Top 10 things to do in Lebanon

Lebanon

A Democratic Republic country in the East Mediterranean

Lebanon is a country.

Lebanon (i/ˈlɛbənɒn/ or /ˈlɛbənən/; Arabic: لبنان‎ Libnān or Lubnān; Lebanese Arabic: [lɪbˈneːn]; Aramaic: לבנאנ; French: Liban), officially the Lebanese Republic[nb 1] (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية‎ Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-Loubnānīyah; Lebanese Arabic: [elˈʒʊmhuːɾɪjje l.ˈlɪbneːnɪjje]; French: République libanaise), is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has dictated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity.

The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Phoenicians, a maritime culture that flourished for over a thousand years (c. 1550–539 BC). In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity. In the Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as the Maronite Church was established. As the Arab Muslims conquered the region, the Maronites held onto their religion and identity. However, a new religious group, the Druze, established themselves in Mount Lebanon as well, a religious divide that would last for centuries. During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the Roman Catholic Church and asserted their communion with Rome. The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.

The region eventually came under the rule of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1918. Following the collapse of the Empire after World War I, the five provinces that constitute modern Lebanon were mandated to France. The French expanded the borders of Mount Lebanon Governorate, which was mostly populated by Maronites and Druze, to include more Muslims. Lebanon gained independence in 1943, establishing a unique political system – "confessionalism" – that is, a power-sharing mechanism based on religious communities. Bechara El Khoury (independent Lebanon's first president), Riad El-Solh (Lebanon's first prime minister) and Emir Majid Arslan (Lebanon's first minister of defence) are considered the founders of the modern Republic of Lebanon and are national heroes for having led the country's independence. French troops withdrew from Lebanon in 1946.

Overall rating: 4.2
Country
Typical length of visit: 4 days

Top 10 things to do in Lebanon

Baalbek

Baalbek
Baalbeck, also known as Baalbek is a town in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon situated east of the Litani River. Known as Heliopolis during the period of Roman rule, it ...

Jounieh

Jounieh
Jounieh is a coastal city about 16 km north of Beirut, Lebanon and is part of Greater Beirut. Jounieh is known for its seaside resorts and bustling nightlife, as well as ...

Sidon

Sidon
Sidon or Saïda is the third-largest city in Lebanon. It is located in the South Governorate of Lebanon, on the Mediterranean coast, about 40 kilometres north of Tyre and 40 km ...

Tripoli

Tripoli
Tripoli is the de jure capital city and the largest city of Libya. Tripoli, with its metropolitan area, has a population of about 1.1 million people. The city is located ...

Byblos

Byblos
Byblos, in Arabic Jubayl , is a Mediterranean city in the Mount Lebanon Governorate, Lebanon. It is believed to have been occupied first between 8800 and 7000 BC, and according ...

Damour

Damour
Damour is a Lebanese Christian town that is 24 km south of Beirut, part of Greater Beirut. The name of the town is derived from the name of the Phoenician god ...

Tyre

Tyre
Tyre may refer to:Tyre , or tire, the outer part of a wheelPlacesTyre, Lebanon, a cityTyre District, LebanonTyre, New York, a town in the United StatesTyre, Michigan, ...

Deir el Qamar

Deir el Qamar
Deir el Qamar is a village in south-central Lebanon, five kilometres outside of Beiteddine, consisting of stone houses with red-tiled roofs.HistoryDuring the 16th to 18th centuries, Deir ...

Beirut

Beirut
Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon. As there has been no recent population census, the exact population is unknown; but, in 2007, estimates ranged from slightly more ...

Anjar

Anjar
Anjar may refer to:Anjar, India, a town and municipality of IndiaAnjar, Iran, a village in East Azerbaijan Province, IranAnjar, Lebanon, a town in the Bekaa valley of Lebanon ...

Bourj Hammoud

Bourj Hammoud
Bourj Hammoud is a suburb in North-East Beirut, Lebanon in the Metn district and is part of Greater Beirut. The suburb is heavily populated by Armenians. Bourj Hammoud is an ...

Zouk Mosbeh

Zouk Mosbeh
Zouk Mosbeh is a town in the Keserwan District of Mount Lebanon. The town is famous for a cave called the King's Cave and is home to the Notre Dame ...

Bsharri

Bsharri
Bsharri , is a town at an altitude of about 1,500 m in the Kadisha Valley in northern Lebanon. It is located in the Bsharri District of the North Governorate.Bsharri is ...

