Top 10 things to do in Cuba

Cuba

Many Americans had beach homes during the summer, and rich companies owned large factories and land

Cuba is a country.

Cuba comprises the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos. Havana is the capital of Cuba and its largest city. The second-largest city is Santiago de Cuba. To the north of Cuba lies the United States (150 km or 93 mi away), the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands are to the northeast, Mexico is to the west (210 km or 130 mi away), the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the southeast.

The island of Cuba was inhabited by numerous Mesoamerican Indian tribes prior to the landing of explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492, who claimed it for the Kingdom of Spain. Cuba remained a colony of Spain until the Spanish–American War of 1898, after which it was briefly administered by the United States until gaining nominal independence in 1902. The fragile republic endured increasingly radical politics and social strife, and despite efforts to strengthen its democratic system, Cuba came under the dictatorship of former president Fulgencio Batista in 1952. Growing unrest and instability led to Batista's ousting in January 1959 by the July 26 movement, which afterwards established a government under the leadership of Fidel Castro. Since 1965 the country has been governed as a single-party state by the Communist Party.

Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean, and with over 11 million inhabitants, is the second-most populous after Hispaniola, albeit with a much lower population density than most nations in the region. It is a multiethnic country whose people, culture and customs derive from diverse origins, including the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the long period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves, a close relationship with the Soviet Union during the Cold War, and proximity to the United States.

Cuba today is the only remaining communist state to receive a "very high" human development ranking from the United Nations, and ranks well in measures of health and education.

Overall rating: 4.5
Country
Typical length of visit: 7 days

Top 10 things to do in Cuba

Cayo Santa María

Cayo Santa María
Cayo Santa María is an island off Cuba's north central coast in the Jardines del Rey archipelago. The island is linked by road and bridge to the town of Caibarién ...

Havana

Havana
Havana is the capital city, province, major port, and leading commercial centre of Cuba. The city proper has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of ...

Trinidad

Trinidad
Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands and numerous landforms which make up the island nation of Trinidad and Tobago. The island lies just 11 km ...

Viñales

Viñales
Viñales is a small town and municipality in the north-central Pinar del Río Province of Cuba.The town consists mostly of one-story wooden houses with porches.The municipality is dominated by low ...

Santiago de Cuba

Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city of Cuba and capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island, some 540 miles south-east of ...

Cayo Coco

Cayo Coco
Cayo Coco is an island in central Cuba, known for its all inclusive resorts. It lies within the Ciego de Ávila Province and is part of a chain of islands ...

Varadero

Varadero
Varadero is a resort town in the province of Matanzas, Cuba, and one of the largest resort areas in the Caribbean.GeographyIt is situated on the Hicacos Peninsula, ...

Cayo Largo del Sur

Cayo Largo del Sur
Cayo Largo del Sur, or simply Cayo Largo , is a small resort island in Cuba, off the south coast of the northwestern part of the main island in the ...

Guardalavaca

Guardalavaca
Guardalavaca is a town in the Holguín Province of Cuba. It is a tourist location due to its white sandy beaches and warm waters.GeographyIt is located on ...

Cienfuegos

Cienfuegos
locality

Santa Clara

Santa Clara
Santa Clara may refer to:PeopleSaint Clare of Assisi , known in Spanish as Santa ClaraSaint Clare of Montefalco PlacesAfrica

Camagüey

Camagüey
locality

Cayo Guillermo

Cayo Guillermo
Cayo Guillermo is a kay of the Jardines del Rey archipelago. It is located on the northern coast of Cuba, between the Bay of Dogs and the Atlantic Ocean. It ...

Holguín

Holguín
Holguín is a municipality and city, the capital of the Cuban Province of Holguín. It also includes a tourist area, offering beach resorts in the outskirts of the region.

Matanzas

Matanzas
Matanzas is the capital of the Cuban province of Matanzas. Known for its poets, culture, and Afro-Cuban folklore, it is located on the northern shore of the island of Cuba, ...

Baracoa

Baracoa
Baracoa is a municipality and city in Guantánamo Province near the eastern tip of Cuba. It was founded by the first governor of Cuba, the Spanish conquistador Diego Velázquez de ...

Guantánamo

Guantánamo
Guantánamo is a municipality and city in southeast Cuba and capital of Guantánamo Province.Guantánamo is served by the Caimanera port near the site of a U.S. Naval base. The area ...

Bayamo

Bayamo
Bayamo is the capital city of the Granma Province of Cuba, and one of the largest cities in the Oriente region.OverviewThe community of Bayamo lies on a ...

Topes de Collantes

Topes de Collantes
Topes de Collantes is a nature reserve park in the Escambray Mountains range in Cuba. It also refers to the third highest peak in the reserve, where a small settlement ...

