Top 10 things to do in Ireland

Ireland

Famous for its green landscapes, Guiness beer, leprechauns and Celtic history

Ireland is a country.

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic to the west of Great Britain, from which it is separated by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St Georges Channel. It is the second-largest island of the British Isles, third-largest in Europe, and twentieth-largest on Earth.

Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, which covers the remaining area and is located in the north-east of the island. The population of Ireland is about 6.4 million. Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.

The island's geography comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has lush vegetation, a product of its mild but changeable oceanic climate, which avoids extremes in temperature. Thick woodlands covered the island until the Middle Ages. As of 2013, the amount of land that is wooded in Ireland is about 11% of the total, compared with a European average of 35%. There are 26 extant mammal species native to Ireland.

Prehistoric Ireland saw the arrival of humans after 8000 BC. Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century and lasted until the early 17th century. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. Following the Norman invasion in the 12th century, England claimed sovereignty over Ireland. However, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century Tudor conquest. This led to colonisation of Ireland by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century. With the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom. A war of independence in the early 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish Free State, which became increasingly sovereign over the following decades, and Northern Ireland which remained a part of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided following a political agreement in 1998. In 1973, both parts of Ireland joined the European Economic Community.

Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the fields of literature and, to a lesser degree, science and education. Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed for example through Gaelic games, Irish music, and the Irish language. The culture of the island has also many features shared with Great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.



History

Prehistoric Ireland

During the last glacial period, and up until about 9000 years ago, most of Ireland was covered with ice, most of the time. Sea levels were lower and Ireland, like Great Britain, formed part of continental Europe. By 12,000 BC, rising sea levels due to ice melting caused Ireland to become separated from Great Britain. Later, around 5600 BC, Great Britain itself became separated from continental Europe. There is no evidence of any humans being in Ireland before Mesolithic people arrived by boat from Britain between 8000 BC and 7000 BC.

From about 4500 BC Neolithic settlers arrived introducing cereal cultivars, a housing culture and stone monuments. A more advanced agriculture was to develop. At the Céide Fields, preserved beneath a blanket of peat in present-day County Mayo, is an extensive field system, arguably the oldest in the world, dating from not long after this period. Consisting of small divisions separated by dry-stone walls, the fields were farmed for several centuries between 3500 BC and 3000 BC. Wheat and barley were the principal crops imported from the Iberian Peninsula.

The Bronze Age – defined by the use of metal – began around 2500 BC, with technology changing people's everyday lives during this period through innovations such as the wheel, harnessing oxen, weaving textiles, brewing alcohol, and skilful metalworking, which produced new weapons and tools, along with fine gold decoration and jewellery, such as brooches and torcs. According to John T. Koch and others, Ireland in the Late Bronze Age was part of a maritime trading-networked culture called the Atlantic Bronze Age that also included Britain, western France and Iberia, and that this is where Celtic languages developed. This contrasts with the traditional view that their origin lies in mainland Europe with the Hallstatt culture.



Emergence of Celtic Ireland

During the Iron Age, a Celtic language and culture emerged in Ireland. How and when the island of Ireland became Celtic has been debated for close to a century, with the migrations of the Celts being one of the more enduring themes of archaeological and linguistic studies. Today there is more than one school of thought on how this occurred in Ireland.

The long standing traditional view, once widely accepted, is that Celtic language, Ogham script and culture were brought to Ireland by waves of invading or migrating Celts from mainland Europe. This theory draws on the Lebor Gabála Érenn, a medieval Christian pseudo-history of Ireland along with the presence of Celtic culture, language and artefacts found in Ireland such as Celtic bronze spears, shields, torcs and other finely crafted Celtic associated possessions. The theory holds that there were four separate Celtic invasions of Ireland. The Priteni were said to be the first, followed by the Belgae from northern Gaul and Britain. Later, Laighin tribes from Armorica were said to have invaded Ireland and Britain more or less simultaneously. Lastly, the Milesians were said to have reached Ireland from either northern Iberia or southern Gaul. It was claimed that a second wave named the Euerni, belonging to the Belgae people of northern Gaul, began arriving about the sixth century BC. They were said to have given their name to the island.

Another more recent theory put forth that has gained archaeological historian credence is that of cultural diffusion of the Celtic culture and language into Ireland. It is proposed that Celticisation of Ireland may have been the culmination of a long process of social and economic interaction between Ireland and Britain and adjacent parts of Continental Europe.

The theory was put forth partly due to a current lack of archeological evidence for the large-scale Celtic immigration element in this period although it is accepted that these type of movements are notoriously difficult to identify. However many archeological proponents of this alternate theory hold that migration of smaller groups of Celts to Ireland was most likely and that the degree of traffic may have been sufficiently regular to constitute a "migration stream" but that invasion is not at the heart of the proposed social process of Insular Celticisation. Historical linguists are sceptical that this method alone could account for the absorption of the Celtic language and a number state that an assumed processional view of Celtic linguistic formation is 'an especially hazardous exercise'. Genetic linage investigation into the area of Celtic migration to Ireland has led to findings that showed no large significant differences in mitochondrial DNA between Ireland and large areas of continental Europe in contrast to parts of the Y-chromosome pattern. When taking both into account a recent study drew the conclusion that modern Celtic speakers in Ireland could be thought of as European "Atlantic Celts" showing a shared ancestry throughout the Atlantic zone from northern Iberia to western Scandinavia rather than substantially central European.



Late antiquity and early medieval times

The earliest written records of Ireland come from classical Greco-Roman geographers. Ptolemy in his Almagest refers to Ireland as Mikra Brettania , in contrast to the larger island, which he called Megale Brettania . In his later work, Geography, Ptolemy refers to Ireland as Iouernia and to Great Britain as Albion. These "new" names were likely to have been the local names for the islands at the time. The earlier names, in contrast, were likely to have been coined before direct contact with local peoples was made.

The Romans would later refer to Ireland by this name too in its Latinised form, Hibernia, or Scotia. Ptolemy records sixteen nations inhabiting every part of Ireland in 100 AD. The relationship between the Roman Empire and the kingdoms of ancient Ireland is unclear. However, a number of finds of Roman coins have been made, for example at the Iron Age settlement of Freestone Hill near Gowran and Newgrange.

Ireland continued as a patchwork of rival kingdoms but, beginning in the 7th century AD, a concept of national kingship gradually became articulated through the concept of a High King of Ireland. Medieval Irish literature portrays an almost unbroken sequence of High Kings stretching back thousands of years but modern historians believe the scheme was constructed in the 8th century to justify the status of powerful political groupings by projecting the origins of their rule into the remote past.

The High King was said to preside over the provincial kingdoms that together formed Ireland. All of these kingdoms had their own kings but were at least nominally subject to the High King. The High King was drawn from the ranks of the provincial kings and ruled also the royal kingdom of Meath, with a ceremonial capital at the Hill of Tara. The concept only became a political reality in the Viking Age and even then was not a consistent one. Ireland did have a culturally unifying rule of law: the early written judicial system, the Brehon Laws, administered by a professional class of jurists known as the brehons. However, a united kingdom of Gaelic Ireland was never achieved.

The Chronicle of Ireland records that in 431 AD Bishop Palladius arrived in Ireland on a mission from Pope Celestine I to minister to the Irish "already believing in Christ." The same chronicle records that Saint Patrick, Ireland's best known patron saint, arrived the following year. There is continued debate over the missions of Palladius and Patrick but the consensus is that they both took place and that the older druid tradition collapsed in the face of the new religion. Irish Christian scholars excelled in the study of Latin and Greek learning and Christian theology. In the monastic culture that followed the Christianisation of Ireland, Latin and Greek learning was preserved in Ireland during the Early Middle Ages in contrast to elsewhere in Europe, where the Dark Ages followed the decline of the Roman Empire.

