Top 10 things to do in Afghanistan

Afghanistan

After decades of war and famine, this once-highlight on backpacker routes is no longer as inviting

Afghanistan is a country.

Afghanistan is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 31 million people, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far northeast. Its territory covers 652,000 km2 (252,000 sq mi), making it the 41st largest country in the world.

Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. Through the ages the land has been home to various peoples and witnessed numerous military campaigns, notably by Alexander the Great, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviet Russians, and in the modern-era by Western powers. The land also served as the source from which the Kushans, Hephthalites, Samanids, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khiljis, Mughals, Hotaks, Durranis, and others have risen to form major empires.

The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. Following the 1919 Anglo-Afghan War, King Amanullah and King Mohammed Zahir Shah attempted modernization of the country. A series of coups in the 1970s was followed by a Soviet invasion and a series of civil wars that devastated much of the country.

Overall rating: 4.3
Country
Typical length of visit: 7 days

Top 10 things to do in Afghanistan

Kandahar

Kandahar
Kandahar or Qandahar is the second-largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 491,500 as of 2012. Formerly called Alexandria Arachosia, the city is named after Alexander the Great, ...

Kabul

Kabul
Kābul , is the capital of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan also the largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of Afghanistan. According to a 2012 estimate, the population ...

Bagram

Bagram
Bagram , founded as Alexandria on the Caucasus and known in medieval times as Kapisa, is a small town and seat in Bagram District in Parwan Province of Afghanistan, about ...

Jalalabad

Jalalabad
Jalalabad , formerly called Adina Pur as documented by the 7th century Hsüan-tsang, is a city in eastern Afghanistan. Located at the junction of the Kabul River and Kunar River ...

Kunduz

Kunduz
Kunduz is a city in northern Afghanistan, which serves as the capital of Kunduz Province. It is sometimes spelled as Kundûz, Qonduz, Qondûz, Konduz, Kondûz, Kondoz, or Qhunduz.Sitting in the ...

Deh Sabz District

Deh Sabz District
Deh Sabz District is situated northeast of Kabul City in Afghanistan. It has a population of 100,136 people . About 70% are Pashtuns and 30% are Tajiks.Deh Sabz borders Shakardara ...

Herat

Herat
Herat is the third largest city of Afghanistan. It has a population of about 436,300, which is multi-ethnic but mostly Persian-speaking. The city serves as the capital of Herat province, ...

Puli Khumri

Puli Khumri
Puli Khumri is a city in northern Afghanistan. It is the capital of Baghlan Province and as of 2002 had a population of 60,000. The spoken language is mainly Persian ...

Bamyan

Bamyan
Bamyan , also spelled Bamiyan and Bamian, is the capital of Bamyan Province in central Afghanistan. With an altitude of about 2,550 m and with a population of about 61,863, ...

Paghman

Paghman
Paghman is a town in the hills near Afghanistan's capital of Kabul. It is the seat of the Paghman District which has a population of about 120,000 , of which ...

Bamyan Province

Bamyan Province
Bamyan Province is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central highlands of the country. Its terrain is mountainous or semi-mountainous. The province is divided into six ...

Ghazni

Ghazni
For the Province of Ghazni see Ghazni Province Ghazni is a city in Afghanistan with a population of about 141,000 people. It is located in the central-east part of the ...

Gardens of Babur

Gardens of Babur
The Gardens of Babur, locally called Bagh-e Babur , is a historic park in Kabul, Afghanistan, and also the last resting-place of the first Mughal emperor Babur. The gardens are ...

National Museum of Afghanistan

National Museum of Afghanistan
The National Museum of Afghanistan , also known as the Afghan National Museum or sometimes the Kabul Museum, is a two-story building located 9 km southwest of the center of Kabul ...

Qargha Reservoir

Qargha Reservoir
Qargha is a lake and reservoir in Afghanistan, just 9 km from Kabul.  Locals families often come here on weekends, to play, boat, eat or drink in the surrounding cafes. The reservoir ...

Id Gah Mosque

Id Gah Mosque
Id Gah Mosque or Eid Gah Mosque is the second largest mosque in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. It is considered the cardinal religious mosque in the country, where a ...

Ghazi Stadium

Ghazi Stadium
Ghazi Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Kabul, Afghanistan, mainly used to play football. It is sometimes called by other names such as the Afghan Football Federation Stadium. It was ...

Minaret of Jam

Minaret of Jam
The Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in a remote and nearly inaccessible region of the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, next ...

Bala Hissar & City Walls

Bala Hissar & City Walls
Bala Hissar, Bala Hisar or Balahisar may refer to:Bala Hissar, Kabul, a fortress in Kabul, AfghanistanBala Hissar, Peshawar, a fortress in Peshawar, PakistanBala Hisar, Iran, a village in IranBalahesar, a ...

National Archive

National Archive
A national archive is a central archives maintained by a nation. This article contains a list of national archives.ANational Archives of AfghanistanNational Archives of AlbaniaArchives Nationales Arquivo ...

National Gallery

National Gallery
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, in Central London. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating ...

Shahr-e Gholghola

Shahr-e Gholghola
Shahr-e Gholghola also is 13th century city in Bamyan, Afghanistan which was conquered by Gengis Khan after months of surrounding. The ruins still remain close to the Bamyan town. ...