Las Terrazas

Las Terrazas
Las Terrazas is a small community and nature reserve in the municipality of Candelaria, Artemisa Province, Cuba. It is located in the Sierra del Rosario mountains , which was designated ...

Manzanillo

Manzanillo
Manzanillo or manzanillo may refer to:Manzanillo, Colima, a city in MexicoManzanillo Municipality, Colima, the surrounding municipality Manzanillo, Cuba, a cityManzanillo Port, a port in Dominican RepublicManzanillo, Valladolid, a municipality in ...

Las Tunas

Las Tunas
Las Tunas may refer to:Argentina:Las Tunas, Entre Ríos, a locality in the province of Entre RíosLas Tunas, Santa Fe, a locality in the province of Santa FeCuba:Las Tunas ProvinceLas Tunas ...

Cárdenas

Cárdenas
Cárdenas is a locational surname of Spanish origin. It may refer to:Cárdenas Places CubaCárdenas, CubaBay of Cárdenas MexicoCárdenas, San Luis PotosíCárdenas, TabascoLázaro Cárdenas, MichoacánLázaro Cárdenas, Quintana Roo NicaraguaCárdenas, Rivas PanamaCárdenas, Panama SpainCárdenas, ...

Nueva Gerona

Nueva Gerona
Nueva Gerona is a Cuban city, capital of the Isla de la Juventud special municipality and province. As of 2012, its population was 59,049.HistoryThe city was founded ...

Playa Girón

Playa Girón
Playa Girón is a beach and village on the east bank of the Bahia de Cochinos , which is located in the province of Matanzas, on the southern coast of ...

Desembarco del Granma National Park

Desembarco del Granma National Park
Desembarco del Granma National Park, with its uplifted marine terraces and associated ongoing development of karst topography and features, represents a globally significant example of geomorphologic and physiographic features and ...

Rafael Freyre

Rafael Freyre
Rafael Freyre is a municipality and town in the Holguín Province of Cuba.OverviewThe main municipal settlement developed around the sugar cane factory "Central Santa Lucía".Some of its ...

Historic Centre of Camagüey

Historic Centre of Camagüey
One of the first seven villages founded by the Spaniards in Cuba, Camagüey played a prominent role as the urban centre of an inland territory dedicated to cattle breeding and ...

Sancti Spíritus

Sancti Spíritus
Sancti Spíritus is a municipality and capital city of the province of Sancti Spíritus in central Cuba. Sancti Spíritus, Latin for "Holy Spirit". It is one of the oldest Cuban ...

Pinar del Río

Pinar del Río
Pinar del Río is a Cuban city, capital of Pinar del Río Province. With a city population of 139,336 , in a municipality of 190,332, it is the 10th largest ...

Remedios

Remedios
The name Remedios may refer to:Remedios, Cuba, a municipality in the province of Villa Clara, Cuba, famous for its Christmas festivities, called parrandas, in which two 'barrios' compete the whole ...

Valle de los Ingenios

Valle de los Ingenios
Valle de los Ingenios, also named Valley de los Ingenios or Valley of the Sugar Mills, is a series of three interconnected valleys about 12 kilometres outside of Trinidad, Cuba. ...

Caibarién

Caibarién
Caibarién is a municipality city in the Villa Clara province of Cuba.Caibarien is known as "La Villa Blanca" for its sands and beaches. They are famous for their "Parrandas" along ...

Ciego de Ávila

Ciego de Ávila
Ciego de Ávila is a city in the central part of Cuba and the capital of Ciego de Ávila Province. The city has a population of about 86,100.

Guanahacabibes Peninsula

Guanahacabibes Peninsula
Guanahacabibes Peninsula is the westernmost point on the island of Cuba. It is located in Pinar del Río Province, in the municipality of Sandino and is sparsely populated. The waters ...

Bay of Pigs

Bay of Pigs
The Bay of Pigs is an inlet of the Gulf of Cazones located on the southern coast of Cuba. By 1910, it was included in Santa Clara Province, and then ...

Cayo Romano

Cayo Romano
Cayo Romano is an island on the northern coast of Cuba, in the province of Camagüey. It is the largest cay of the Jardines del Rey archipelago with 777 square ...

Caguanes National Park

Caguanes National Park
Caguanes National Park is a national park in Cuba. It is located in the Yaguajay municipality in the northern part of Sancti Spíritus Province, on the northern coast of Cuba.It ...

Guaniguanico

Guaniguanico
Guaniguanico, also known as Cordillera de Guaniguanico, is a mountain range of western Cuba that spans from the centre-west of Pinar del Río Province to the western area of Artemisa ...

Castillo de Jagua

Castillo de Jagua
The Jagua Fortress is a fortress south of Cienfuegos in Cuba. It is located near the entrance to the Bay of Cienfuegos , in the port of Jagua.The fortress, also ...