The arts of manuscript illumination, metalworking and sculpture flourished and produced treasures such as the Book of Kells, ornate jewellery and the many carved stone crosses that still dot the island today. A mission founded in 563 on Iona by the Irish monk Saint Columba began a tradition of Irish missionary work that spread Christianity and learning to Scotland, England and the Frankish Empire on Continental Europe after the fall of Rome. These missions continued until the late Middle Ages, establishing monasteries and centres of learning, producing scholars such as Sedulius Scottus and Johannes Eriugena and exerting much influence in Europe.

From the 9th century, waves of Viking raiders plundered Irish monasteries and towns. These raids added to a pattern of raiding and endemic warfare that was already deep-seated in Ireland. The Vikings also were involved in establishing most of the major coastal settlements in Ireland: Dublin, Limerick, Cork, Wexford, Waterford, and also Carlingford, Strangford, Annagassan, Arklow, Youghal, Lough Foyle and Lough Ree.



Norman and English invasions

On 1 May 1169, an expedition of Cambro-Norman knights with an army of about six hundred landed at Bannow Strand in present-day County Wexford. It was led by Richard de Clare, called Strongbow due to his prowess as an archer. The invasion, which coincided with a period of renewed Norman expansion, was at the invitation of Dermot Mac Murrough, the king of Leinster.

In 1166, Mac Murrough had fled to Anjou, France, following a war involving Tighearnán Ua Ruairc, of Breifne, and sought the assistance of the Angevin king, Henry II, in recapturing his kingdom. In 1171, Henry arrived in Ireland in order to review the general progress of the expedition. He wanted to re-exert royal authority over the invasion which was expanding beyond his control. Henry successfully re-imposed his authority over Strongbow and the Cambro-Norman warlords and persuaded many of the Irish kings to accept him as their overlord, an arrangement confirmed in the 1175 Treaty of Windsor.

The invasion was legitimised by the provisions of the Papal Bull Laudabiliter, issued by Adrian IV in 1155. The bull encouraged Henry to take control in Ireland in order to oversee the financial and administrative reorganisation of the Irish Church and its integration into the Roman Church system. Some restructuring had already begun at the ecclesiastical level following the Synod of Kells in 1152. There has been significant controversy regarding authenticity of Laudabiliter, and there is no general agreement as to whether the bull was genuine or a forgery.

In 1172, the new pope, Alexander III, further encouraged Henry to advance the integration of the Irish Church with Rome. Henry was authorised to impose a tithe of one penny per hearth as an annual contribution. This church levy, called Peter's Pence, is still extant in Ireland as a voluntary donation. In turn, Henry accepted the title of Lord of Ireland which Henry conferred on his younger son, John Lackland, in 1185. This defined the Irish state as the Lordship of Ireland. When Henry's successor died unexpectedly in 1199, John inherited the crown of England and retained the Lordship of Ireland.

Over the century that followed, Norman feudal law gradually replaced the Gaelic Brehon Law so that by the late 13th century the Norman-Irish had established a feudal system throughout much of Ireland. Norman settlements were characterised by the establishment of baronies, manors, towns and the seeds of the modern county system. A version of the Magna Carta , substituting Dublin for London and Irish Church for Church of England, was published in 1216 and the Parliament of Ireland was founded in 1297.

From the mid-14th century, after the Black Death, Norman settlements in Ireland went into a period of decline. The Norman rulers and the Gaelic Irish elites intermarried and the areas under Norman rule became Gaelicised. In some parts, a hybrid Hiberno-Norman culture emerged. In response, the Irish parliament passed the Statutes of Kilkenny in 1367. These were a set of laws designed to prevent the assimilation of the Normans into Irish society by requiring English subjects in Ireland to speak English, follow English customs and abide by English law.

By the end of the 15th century central English authority in Ireland had all but disappeared and a renewed Irish culture and language, albeit with Norman influences, was dominant again. English Crown control remained relatively unshaken in an amorphous foothold around Dublin known as The Pale and under the provisions of Poynings' Law of 1494, the Irish Parliamentary legislation was subject to the approval of the English Parliament.



The Kingdom of Ireland

The title of King of Ireland was re-created in 1542 by Henry VIII, then King of England, of the Tudor dynasty. English rule of law was reinforced and expanded in Ireland during the latter part of the 16th century, leading to the Tudor conquest of Ireland. A near complete conquest was achieved by the turn of the 17th century, following the Nine Years' War and the Flight of the Earls.

This control was further consolidated during the wars and conflicts of the 17th century, which witnessed English and Scottish colonisation in the Plantations of Ireland, the Wars of the Three Kingdoms and the Williamite War. Irish losses during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms are estimated to include 20,000 battlefield casualties. 200,000 civilians are estimated to have died as a result of a combination of war-related famine, displacement, guerrilla activity and pestilence over the duration of the war. A further 50,000 were sent to slavery in the West Indies. Some historians estimate that as much as half of the pre-war population of Ireland may have died as a result of the conflict.

The religious struggles of the 17th century left a deep sectarian division in Ireland. Religious allegiance now determined the perception in law of loyalty to the Irish King and Parliament. After the passing of the Test Act 1672, and with the victory of the forces of the dual monarchy of William and Mary over the Jacobites, Roman Catholics and nonconforming Protestant Dissenters were barred from sitting as members in the Irish Parliament. Under the emerging penal laws Irish Roman Catholics and Dissenters were increasingly deprived of various and sundry civil rights even to the ownership of hereditary property. Additional regressive punitive legislation followed 1703, 1709 and 1728. This completed a comprehensive systemic effort to materially disadvantage Roman Catholics and Protestant Dissenters, while enriching a new ruling class of Anglican conformists. The new Anglo-Irish ruling class became known as the Protestant Ascendancy.

An extraordinary climatic shock known as the "Great Frost" struck Ireland and the rest of Europe between December 1739 and September 1741, after a decade of relatively mild winters. The winters destroyed stored crops of potatoes and other staples and the poor summers severely damaged harvests. This resulted in the famine of 1740. An estimated 250,000 people died from the ensuing pestilence and disease. The Irish government halted export of corn and kept the army in quarters but did little more. Local gentry and charitable organisations provided relief but could do little to prevent the ensuing mortality.

In the aftermath of the famine, an increase in industrial production and a surge in trade brought a succession of construction booms. The population soared in the latter part of this century and the architectural legacy of Georgian Ireland was built. In 1782, Poynings' Law was repealed, giving Ireland legislative independence from Great Britain for the first time since 1495. The British government, however, still retained the right to nominate the government of Ireland without the consent of the Irish parliament.

In 1798, members of the Protestant Dissenter tradition made common cause with Roman Catholics in a republican rebellion inspired and led by the Society of United Irishmen, with the aim of creating an independent Ireland. Despite assistance from France the rebellion was put down by British and Irish government and yeomanry forces. In 1800, the British and Irish parliaments both passed Acts of Union that, with effect from 1 January 1801, merged the Kingdom of Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain to create a United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.



Union with Great Britain

The passage of the Act in the Irish Parliament was ultimately achieved with substantial majorities, having failed on the first attempt in 1799. According to contemporary documents and historical analysis, this was achieved through a considerable degree of bribery, with funding provided by the British Secret Service Office, and the awarding of peerages, places and honours to secure votes. Thus, Ireland became part of an extended United Kingdom, ruled directly by a united parliament at Westminster in London, though resistance remained, as evidenced by Robert Emmet's failed Irish Rebellion of 1803.

Aside from the development of the linen industry, Ireland was largely passed over by the industrial revolution, partly because it lacked coal and iron resources and partly because of the impact of the sudden union with the structurally superior economy of England, which saw Ireland as a source of agricultural produce and capital.

The Great Famine of the 1840s caused the deaths of one million Irish people and over a million more emigrated to escape it. By the end of the decade, half of all immigration to the United States was from Ireland. The period of civil unrest that followed until the end of the 19th century is referred to as the Land War. Mass emigration became deeply entrenched and the population continued to decline until the mid-20th century. Immediately prior to the famine the population was recorded as 8.2 million by the 1841 census. The population has never returned to this level since. The population continued to fall until 1961 and it was not until the 2006 census that the last county of Ireland to record a rise in population since 1841 did so.