Zgharta

Zgharta
Zgharta, or Zghorta is a large town in North Lebanon, with an estimated population of around 90,000.Zgharta is about 150 metres above sea level and lies between the rivers of ...

Chouf District

Chouf District
Chouf is a historic region of Lebanon, as well as an administrative district in the governorate of Mount Lebanon.Located south-east of Beirut, the region comprises a narrow coastal strip notable ...

Brummana

Brummana
Brummana is a town in the Matn District of the Mount Lebanon Governorate in Lebanon. It is located east of Beirut, overlooking the capital and the Mediterranean.OverviewAs ...

Batroun

Batroun
The coastal city of Batroun located in northern Lebanon is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is the capital city of Batroun District.EtymologyThe name ...

Barouk

Barouk
Barouk is a village in the Chouf District of Lebanon . Historically, the village is known for being the "land of good", because of its fountain . The poet Rachid ...

Aley District

Aley District
Aley is a district in Mount Lebanon, Lebanon, to the south-east of the Lebanon's capital Beirut. The capital is Aley. Aley city was previously known as the "bride of the ...

Saint George Maronite Cathedral, Beirut

Saint George Maronite Cathedral, Beirut
Saint George Maronite Cathedral is the cathedral of the Maronite Archdiocese of the city of Beirut, Lebanon. Its construction, with a Neoclassical facade, interior and plan inspired by the Basilica ...

Beirut International Exhibition & Leisure Center

Beirut International Exhibition & Leisure Center
The Beirut International Exhibition & Leisure Center is a large multi-purpose facility, in downtown Beirut. Lebanon's largest such complex, it hosts exhibitions, conferences, concerts and private events. It opened on ...

Maghen Abraham Synagogue

Maghen Abraham Synagogue
The Maghen Abraham Synagogue is one of the main synagogues in Lebanon.Located in the Jewish district of Wadi Abu Jamil in Beirut, the synagogue was destroyed during the Lebanese Civil ...

Lebanese Heritage Museum

Lebanese Heritage Museum
The Lebanese Heritage Museum is a museum in Jounieh, Lebanon. It contains objects related to the history and culture of Lebanon from the Phoenician era to modern times. ...

Mohammad Al-Amin Mosque

Mohammad Al-Amin Mosque
The Mohammad Al-Amin Mosque is a sunni mosque located in Martyrs' Square in downtown Beirut, Lebanon. It was built between 2002 and 2007 by the former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik ...

Jeita Grotto

Jeita Grotto
The Jeita Grotto is a system of two separate, but interconnected, karstic limestone caves spanning an overall length of nearly 9 kilometres . The caves are situated in the Nahr ...

René Moawad Garden

René Moawad Garden
The René Moawad Garden is located in the Sanayeh district of Beirut, Lebanon. The garden is one of the oldest public open-air spaces in the capital. Khalil Pasha , commander ...

National Museum of Beirut

National Museum of Beirut
The National Museum of Beirut is the principal museum of archaeology in Lebanon. The collection was begun after World War I, and the museum was officially opened in 1942. The ...

Grand Serail

Grand Serail
The Grand Serail ; also known as the Government Palace is the headquarters of the Prime Minister of Lebanon. It is situated atop a hill in downtown Beirut a few ...

Sursock Museum

Sursock Museum
Sursock Museum, which is officially known as Nicolas Ibrahim Sursock Museum, is a modern art and contemporary art museum in Beirut, Lebanon.The wealthy and prominent Beirut aristocrat Nicolas Ibrahim Sursock ...

Beirut Art Center

Beirut Art Center
Beirut Art Center is a space for exhibiting contemporary art in Beirut, LebanonHistoryBeirut Art Center opened to public in January 2009. It is managed as a non-profit ...

Mzaar Kfardebian

Mzaar Kfardebian
Mzaar Kfardebian is a ski area in Lebanon and the largest ski resort in the Middle East. It is located one hour away from Beirut, the capital of Lebanon. It ...

Archaeological Museum of the American University of Beirut

Archaeological Museum of the American University of Beirut
The Archaeology Museum of the American University of Beirut in Beirut, Lebanon is the third oldest museum in the Near East after Cairo and Constantinople.HistoryThe museum was ...

Platinum Tower

Platinum Tower
Platinum Tower may refer to:Platinum Tower , a tower under construction in BeirutPlatinum Tower , a tower under construction in DubaiPlatinum Tower , a tower built in Panama CityPlatinum Tower ...

Zinc

Zinc
Zinc, in commerce also spelter, is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30. It is the first element of group 12 of the periodic table. In some ...