Guantánamo Province

Guantánamo Province
Guantánamo is the easternmost province of Cuba. Its capital is also called Guantánamo. Other towns include Baracoa. The province surrounds the important U.S. Navy base at Guantánamo Bay.

Guamá, Cuba

Guamá, Cuba
Guamá is a municipality in the Santiago de Cuba Province of Cuba. The municipal seat is located in the town of Chivirico. It was named after Guamá, the Taíno cacique ...

Niquero

Niquero
Niquero is a municipality and town in the Granma Province of Cuba. It is located in the coastal region of the province, bordering the Gulf of Guacanayabo. Cape Cruz , ...

Che Guevara Mausoleum

Che Guevara Mausoleum
The Che Guevara Mausoleum is a memorial in Santa Clara, Cuba. It houses the remains of executed Marxist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara and twenty-nine of his fellow combatants killed in ...

Old Havana

Old Havana
Old Havana is the city-center and one of the 15 municipalities forming Havana, Cuba, it has the second highest population density in the city and contains the core of the ...

Baconao

Baconao
Baconao Park is a large park region, located about 60 kilometers away from the city of Santiago de Cuba, with a total surface of 848.57 km2 .HistoryThe name ...

Teatro La Caridad

Teatro La Caridad
Teatro de La Caridad or Teatro La Caridad , located in Santa Clara, is one of the few remaining colonial theatres in Cuba. It is a National Monument of Cuba.

Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca

Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca
The Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca is a fortress on the coast of the Cuban city of Santiago de Cuba. About 6 miles southwest of the city centre, it ...

Malecón, Havana

Malecón, Havana
The Malecón is a broad esplanade, roadway and seawall which stretches for 8 km along the coast in Havana, Cuba, from the mouth of Havana Harbor in Old Havana, along the ...

El Capitolio

El Capitolio
El Capitolio, or National Capitol Building in Havana, Cuba, was the seat of government in Cuba until after the Cuban Revolution in 1959, and is now home to the Cuban ...

Basilica of Our Lady of Charity

Basilica of Our Lady of Charity
A basilica dedicated to Cuba's patron-saint

Monumento a la Toma del Tren Blindado

Monumento a la Toma del Tren Blindado
The Tren Blindado is a national monument, memorial park, and museum of the Cuban Revolution, located in the city of Santa Clara, Cuba. ...

Parque Vidal

Parque Vidal
Parque Vidal is a park located in the center of Santa Clara, Cuba, that covers an entire square block. In the middle of it, the Glorieta erected in 1911 still ...

Carnival of Santiago de Cuba

Carnival of Santiago de Cuba
Whether they are called carnavales, charangas or parrandas, large public celebrations dating at least as far back as the 17th century are common throughout Cuba. However, among Cubans, the Carnaval ...

Gran Teatro de La Habana

Gran Teatro de La Habana
The Gran Teatro de La Habana is located in the Paseo del Prado in Havana, Cuba. It is located in a building known as the Palace of the Galician Centre, ...

Finca Vigía

Finca Vigía
Finca Vigía was the home of Ernest Hemingway in San Francisco de Paula, Cuba, and now houses a museum.History of the propertyThe house was built in 1886 ...

Loma del Capiro

Loma del Capiro
Loma del Capiro is a group of three small peaks located in the city of Santa Clara, Cuba.The elevation gained local and worldwide historic significance after Che Guevara used it ...

Turquino National Park

Turquino National Park
Turquino National Park, also known as Sierra Maestra National Park, is a national park in Santiago de Cuba Province, southeastern Cuba.GeographyThe park is located in the Sierra ...

Morro Castle

Morro Castle
Morro Castle may refer to:FortressMorro Castle , a fortress guarding Havana Bay, CubaCastillo San Felipe del Morro, a fortress in San Juan, Puerto RicoCastillo de San Pedro ...

Catedral de Santa Clara de Asís

Catedral de Santa Clara de Asís
The Catedral de Santa Clara de Asís is a cathedral located in the city of Santa Clara, Cuba. It lies on Calle Marta Abreu, one of the city's main artery, ...

Cauto River

Cauto River
The Cauto River or Río Cauto, located in southeast Cuba, is the longest river of Cuba.OverviewIt flows on a total length of 230 miles from the Sierra ...

Castillo de la Real Fuerza

Castillo de la Real Fuerza
The Castillo de la Real Fuerza is a star fort on the western side of the harbour in Havana, Cuba, set back from the entrance, and bordering the Plaza de ...

Estadio Guillermón Moncada

Estadio Guillermón Moncada
Estadio Guillermón Moncada is a multi-use stadium in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. It is the second most important baseball stadium of the country, with a capacity for 25 000 spectators ...