The 19th and early 20th centuries saw the rise of modern Irish nationalism, primarily among the Roman Catholic population. The pre-eminent Irish political figure after the Union was Daniel O'Connell. He was elected as Member of Parliament for Ennis in a surprise result and despite being unable to take his seat as a Roman Catholic. O'Connell spearheaded a vigorous campaign that was taken up by the Prime Minister, the Irish-born soldier and statesman, the Duke of Wellington. Steering the Catholic Relief Bill through Parliament, aided by future prime minister Robert Peel, Wellington prevailed upon a reluctant George IV to sign the Bill and proclaim it into law. George's father had opposed the plan of the earlier Prime Minister, Pitt the Younger, to introduce such a bill following the Union of 1801, fearing Catholic Emancipation to be in conflict with the Act of Settlement 1701.

Daniel O'Connell led a subsequent campaign, for the repeal of the Act of Union, which failed. Later in the century, Charles Stewart Parnell and others campaigned for autonomy within the Union, or "Home Rule". Unionists, especially those located in Ulster, were strongly opposed to Home Rule, which they thought would be dominated by Catholic interests. After several attempts to pass a Home Rule bill through parliament, it looked certain that one would finally pass in 1914. To prevent this from happening, the Ulster Volunteers were formed in 1913 under the leadership of Edward Carson.

Their formation was followed in 1914 by the establishment of the Irish Volunteers, whose aim was to ensure that the Home Rule Bill was passed. The Act was passed but with the "temporary" exclusion of the six counties of Ulster that would become Northern Ireland. Before it could be implemented, however, the Act was suspended for the duration of the First World War. The Irish Volunteers split into two groups. The majority, approximately 175,000 in number, under John Redmond, took the name National Volunteers and supported Irish involvement in the war. A minority, approximately 13,000, retained the Irish Volunteers' name, and opposed Ireland's involvement in the war.

The Easter Rising of 1916 was carried out by the latter group together with a smaller socialist militia, the Irish Citizen Army. The British response, executing fifteen leaders of the Rising over a period of ten days and imprisoning or interning more than a thousand people, turned the mood of the country in favour of the rebels. Support for Irish republicanism increased further due to the ongoing war in Europe, as well as the Conscription Crisis of 1918.

The pro-independence republican party, Sinn Féin, received overwhelming endorsement in the general election of 1918, and in 1919 proclaimed an Irish Republic, setting up its own parliament and government. Simultaneously the Volunteers, which became known as the Irish Republican Army , launched a three-year guerrilla war, which ended in a truce in July 1921 .

In December 1921, the Anglo-Irish Treaty was concluded between the British Government and representatives of the Second Dáil. It gave Ireland complete independence in its home affairs and practical independence for foreign policy, but an opt-out clause allowed Northern Ireland to remain within the United Kingdom, which it immediately exercised as expected. Additionally, an oath of allegiance to the King was to be taken. Disagreements over these provisions led to a split in the nationalist movement and a subsequent Irish Civil War between the new government of the Irish Free State and those opposed to the treaty, led by Éamon de Valera. The civil war officially ended in May 1923 when de Valera issued a cease-fire order.



Partition

Independent Ireland

During its first decade the newly formed Irish Free State was governed by the victors of the civil war. When de Valera achieved power, he took advantage of the Statute of Westminster and political circumstances to build upon inroads to greater sovereignty made by the previous government. The oath was abolished and in 1937 a new constitution was adopted. This completed a process of gradual separation from the British Empire that governments had pursued since independence. However, it was not until 1949 that the state was declared, officially, to be the Republic of Ireland.

The state was neutral during World War II, but offered clandestine assistance to the Allies, particularly in the potential defence of Northern Ireland. Despite being neutral, approximately 50,000 volunteers from independent Ireland joined the British forces during the war, four being awarded Victoria Crosses.

German Intelligence was also active in Ireland. German intelligence operations effectively ended in September 1941 when police made arrests on the basis of surveillance carried out on the key diplomatic legations in Ireland, including that of the United States. To the authorities counterintelligence was a fundamental line of defence. With a regular army of only slightly over seven thousand men at the start of the war, and with limited supplies of modern weapons, the state would have had great difficulty in defending itself from invasion from either side of the conflict.

Large-scale emigration marked the 1950s and 1980s, but beginning in 1987 the economy improved, and the 1990s saw the beginning of substantial economic growth. This period of growth became known as the Celtic Tiger. The Republic's real GDP grew by an average of 9.6% per annum between 1995 and 1999, in which year the Republic joined the euro. In 2000 Ireland was the sixth-richest country in the world in terms of GDP per capita.

Social changes followed quickly on the heels of economic prosperity, ranging from the 'modernisation' of the annual parade in Dublin to mark the principal national holiday of Saint Patrick's Day , to the decline in authority of the Catholic Church. The financial crisis that began in 2008 dramatically ended this period of boom. GDP fell by 3% in 2008 and by 7.1% in 2009, the worst year since records began . The state has since experienced deep recession, with unemployment, which doubled during 2009, remaining above 14% in 2012.



Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland was created as a division of the United Kingdom by the Government of Ireland Act 1920 and until 1972 it was a self-governing jurisdiction within the United Kingdom with its own parliament and prime minister. Northern Ireland, as part of the United Kingdom, was not neutral during the Second World War and Belfast suffered four bombing raids in 1941. Conscription was not extended to Northern Ireland and roughly an equal number volunteered from Northern Ireland as volunteered from the south. One, James Joseph Magennis, received the Victoria Cross for valour.

Although Northern Ireland was largely spared the strife of the civil war, in decades that followed partition there were sporadic episodes of inter-communal violence. Nationalists, mainly Roman Catholic, wanted to unite Ireland as an independent republic, whereas unionists, mainly Protestant, wanted Northern Ireland to remain in the United Kingdom. The Protestant and Catholic communities in Northern Ireland voted largely along sectarian lines, meaning that the Government of Northern Ireland was controlled by the Ulster Unionist Party. Over time, the minority Catholic community felt increasingly alienated with further disaffection fuelled by practices such as gerrymandering and discrimination in housing and employment.

In the late 1960s, nationalist grievances were aired publicly in mass civil rights protests, which were often confronted by loyalist counter-protests. The government's reaction to confrontations was seen to be one-sided and heavy-handed in favour of unionists. Law and order broke down as unrest and inter-communal violence increased. The Northern Ireland government requested the British Army to aid the police, who were exhausted after several nights of serious rioting. In 1969, the paramilitary Provisional IRA, which favoured the creation of a united Ireland, emerged from a split in the Irish Republican Army and began a campaign against what it called the "British occupation of the six counties".

Other groups, on both the unionist side and the nationalist side, participated in violence and a period known as the Troubles began. Over 3,600 deaths resulted over the subsequent three decades of conflict. Owing to the civil unrest during the Troubles, the British government suspended home rule in 1972 and imposed direct rule. There were several unsuccessful attempts to end the Troubles politically, such as the Sunningdale Agreement of 1973. In 1998, following a ceasefire by the Provisional IRA and multi-party talks, the Good Friday Agreement was concluded as a treaty between the British and Irish governments, annexing the text agreed in the multi-party talks.

The substance of the Agreement was later endorsed by referendums in both parts of Ireland. The Agreement restored self-government to Northern Ireland on the basis of power-sharing in a regional Executive drawn from the major parties in a new Northern Ireland Assembly, with entrenched protections for the two main communities. The Executive is jointly headed by a First Minister and deputy First Minister drawn from the unionist and nationalist parties. Violence had decreased greatly after the Provisional IRA and loyalist ceasefires in 1994 and in 2005 the Provisional IRA announced the end of its armed campaign and an independent commission supervised its disarmament and that of other nationalist and unionist paramilitary organisations.

