Top 10 things to do in Mongolia

Mongolia

A nomadic land of vast spaces and mystic Buddhism.

Mongolia is a country.

Mongolia i/mɒŋˈɡoʊliə/ (Mongolian: ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯᠤᠯᠤᠰ, Monggol Ulus and Монгол Улс, Mongol Uls) is a landlocked country in east-central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and also the largest city, is home to about 45% of the population. Mongolia's political system is a parliamentary republic.

The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Turkic Khaganate, and others. In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, and his grandson Kublai Khan conquered China to establish the Yuan Dynasty. After the collapse of the Yuan, the Mongols retreated to Mongolia and resumed their earlier pattern of factional conflict and occasional raids on the Chinese borderlands. In the 16th centuries, Tibetan Buddhism began to spread in Mongolia and it has been accelerated by the unwavering support of Qing government after Mongolia had been incorporated by the Qing dynasty. In 1900s, almost half of the adult male population were buddhist monks.

At the end of the 17th century, all of Mongolia had been incorporated into the area ruled by the Manchus' Qing Dynasty. During the collapse of the Qing Dynasty the Mongols established Temporary Government of Khalkha in 30 November 1911. On 29 December 1911 Mongolia declared independence from the Qing Dynasty and this National Liberation Revolution ended 220 years of Manchu rule (153 years after the collapse of the Zunghar Khanate).

Shortly thereafter, the country came under Soviet influence, resulting in the proclamation of the Mongolian People's Republic as a Soviet satellite state in 1924. After the breakdown of communist regimes in Europe in late 1989, Mongolia saw its own democratic revolution in early 1990; it led to a multi-party system, a new constitution of 1992, and transition to a market economy.

At 1,564,116 square kilometres (603,909 sq mi), Mongolia is the 19th largest and the most sparsely populated independent country in the world, with a population of around 3 million people. It is also the world's second-largest landlocked country after Kazakhstan. The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south.

Overall rating: 4.8
Country
Typical length of visit: 7 days

Top 10 things to do in Mongolia

Mörön

Mörön
Mörön is the administrative center of Khövsgöl Aimag in northern Mongolia. Before 1933, Khatgal had been the Aimag capital.Mörön has a hospital, a museum, a theatre, a post office, several ...

Khövsgöl Nuur

Khövsgöl Nuur
Lake Khövsgöl , also referred to as Khövsgöl dalai or Dalai Eej is the largest fresh water lake in Mongolia by volume, and second largest by area. Khövsgöl Nuur is ...

Dalanzadgad

Dalanzadgad
Dalanzadgad is the capital of Ömnögovi Aimag in Mongolia. It is located 540 kilometers south of the national capital Ulaanbaatar. The altitude of the city center is 1,470 meters .As ...

Darkhan

Darkhan
Darkhan is a craftsman or an honorary privilege in the Mongolian language. It also refers to a common Mongolian place name, specifically the following places.MongoliaDarkhan-Uul Province, an ...

Altai Tavan Bogd National Park

Altai Tavan Bogd National Park
Altai Tavan Bogd National Park is a national park in Bayan-Ölgii Province of western Mongolia.It covers 6362 square kilometres and is located south of Tavan Bogd, the highest mountain of ...

Kharkhorin

Kharkhorin
Kharkhorin is a town and sum center in Övörkhangai Province in Mongolia. The sum population was 13,828 , 13,964 , and 13,496 . The population of Kharkhorin town itself was ...

Khustain Nuruu National Park

Khustain Nuruu National Park
Khustain Nuruu National Park , located in Töv Province , is a national park of Mongolia. It is also known as Hustai National Park. The Tuul River runs through the ...

Erdenet

Erdenet
Erdenet is the second-largest city in Mongolia and the capital of the aimag of Orkhon. Officially known as Bayan-Öndör sum.Located in the northern part of the country, it lies in ...

Ulan Bator

Ulan Bator
Ulan Bator or Ulaanbaatar is the capital and the largest city of Mongolia. An independent municipality, the city is not part of any province, and its population as of 2014 ...

Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area

Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area
The Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area is a 12,270 km government administered Strictly Protected Area in the Khentii aimag in Eastern Mongolia. Strictly Protected Areas are regions of land designated by ...

Nalaikh

Nalaikh
Nalaikh is one of nine Düüregs of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. It is subdivided into 6 Khoroos .Unlike most other düüregs, Nalaikh is technically a separate city, but still ...

Uvs Lake

Uvs Lake
Uvs Lake is a highly saline lake in an endorheic basin - Uvs Nuur Basin in Mongolia with a small part in Russia. It is the largest lake in Mongolia ...

Karakorum

Karakorum
Karakorum was the capital of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century, and of the Northern Yuan in the 14–15th centuries. Its ruins lie in the northwestern corner of the ...

Gorkhi Terelj National Park

Gorkhi Terelj National Park
Gorkhi-Terelj National Park is one of the national parks of Mongolia. The Terelj tourist zone has a number of "tourist camps" . It is connected with Ulan Bator by a ...

Choijin Lama Temple

Choijin Lama Temple
The Choijin Lama Temple is a Buddhist monastery in Ulan Bator, the capital of Mongolia.The complex consists of four temples originally occupied by the brother of the ruler Bogd Khan, ...

Sükhbaatar Square

Sükhbaatar Square
Chinggis Square , formally Grand Chinggis Khaan Square, and previously known as Sükhbaatar Square , is the central square of Mongolia's capital Ulaanbaatar. The official name was changed in 2013 ...

National Museum of Mongolia

National Museum of Mongolia
The National Museum of Mongolia is one of the national museums of Mongolia located in the capital Ulan Bator. The National Museum of Mongolia is a cultural, scientific, and educational ...

Yolyn Am

Yolyn Am
Yolyn Am is a deep and narrow gorge in the Gurvan Saikhan Mountains of southern Mongolia. The valley is named after the Lammergeier, which is called Yol in Mongolian. The ...

Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park

Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park
Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park is a national park in southern Mongolia. The park was established in 1993, and expanded to its current size in 2000. The park, at nearly 27,000 ...

Flaming Cliffs

Flaming Cliffs
The Flaming Cliffs site, also known as Bayanzag or sometimes Bain-Dzak,rich in saxaul or Mongolian: Улаан Эрэг red cliffs, is a region of the Gobi Desert in the Ömnögovi Province ...

Mongolian Natural History Museum

Mongolian Natural History Museum
The Mongolian Natural History Museum is a repository and research institution located in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. The museum was previously known as the Mongolian National Museum or State Central Museum. This ...

Erdene Zuu Monastery

Erdene Zuu Monastery
The Erdene Zuu Monastery is probably the earliest surviving Buddhist monastery in Mongolia. Located in Övörkhangai Province, approximately 2 km north-east from the center of Kharkhorin and adjacent to the ...

National Sports Stadium

National Sports Stadium
National Sports Stadium can refer to:National Sports Stadium National Sports Stadium ...

Sky Resort

Sky Resort
Sky Resort is a ski resort located near Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. The resort is sited on Bogd Khan Uul, with a base of 1,379 metres and tops out at 1,570 metres ...