Parque de los Mártires

Parque de los Mártires
Parque de los Mártires is the name of a park in Santa Clara, Cuba. It is located only a few blocks from Parque del Carmen and in front of Santa ...

Museum of the Revolution

Museum of the Revolution
Museum of the Revolution may refer to:Museum of the Revolution Museum of the Revolution Museum of the Revolution ...

Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de La Habana

Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes de La Habana
The National Museum of Fine Arts of Havana in Havana, Cuba is a museum of Fine Arts that exhibits Cuban art collections from the colonial times up to contemporary generations.

La Cabaña

La Cabaña
Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabaña , colloquially known as La Cabaña, is an 18th-century fortress complex, the third-largest in the Americas, located on the elevated eastern side of ...

Hotel Inglaterra

Hotel Inglaterra
Hotel Inglaterra is the oldest hotel in Cuba and one of the most classic hotels in Havana. It is located at Paseo del Prado #416 between San Rafael and San ...

Meliá Cohiba Hotel

Meliá Cohiba Hotel
The Meliá Cohiba is a 5 star luxury high-rise hotel located in the Vedado district of Havana, Cuba. The hotel opened in 1994, in total it has 401 rooms and ...

Colon Cemetery, Havana

Colon Cemetery, Havana
The Colon Cemetery, or more fully in the Spanish language Cementerio de Cristóbal Colón, was founded in 1876 in the Vedado neighbourhood of Havana, Cuba on top of Espada Cemetery. ...

Hotel Ambos Mundos

Hotel Ambos Mundos
The Hotel Ambos Mundos is a hotel of square form with five floors, built with an eclectic set of characteristics of 20th-century style architecture. It was built in 1924 on ...

José Martí Memorial

José Martí Memorial
The José Martí Memorial is a memorial to José Martí, a national hero of Cuba, located on the northern side of the Plaza de la Revolución in the Vedado area ...

El Templete

El Templete
El Templete is a monument in Havana, Cuba, that pays homage to the place where the foundation of the town of San Cristóbal de la Habana was celebrated in 1519. ...

Regla

Regla
Regla is one of the 15 municipalities or boroughs in the city of Havana, Cuba. It comprises the town of Regla, located at the bottom of Havana Bay in a ...

Castillo San Salvador de la Punta

Castillo San Salvador de la Punta
San Salvador de la Punta Fortress is a fortress in the bay of Havana, Cuba.La Punta, just like El Morro was designed to protect the entrance to the Havana Bay ...

Havana Cathedral

Havana Cathedral
The Cathedral of The Virgin Mary of the Immaculate Conception is one of eleven Roman Catholic cathedrals on the island of Cuba. Located in the Plaza de la Catedral, the ...

Acuario Nacional de Cuba

Acuario Nacional de Cuba
The Acuario Nacional de Cuba in Havana, Cuba was established in 1960 to focus on "research and environmental education". Displays include those of coral and other tropical species, as well ...

Granma

Granma
Granma may refer to:A female grandparentGranma , a yacht in which Fidel Castro and his revolutionary expedition sailed to Cuba in 1956CF Granma a Cuban football clubGranma or Granma Alazanes, ...

Floridita

Floridita
Floridita or El Floridita is a historic fish restaurant and cocktail bar in the older part of Havana , Cuba. It lies at the end of Calle Obispo , ...

Christ of Havana

Christ of Havana
The Christ of Havana is a large sculpture representing Jesus of Nazareth on a hilltop overlooking the bay in Havana, Cuba. It is the work of the Cuban sculptor Jilma ...

Estadio Latinoamericano

Estadio Latinoamericano
The Estadio Latinoamericano is a stadium in Havana, Cuba. It is primarily used for baseball. Gran Estadio, a spacious pitchers' park with prevailing winds blowing in and boasting a playing ...

Museo del Aire

Museo del Aire
Museo del Aire may refer to:Museo del Aire , HavanaMuseo del Aire ...

Amadeo Roldán Theater

Amadeo Roldán Theater
The Amadeo Roldán Theater is a theater in Havana, Cuba built in 1929. The theater was destroyed in 1977 by a pyromaniac; it was re-opened in 1999 as the head ...

Iglesia de Jesús de Miramar

Iglesia de Jesús de Miramar
Iglesia de Jesús de Miramar is the second largest church in Cuba. It is located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Cristobal de la Habana. It was begun in ...

Havana

Havana
Havana (/həˈvænə/; Spanish: La Habana, [la aˈβana] ( listen)) is the capital city, province, major port, and leading commercial centre of Cuba. The city proper has a population of 2.1 million ...

Estadio Cándido González

Estadio Cándido González
Estadio Cándido González is a multi-use stadium in Camagüey, Cuba. It is currently used mostly for baseball games and is the home stadium of Camagüey Alfareros. The stadium holds 15,000 ...