The Assembly and power-sharing Executive were suspended several times but were restored again in 2007. In that year the British government officially ended its military support of the police in Northern Ireland and began withdrawing troops. On 27 June 2012, Northern Ireland's deputy first minister and former IRA commander, Martin McGuinness, shook hands with Queen Elizabeth II in Belfast, symbolising reconciliation between the two sides.



Politics

Politically, the island is divided between Ireland and Northern Ireland . They share an open border and both are part of the Common Travel Area.

Both Ireland and the United Kingdom are members of the European Union, and as a consequence there is free movement of people, goods, services and capital across the border.



Republic of Ireland

The Republic of Ireland is a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminister model with a written constitution and a popularly elected president who has mostly ceremonial powers. The Government is headed by a prime minister, the Taoiseach, who is appointed by the President on the nomination of the lower house of parliament, the Dáil. Members of the government are chosen from both the Dáil and the upper house of parliament, the Seanad. Its capital is Dublin.

Ireland today ranks amongst the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita and in 2012 was ranked the seventh most developed nation in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index. A period of rapid economic expansion from 1995 onwards became known as the Celtic Tiger period, was brought to an end in 2008 with an unprecedented financial crisis and an economic depression in 2009.



Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom with a local executive and assembly which exercise devolved powers. The executive is jointly headed by the first and deputy-first minister, with the ministries being allocated in proportion with each party's representation in the assembly. Its capital is Belfast.

Ultimately political power is held by the UK government, from which Northern Ireland has gone through intermittent periods of direct rule during which devolved powers have been suspended. Northern Ireland elects 18 of the UK House of Commons' 650 MPs. The Northern Ireland Secretary is a cabinet-level post in the British government.

Along with England and Wales and Scotland, Northern Ireland forms one of the three separate legal jurisdictions of the UK, all of which share the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom as their court of final appeal.



All-island institutions

As part of the Good Friday Agreement, the British and Irish governments agreed on the creation of all-island institutions and areas of cooperation.

The North/South Ministerial Council is an institution through which ministers from the Government of Ireland and the Northern Ireland Executive agree all-island policies. At least six of these policy areas must have an associated all-island "implementation bodies" and at least six others must be implemented separately in each jurisdiction. The implementation bodies are: Waterways Ireland, the Food Safety Promotion Board, InterTradeIreland, the Special European Union Programmes Body, the North/South Language Body and the Foyle, Carlingford and Irish Lights Commission.

The British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference provides for co-operation between the Government of Ireland and the Government of the United Kingdom on all matter of mutual interest, especially Northern Ireland. In light of Ireland's particular interest in the governance of Northern Ireland, "regular and frequent" meetings co-chaired by the Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs and the UK Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, dealing with non-devolved matters to do with Northern Ireland and non-devolved all-Ireland issues, are required to take place under the establishing treaty.

The North/South Inter-Parliamentary Association is a joint parliamentary forum for the island of Ireland. It has no formal powers but operates as a forum for discussing matters of common concern between the respective legislatures.



Economy

Despite the two jurisdictions using two distinct currencies , a growing amount of commercial activity is carried out on an all-island basis. This has been facilitated by the two jurisdictions' shared membership of the European Union, and there have been calls from members of the business community and policymakers for the creation of an "all-island economy" to take advantage of economies of scale and boost competitiveness.



Energy

Ireland has an ancient industry based on peat as a source of energy for home fires. A form of biomass energy, this source of heat is still widely used in rural areas. In cities, heat is generally supplied by heating oil, although some urban suppliers distribute "sods of turf" as "smokeless fuel."

An area in which the island operates as a single market is electricity. For much of their existence electricity networks in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland were entirely separate. Both networks were designed and constructed independently post partition. However, as a result of changes over recent years they are now connected with three interlinks and also connected through Great Britain to mainland Europe. The situation in Northern Ireland is complicated by the issue of private companies not supplying Northern Ireland Electricity with enough power. In the Republic of Ireland, the ESB has failed to modernise its power stations and the availability of power plants has recently averaged only 66%, one of the worst such rates in Western Europe. EirGrid is building a HVDC transmission line between Ireland and Great Britain with a capacity of 500 MW, about 10% of Ireland's peak demand.

As with electricity, the natural gas distribution network is also now all-island, with a pipeline linking Gormanston, County Meath, and Ballyclare, County Antrim completed in 2007. Most of Ireland's gas comes through interconnectors between Twynholm in Scotland and Ballylumford, County Antrim and Loughshinny, County Dublin. A decreasing supply is coming from the Kinsale gas field off the County Cork coast and the Corrib Gas Field off the coast of County Mayo has yet to come on-line. The County Mayo field is facing some localised opposition over a controversial decision to refine the gas onshore.

The Republic of Ireland has shown a strong commitment to renewable energy, ranking as one of the top 10 markets for cleantech investment in the 2014 Global Green Economy Index. Research and development in Ireland in renewable energy such as wind power has increased since 2004. Large wind farms are being constructed in coastal counties such as Cork, Donegal, Mayo and Antrim. The construction of wind farms has in some cases been delayed by opposition from local communities, some of whom overall consider the wind turbines to be unsightly. The Republic of Ireland is also hindered by an ageing network that was not designed to handle the varying availability of power that comes from wind farms. The ESB's Turlough Hill facility is the only power-storage facility in the state.



Geography

The island of Ireland is located in western Europe, between latitudes 51° and 56° N, and longitudes 11° and 5° W. It is separated from the neighbouring island of Great Britain by the Irish Sea and the North Channel, which has a width of 23 kilometres at its narrowest point. To the west is the northern Atlantic Ocean and to the south is the Celtic Sea, which lies between Ireland and Brittany, in France. Ireland has a total area of 84,421 km Ireland and Great Britain, together with many nearby smaller islands, are known collectively as the British Isles. As the term British Isles is controversial in relation to Ireland, the alternate term Britain and Ireland is often used as a neutral term for the islands.

A ring of coastal mountains surround low plains at the centre of the island. The highest of these is Carrauntoohil in County Kerry, which rises to 1,038 m above sea level. The most arable land lies in the province of Leinster. Western areas can be mountainous and rocky with green panoramic vistas. The River Shannon, the island's longest river at 386 km long, rises in County Cavan in the north west and flows 113 kilometres to Limerick city in the mid west.

The island's lush vegetation, a product of its mild climate and frequent rainfall, earns it the sobriquet the Emerald Isle. Overall, Ireland has a mild but changeable oceanic climate with few extremes. The climate is typically insular and is temperate avoiding the extremes in temperature of many other areas in the world at similar latitudes. This is a result of the moderating moist winds which ordinarily prevail from the South-Western Atlantic.

Precipitation falls throughout the year but is light overall, particularly in the east. The west tends to be wetter on average and prone to Atlantic storms, especially in the late autumn and winter months. These occasionally bring destructive winds and higher total rainfall to these areas, as well as sometimes snow and hail. The regions of north County Galway and east County Mayo have the highest incidents of recorded lightning annually for the island, with lightning occurring approximately five to ten days per year in these areas. Munster, in the south, records the least snow whereas Ulster, in the north, records the most.

Inland areas are warmer in summer and colder in winter. Usually around 40 days of the year are below freezing at inland weather stations, compared to 10 days at coastal stations. Ireland is sometimes affected by heat waves, most recently in 1995, 2003, 2006 and 2013. In common with the rest of Europe, Ireland experienced unusually cold weather during the winter of 2009/10. Temperatures fell as low as −17.2 °C in County Mayo on 20 December and up to a metre of snow in mountainous areas.

The island consists of varied geological provinces. In the far west, around County Galway and County Donegal, is a medium to high grade metamorphic and igneous complex of Caledonide affinity, similar to the Scottish Highlands. Across southeast Ulster and extending southwest to Longford and south to Navan is a province of Ordovician and Silurian rocks, with similarities to the Southern Uplands province of Scotland. Further south, along the County Wexford coastline, is an area of granite intrusives into more Ordovician and Silurian rocks, like that found in Wales.

In the southwest, around Bantry Bay and the mountains of Macgillicuddy's Reeks, is an area of substantially deformed, but only lightly metamorphosed, Devonian-aged rocks. This partial ring of "hard rock" geology is covered by a blanket of Carboniferous limestone over the centre of the country, giving rise to a comparatively fertile and lush landscape. The west-coast district of the Burren around Lisdoonvarna has well-developed karst features. Significant stratiform lead-zinc mineralisation is found in the limestones around Silvermines and Tynagh.

Hydrocarbon exploration is ongoing following the first major find at the Kinsale Head gas field off Cork in the mid-1970s. In 1999, economically significant finds of natural gas were made in the Corrib Gas Field off the County Mayo coast. This has increased activity off the west coast in parallel with the "West of Shetland" step-out development from the North Sea hydrocarbon province. The Helvick oil field, estimated to contain over 28 million barrels of oil, is another recent discovery.

  • Landscapes


  • The rugged hills of Connemara, County Galway


  • South Kildare countryside


Places of interest

There are three World Heritage Sites on the island: the Brú na Boinne, Skellig Michael and the Giant's Causeway. A number of other places are on the tentative list, for example the Burren, the Ceide Fields and Mount Stewart.

Some of the most visited sites in Ireland include Bunratty Castle, the Rock of Cashel, the Cliffs of Moher, Holy Cross Abbey and Blarney Castle. Historically important monastic sites include Glendalough and Clonmacnoise, which are maintained as national monuments in the Republic of Ireland.

Dublin is the most heavily touristed region and home to several of the most popular attractions such as the Guinness Storehouse and Book of Kells. The west and south west, which includes the Lakes of Killarney and the Dingle peninsula in County Kerry and Connemara and the Aran Islands in County Galway, are also popular tourist destinations.

Achill Island lies off the coast of County Mayo and is Ireland's largest island. It is a popular tourist destination for surfing and contains 5 Blue Flag beaches and Croaghaun one of the worlds highest sea cliffs. Stately homes, built during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries in Palladian, Neoclassical and neo-Gothic styles, such as, Castle Ward, Castletown House, Bantry House, Glenveagh Castle are also of interest to tourists. Some have been converted into hotels, such as Ashford Castle, Castle Leslie and Dromoland Castle.

  • World Heritage Sites


  • Giant's Causeway, County Antrim


  • Skellig Michael, County Kerry


  • Brú na Bóinne, County Meath


Flora and fauna

Because Ireland became isolated from mainland Europe by rising sea levels before the last ice age had completely finished, it has fewer land animal and plant species than Great Britain, which separated later, or mainland Europe. There are 55 mammal species in Ireland and of them only 26 land mammal species are considered native to Ireland. Some species, such as, the red fox, hedgehog and badger, are very common, whereas others, like the Irish hare, red deer and pine marten are less so. Aquatic wildlife, such as species of sea turtle, shark, seal, whale, and dolphin, are common off the coast. About 400 species of birds have been recorded in Ireland. Many of these are migratory, including the barn swallow. Most of Ireland's bird species come from Iceland, Greenland and Africa.

Several different habitat types are found in Ireland, including farmland, open woodland, temperate broadleaf and mixed forests, conifer plantations, peat bogs and a variety of coastal habitats. However, agriculture drives current land use patterns in Ireland, limiting natural habitat preserves, particularly for larger wild mammals with greater territorial needs. With no large apex predators in Ireland other than humans and dogs, such populations of animals as semi-wild deer that cannot be controlled by smaller predators, such as the fox, are controlled by annual culling.

There are no snakes in Ireland and only one species of reptile is native to the island. Extinct species include the Irish elk, the great auk and the wolf. Some previously extinct birds, such as the golden eagle, been reintroduced in about the year 2000 after decades of extirpation. Until medieval times Ireland was heavily forested with oak, pine and birch. Forests today cover about 12.6% of Ireland, of which 4,450 km² or one million acres is owned by Coillte, the Republic's forestry service.

The Republic lies in 42nd place in a list of the most forested countries in Europe. Much of the land is now covered with pasture and there are many species of wild-flower. Gorse , a wild furze, is commonly found growing in the uplands and ferns are plentiful in the more moist regions, especially in the western parts. It is home to hundreds of plant species, some of them unique to the island, and has been "invaded" by some grasses, such as Spartina anglica.

The algal and seaweed flora is that of the cold-temperate variety. The total number of species is 574 and is distributed as follows:

  • 264 Rhodophyta
  • 152 Phaeophyceae
  • 114 Chloropyta
  • 31 Cyanophyta

Rarer species include:

  • Itonoa marginifera Masuda & Guiry
  • Schmitzia hiscockiana Maggs & Guiry
  • Gelidiella calcicola Maggs & Guiry
  • Gelidium maggsiae Rico & Guiry
  • Halymenia latifolia P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan ex Kützing.

The island has been invaded by some algae, some of which are now well established. For example:

  • Asparagopsis armara Harvey, which originated in Australia and was first recorded by M. De Valera in 1939
  • Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau, which is now locally abundant and first recorded in the 1930s
  • Sargassum muticum Fensholt, now well established in a number of localities on the south, west, and north-east coasts
  • Codium fragile ssp. fragile , now well established.

Codium fragile ssp. atlanticum has been established to be native, although for many years it was regarded as an alien species.

Because of its mild climate, many species, including sub-tropical species such as palm trees, are grown in Ireland. Phytogeographically, Ireland belongs to the Atlantic European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. The island itself can be subdivided into two ecoregions: the Celtic broadleaf forests and North Atlantic moist mixed forests.



Impact of agriculture

The long history of agricultural production, coupled with modern intensive agricultural methods such as pesticide and fertiliser use and runoff from contaminants into streams, rivers and lakes, impact the natural fresh-water ecosystems and have placed pressure on biodiversity in Ireland.

A land of green fields for crop cultivation and cattle rearing limits the space available for the establishment of native wild species. Hedgerows, however, traditionally used for maintaining and demarcating land boundaries, act as a refuge for native wild flora. This ecosystem stretches across the countryside and acts as a network of connections to preserve remnants of the ecosystem that once covered the island. Subsidies under the Common Agricultural Policy, which supported agricultural practices that preserved hedgerow environments, are undergoing reforms. The Common Agricultural Policy had in the past subsidised potentially destructive agricultural practices, for example by emphasising production without placing limits on indiscriminate use of fertilisers and pesticides; but reforms have gradually decoupled subsidies from production levels and introduced environmental and other requirements.

Forest covers about 12.6% of the country, most of it designated for commercial production. Forested areas typically consist of monoculture plantations of non-native species, which may result in habitats that are not suitable for supporting native species of invertebrates. Remnants of native forest can be found scattered around the island, in particular in the Killarney National Park. Natural areas require fencing to prevent over-grazing by deer and sheep that roam over uncultivated areas. Grazing in this manner is one of the main factors preventing the natural regeneration of forests across many regions of the country.



Demographics

People have lived in Ireland for over 9,000 years. The different eras are termed mesolithic, neolithic, Bronze Age, and Iron Age.

Early historical and genealogical records note the existence of major groups such as the Cruthin, Corcu Loígde, Dál Riata, Dáirine, Deirgtine, Delbhna, Érainn, Laigin, Ulaid. Slightly later major groups included the Connachta, Ciannachta, Eóganachta.

Smaller groups included the aithechthúatha , Cálraighe, Cíarraige, Conmaicne, Dartraighe, Déisi, Éile, Fir Bolg, Fortuatha, Gailenga, Gamanraige, Mairtine, Múscraige, Partraige, Soghain, Uaithni, Uí Maine, Uí Liatháin. Whle many survived into late medieval times, others vanished as they became politically unimportant.

Over the past 1200 years, Vikings, Normans, Welsh, Flemings, Scots, English, Africans, Eastern Europeans and South Americans have all added to the population and have had significant influences on Irish culture.

Ireland's largest religious group is Christianity. The largest denomination is Roman Catholicism representing over 73% for the island . Most of the rest of the population adhere to one of the various Protestant denominations . The largest is the Anglican Church of Ireland. The Muslim community is growing in Ireland, mostly through increased immigration, with a 50% increase in the republic between the 2006 and 2011 census. The island has a small Jewish community. About 4% of the Republic's population and about 14% of the Northern Ireland population describe themselves as of no religion. In a 2010 survey conducted on behalf of the Irish Times, 32% of respondents said they went to a religious service more than once a week.

The population of Ireland rose rapidly from the 16th century until the mid-19th century, but a devastating famine in the 1840s caused one million deaths and forced over one million more to emigrate in its immediate wake. Over the following century the population was reduced by over half, at a time when the general trend in European countries was for populations to rise by an average of three-fold.



Divisions and settlements

Traditionally, Ireland is subdivided into four provinces: Connacht , Leinster , Munster , and Ulster . In a system that developed between the 13th and 17th centuries, Ireland has 32 traditional counties. Twenty-six of these counties are in the Republic of Ireland and six are in Northern Ireland. The six counties that constitute Northern Ireland are all in the province of Ulster . As such, Ulster is often used as a synonym for Northern Ireland, although the two are not coterminous.

In the Republic of Ireland, counties form the basis of the system of local government. Counties Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway, Waterford and Tipperary have been broken up into smaller administrative areas. However, they are still treated as counties for cultural and some official purposes, for example postal addresses and by the Ordnance Survey Ireland. Counties in Northern Ireland are no longer used for local governmental purposes, but, as in the Republic, their traditional boundaries are still used for informal purposes such as sports leagues and in cultural or tourism contexts.

City status in Ireland is decided by legislative or royal charter. Dublin, with over 1 million residents in the Greater Dublin Area, is the largest city on the island. Belfast, with 579,726 residents, is the largest city in Northern Ireland. City status does not directly equate with population size. For example, Armagh, with 14,590 is the seat of the Church of Ireland and the Roman Catholic Primate of All Ireland and was re-granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II in 1994 . In the Republic of Ireland, Kilkenny, seat of the Butler dynasty, while no longer a city for administrative purposes , is entitled by law to continue to use the description.



Migration

The population of Ireland collapsed dramatically during the second half of the 19th century. A population of over 8 million in 1841 was reduced to slightly more than 4 million by 1921. In part, the fall in population was due to death from the Great Famine of 1845 to 1852, which took about 1 million lives. However, by far the greater cause of population decline was the dire economic state of the country which led to an entrenched culture of emigration lasting until the 21st century.

Emigration from Ireland in the 19th century contributed to the populations of England, the United States, Canada and Australia, where a large Irish diaspora lives. As of 2006, 4.3 million Canadians, or 14% of the population, are of Irish descent. As of 2013, a total of 34.5 million Americans claim Irish ancestry.

With growing prosperity since the last decade of the 20th century, Ireland became a destination for immigrants. Since the European Union expanded to include Poland in 2004, Polish people have made up the largest number of immigrants from Central Europe. There has also been significant immigration from Lithuania, the Czech Republic and Latvia.

The Republic of Ireland in particular has seen large-scale immigration, with 420,000 foreign nationals as of 2006, about 10% of the population. A quarter of births in 2009 were to mothers born outside of Ireland. Chinese and Nigerians, along with people from other African countries, have accounted for a large proportion of the non–European Union migrants to Ireland. Up to 50,000 eastern and central European migrant workers left Ireland in response to the Irish financial crisis.



Languages

Two main languages are spoken in Ireland: Irish and English. Both languages have widely contributed to literature. Irish, now a minority but official language of the Republic of Ireland, was the vernacular of the Irish people for over two thousand years and was probably introduced by some sort of proto-Gaelic migration during the Iron Age, possibly earlier. It began to be written down after Christianisation in the 5th century and spread to Scotland and the Isle of Man where it evolved into the Scottish Gaelic and Manx languages respectively.

The Irish language has a vast treasure of written texts from many centuries, and is divided by linguists into Old Irish from the 6th to 10th century, Middle Irish from the 10th to 13th century, Early Modern Irish until the 17th century, and the Modern Irish spoken today. It remained the dominant language of Ireland for most of those periods, having influences from Latin, Old Norse, French and English. It declined under British rule but remained the majority tongue until the early 19th century, and since then has been a minority language, although revival efforts are continuing in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

Gaeltacht or Irish-speaking areas are still seeing a decline in the language. The main Gaeltacht areas are down the west of the country, in Donegal, Mayo, Galway and Kerry. Irish language is a compulsory subject in the state education system in the Republic, and the Gaelscoil movement has seen many Irish medium schools established in both jurisdictions.

English was first introduced to Ireland in the Norman invasion. It was spoken by a few peasants and merchants brought over from England, and was largely replaced by Irish before the Tudor Conquest of Ireland. It was introduced as the official language with the Tudor and Cromwellian conquests. The Ulster plantations gave it a permanent foothold in Ulster, and it remained the official and upper-class language elsewhere, the Irish-speaking chieftains and nobility having been deposed. Language shift during the 19th century replaced Irish with English as the first language for a vast majority of the population.

Less than 10% of the population of the Republic of Ireland today speak Irish regularly outside of the education system and 38% of those over 15 years are classified as "Irish speakers." In Northern Ireland, English is the de facto official language, but official recognition is afforded to Irish, including specific protective measures under Part III of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. A lesser status is given to Ulster Scots dialects, which are spoken by roughly 2% of Northern Ireland residents, and also spoken by some in the Republic of Ireland. Since the 1960s with the increase in immigration, many more languages have been introduced, particularly deriving from Asia and Eastern Europe.



Culture

Ireland's culture comprises elements of the culture of ancient peoples, later immigrant and broadcast cultural influences . In broad terms, Ireland is regarded as one of the Celtic nations of Europe with Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, Isle of Man and Brittany. This combination of cultural influences is visible in the intricate designs termed Irish interlace or Celtic knotwork. These can be seen in the ornamentation of medieval religious and secular works. The style is still popular today in jewellery and graphic art, as is the distinctive style of traditional Irish music and dance, and has become indicative of modern "Celtic" culture in general.

Religion has played a significant role in the cultural life of the island since ancient times . Ireland's pre-Christian heritage fused with the Celtic Church following the missions of Saint Patrick in the 5th century. The Hiberno-Scottish missions, begun by the Irish monk Saint Columba, spread the Irish vision of Christianity to pagan England and the Frankish Empire. These missions brought written language to an illiterate population of Europe during the Dark Ages that followed the fall of Rome, earning Ireland the sobriquet, "the island of saints and scholars". Since the 20th century the Irish pubs worldwide have become, especially those with a full range of cultural and gastronomic offerings, outposts of Irish culture.

The Republic of Ireland's national theatre is the Abbey Theatre founded in 1904 and the national Irish-language theatre is An Taibhdhearc, established in 1928 in Galway. Playwrights such as Seán O'Casey, Brian Friel, Sebastian Barry, Conor McPherson and Billy Roche are internationally renowned.



Art

Ireland has made a large contribution to world literature in all its branches, particularly in the English language. Poetry in Irish is the oldest vernacular poetry in Europe, with the earliest examples dating from the 6th century. In English, Jonathan Swift, still often called the foremost satirist in the English language, was wildly popular in his day for works such as Gulliver's Travels and A Modest Proposal and Oscar Wilde is known most for his often quoted witticisms.

In the 20th century, Ireland produced four winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature: George Bernard Shaw, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett and Seamus Heaney. Although not a Nobel Prize winner, James Joyce is widely considered to be one of the most significant writers of the 20th century. Joyce's 1922 novel Ulysses is considered one of the most important works of Modernist literature and his life is celebrated annually on 16 June in Dublin as "Bloomsday". Modern Irish literature is often connected with its rural heritage through writers such as John McGahern and poets such as Seamus Heaney.

Irish traditional music and dance has seen a surge in popularity and global coverage, including through the phenomenon of Riverdance, a theatrical performance of Irish traditional dancing. In the middle years of the 20th century, as Irish society was modernising, traditional music fell out of favour, especially in urban areas. However during the 1960s, inspired by the American folk music movement, there was a revival of interest in Irish traditional music led by groups such as The Dubliners, The Chieftains, Emmet Spiceland, The Wolfe Tones, the Clancy Brothers, Sweeney's Men and individuals like Seán Ó Riada and Christy Moore.

Groups and musicians including Horslips, Van Morrison and Thin Lizzy incorporated elements of Irish traditional music into contemporary rock music and, during the 1970s and 1980s, the distinction between traditional and rock musicians became blurred, with many individuals regularly crossing over between these styles of playing. This trend can be seen more recently in the work of artists like Enya, The Saw Doctors, The Corrs, Sinéad O'Connor, Clannad, The Cranberries, Black 47 and The Pogues among others.

During the 1990s a subgenre of folk metal emerged in Ireland that fused heavy metal music with Irish and Celtic music. The pioneers of this subgenre were Cruachan, Primordial, and Waylander. Some contemporary music groups stick closer to a "traditional" sound, including Altan, Téada, Danú, Dervish, Lúnasa, and Solas. Others incorporate multiple cultures in a fusion of styles, such as Afro Celt Sound System and Kíla.

The earliest known Irish graphic art and sculpture are Neolithic carvings found at sites such as Newgrange and is traced through Bronze age artefacts and the religious carvings and illuminated manuscripts of the medieval period. During the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, a strong tradition of painting emerged, including such figures as John Butler Yeats, William Orpen, Jack Yeats and Louis le Brocquy. Contemporary Irish visual artists of note include Sean Scully, Kevin Abosch, and Alice Maher.



Science

The Irish philosopher and theologian Johannes Scotus Eriugena was considered one of the leading intellectuals of his early Middle Ages. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, an Irish explorer, was one of the principal figures of Antarctic exploration. He, along with his expedition, made the first ascent of Mount Erebus and the discovery of the approximate location of the South Magnetic Pole. Robert Boyle was a 17th-century natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor and early gentleman scientist. He is largely regarded one of the founders of modern chemistry and is best known for the formulation of Boyle's law.

19th century physicist, John Tyndall, discovered the Tyndall effect. Father Nicholas Joseph Callan, Professor of Natural Philosophy in Maynooth College, is best known for his invention of the induction coil, transformer and he discovered an early method of galvanisation in the 19th century.

Other notable Irish physicists include Ernest Walton, winner of the 1951 Nobel Prize in Physics. With Sir John Douglas Cockcroft, he was the first to split the nucleus of the atom by artificial means and made contributions to the development of a new theory of wave equation. William Thomson, or Lord Kelvin, is the person whom the absolute temperature unit, the Kelvin, is named after. Sir Joseph Larmor, a physicist and mathematician, made innovations in the understanding of electricity, dynamics, thermodynamics and the electron theory of matter. His most influential work was Aether and Matter, a book on theoretical physics published in 1900.

George Johnstone Stoney introduced the term electron in 1891. John Stewart Bell was the originator of Bell's Theorem and a paper concerning the discovery of the Bell-Jackiw-Adler anomaly and was nominated for a Nobel prize. Notable mathematicians include Sir William Rowan Hamilton, famous for work in classical mechanics and the invention of quaternions. Francis Ysidro Edgeworth's contribution of the Edgeworth Box remains influential in neo-classical microeconomic theory to this day; while Richard Cantillon inspired Adam Smith, among others. John B. Cosgrave was a specialist in number theory and discovered a 2000-digit prime number in 1999 and a record composite Fermat number in 2003. John Lighton Synge made progress in different fields of science, including mechanics and geometrical methods in general relativity. He had mathematician John Nash as one of his students.

Ireland has nine universities, seven in the Republic of Ireland and two in Northern Ireland, including Trinity College, Dublin and the University College Dublin, as well as numerous third-level colleges and institutes and a branch of the Open University, the Open University in Ireland.



Sports

The island of Ireland fields a single international team in most sports. One notable exception to this is Association football, although both associations continued to field international teams under the name "Ireland" until the 1950s. An all-Ireland club competition for soccer, the Setanta Cup, was created in 2005.

Gaelic football is the most popular sport in Ireland in terms of match attendance and community involvement, with about 2,600 clubs on the island. In 2003 it represented 34% of total sports attendances at events in Ireland and abroad, followed by hurling at 23%, soccer at 16% and rugby at 8% and the All-Ireland Football Final is the most watched event in the sporting calendar. Soccer is the most widely played team game on the island, and the most popular in Northern Ireland. Swimming, golf, aerobics, soccer, cycling, Gaelic football and billiards/snooker are the sporting activities with the highest levels of playing participation. The sport is also the most notable exception where the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland field separate international teams.

Since the 1990s ice hockey has seen an increase in popularity, notably with the Belfast Giants ice hockey team in Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland have also produced two World Snooker Champions. Many other sports are also played and followed, including basketball, boxing, cricket, fishing, greyhound racing, handball, hockey, horse racing, motor sport, show jumping and tennis.



Field sports

Gaelic football, hurling and handball are the best-known of the Irish traditional sports, collectively known as Gaelic games. Gaelic games are governed by the Gaelic Athletic Association , with the exception of ladies' Gaelic football and camogie , which are governed by separate organisations. The headquarters of the GAA is located at the 82,500 capacity Croke Park in north Dublin. Many major GAA games are played there, including the semi-finals and finals of the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship and All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship. During the redevelopment of the Lansdowne Road stadium in 2007–10, international rugby and soccer were played there. All GAA players, even at the highest level, are amateurs, receiving no wages, although they are permitted to receive a limited amount of sport-related income from commercial sponsorship.

The Irish Football Association was originally the governing body for soccer across the island. The game has been played in an organised fashion in Ireland since the 1870s, with Cliftonville F.C. in Belfast being Ireland's oldest club. It was most popular, especially in its first decades, around Belfast and in Ulster. However, some clubs based outside Belfast thought that the IFA largely favoured Ulster-based clubs in such matters as selection for the national team. In 1921, following an incident in which, despite an earlier promise, the IFA moved an Irish Cup semi-final replay from Dublin to Belfast, Dublin-based clubs broke away to form the Football Association of the Irish Free State. Today the southern association is known as the Football Association of Ireland . Despite being initially blacklisted by the Home Nations' associations, the FAI was recognised by FIFA in 1923 and organised its first international fixture in 1926 . However, both the IFA and FAI continued to select their teams from the whole of Ireland, with some players earning international caps for matches with both teams. Both also referred to their respective teams as Ireland.

In 1950, FIFA directed the associations only to select players from within their respective territories and, in 1953, directed that the FAI's team be known only as "Republic of Ireland" and that the IFA's team be known as "Northern Ireland" . Northern Ireland qualified for the World Cup finals in 1958 , 1982 and 1986. The Republic qualified for the World Cup finals in 1990 , 1994, 2002 and the European Championships in 1988 and 2012. Across Ireland, there is significant interest in the English and, to a lesser extent, Scottish soccer leagues.

Unlike soccer, Ireland continues to field a single national rugby team and a single association, the Irish Rugby Football Union , governs the sport across the island. The Irish rugby team have played in every Rugby World Cup, making the quarter-finals in four of them. Ireland also hosted games during the 1991 and the 1999 Rugby World Cups . There are four professional Irish teams; all four play in the Magners League and at least three compete for the Heineken Cup. Irish rugby has become increasingly competitive at both the international and provincial levels since the sport went professional in 1994. During that time, Ulster , Munster and Leinster have won the Heineken Cup. In addition to this, the Irish International side has had increased success in the Six Nations Championship against the other European elite sides. This success, including Triple Crowns in 2004, 2006 and 2007, culminated with a clean sweep of victories, known as a Grand Slam, in 2009.

The Ireland cricket team was among the associate nations that qualified for the 2007 Cricket World Cup. It defeated Pakistan and finished second in its pool, earning a place in the Super 8 stage of the competition. The team also competed in the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 after jointly winning the qualifiers, where they also made the Super 8 stage. Ireland also won the 2009 ICC World Cup Qualifier to secure their place in the 2011 Cricket World Cup, as well as official ODI status through 2013. Kevin O'Brien scored the fastest century in Word Cup history , as Ireland produced one of the great upsets to defeat England by 3 wickets in the 2011 tournament

Rugby league in Ireland is governed by Rugby League Ireland, which runs the Irish Elite League, there are currently 20 teams across Ulster, Munster and Leinster. The Irish rugby league team is made up predominantly of players based in Ireland, England and Australia. Ireland reached the quarter-finals of the 2000 Rugby League World Cup as well as reaching the semi finals in the 2008 Rugby League World Cup.



Other sports

Horse racing and greyhound racing are both popular in Ireland. There are frequent horse race meetings and greyhound stadiums are well-attended. The island is noted for the breeding and training of race horses and is also a large exporter of racing dogs. The horse racing sector is largely concentrated in the County Kildare.

Irish athletics has seen a heightened success rate since the year 2000, with Sonia O'Sullivan winning two medals at 5,000 metres on the track; gold at the 1995 World Championships and silver at the 2000 Sydney Olympics. Gillian O'Sullivan won silver in the 20k walk at the 2003 World Championships, while sprint hurdler Derval O'Rourke won gold at the 2006 World Indoor Championship in Moscow. Olive Loughnane won a silver medal in the 20k walk in the World Athletics Championships in Berlin in 2009.

Ireland has won more medals in boxing than in any other Olympic sport. Boxing is governed by the Irish Amateur Boxing Association. Michael Carruth won a gold medal and Wayne McCullough won a silver medal in the Barcelona Olympic Games and in 2008 Kenneth Egan won a silver medal in the Beijing Games. Paddy Barnes secured bronze in those games and gold in the 2010 European Amateur Boxing Championships and 2010 Commonwealth Games. Katie Taylor has won gold in every European and World championship since 2005. In August 2012 at the Olympic Games in London Katie Taylor created history by becoming the first Irish woman to win a gold medal in boxing in the 60 kg lightweight.

Golf is very popular and golf tourism is a major industry attracting more than 240,000 golfing visitors annually. The 2006 Ryder Cup was held at The K Club in County Kildare. Pádraig Harrington became the first Irishman since Fred Daly in 1947 to win the British Open at Carnoustie in July 2007. He successfully defended his title in July 2008 before going on to win the PGA Championship in August. Harrington became the first European to win the PGA Championship in 78 years and was the first winner from Ireland. Three golfers from Northern Ireland have been particularly successful. In 2010, Graeme McDowell became the first Irish golfer to win the U.S. Open, and the first European to win that tournament since 1970. Rory McIlroy, at the age of 22, won the 2011 U.S. Open, while Darren Clarke's latest victory was the 2011 Open Championship at Royal St. George's. In August 2012, McIlroy won his 2nd major championship by winning the USPGA Championship by a record margin of 8 shots.

The west coast of Ireland, Lahinch and Donegal Bay in particular, have popular surfing beaches, being fully exposed to the Atlantic Ocean. Donegal Bay is shaped like a funnel and catches west/south-west Atlantic winds, creating good surf, especially in winter. Since just before the year 2010, Bundoran has hosted European championship surfing. Scuba diving is increasingly popular in Ireland with clear waters and large populations of sea life, particularly along the western seaboard. There are also many shipwrecks along the coast of Ireland, with some of the best wreck dives being in Malin Head and off the County Cork coast.

With thousands of lakes, over 14,000 kilometres of fish bearing rivers and over 3,700 kilometres of coastline, Ireland is a popular angling destination. The temperate Irish climate is suited to sport angling. While salmon and trout fishing remain popular with anglers, salmon fishing in particular received a boost in 2006 with the closing of the salmon driftnet fishery. Coarse fishing continues to increase its profile. Sea angling is developed with many beaches mapped and signposted, and the range of sea angling species is around 80.



Food and drink

Food and cuisine in Ireland takes its influence from the crops grown and animals farmed in the island's temperate climate and from the social and political circumstances of Irish history. For example, whilst from the Middle Ages until the arrival of the potato in the 16th century the dominant feature of the Irish economy was the herding of cattle, the number of cattle a person owned was equated to their social standing. Thus herders would avoid slaughtering a milk-producing cow.

For this reason, pork and white meat were more common than beef and thick fatty strips of salted bacon and the eating of salted butter have been a central feature of the diet in Ireland since the Middle Ages. The practice of bleeding cattle and mixing the blood with milk and butter was common and black pudding, made from blood, grain and seasoning, remains a breakfast staple in Ireland. All of these influences can be seen today in the phenomenon of the "breakfast roll".

The introduction of the potato in the second half of the 16th century heavily influenced cuisine thereafter. Great poverty encouraged a subsistence approach to food and by the mid-19th century the vast majority of the population sufficed with a diet of potatoes and milk. A typical family, consisting of a man, a woman and four children, would eat 18 stone of potatoes a week. Consequently, dishes that are considered as national dishes represent a fundamental unsophistication to cooking, such as the Irish stew, bacon and cabbage, boxty, a type of potato pancake, or colcannon, a dish of mashed potatoes and kale or cabbage.

Since the last quarter of the 20th century, with a re-emergence of wealth in Ireland, a "New Irish Cuisine" based on traditional ingredients incorporating international influences has emerged. This cuisine is based on fresh vegetables, fish , as well as traditional soda breads and the wide range of hand-made cheeses that are now being produced across the country. The potato remains however a fundamental feature of this cuisine and the Irish remain the highest per capita consumers of potatoes in Europe. An example of this new cuisine is "Dublin Lawyer": lobster cooked in whiskey and cream. Traditional regional foods can be found throughout the country, for example coddle in Dublin or drisheen in Cork, both a type of sausage, or blaa, a doughy white bread particular to Waterford.

Ireland once dominated the world's market for whiskey, producing 90% of the world's whiskey at the start of the 20th century. However, as a consequence of bootleggers during the prohibition in the United States and tariffs on Irish whiskey across the British Empire during the Anglo-Irish Trade War of the 1930s, sales of Irish whiskey worldwide fell to a mere 2% by the mid-20th century. In 1953, an Irish government survey, found that 50 per cent of whiskey drinkers in the United States had never heard of Irish whiskey.

Irish whiskey, as researched in 2009 by the CNBC American broadcaster, remains popular domestically and has grown in international sales steadily over a few decades. Typically CNBC states Irish whiskey is not as smoky as a Scotch whisky, but not as sweet as American or Canadian whiskies. Whiskey forms the basis of traditional cream liqueurs, such as Baileys, and the "Irish coffee" is probably the best-known Irish cocktail.

Stout, a kind of porter beer, particularly Guinness, is typically associated with Ireland, although historically it was more closely associated with London. Porter remains very popular, although it has lost sales since the mid-20th century to lager. Cider, particularly Magners , is also a popular drink. Red lemonade, a soft-drink, is consumed on its own and as a mixer, particularly with whiskey.



See also
  • Outline of Ireland
  • Irish states since 1171
  • List of divided islands
  • List of Ireland-related topics
  • List of islands of Ireland
  • Red hair

Overall rating: 4.1
Country
Address: Ireland
Typical length of visit: 7 days

Top 10 things to do in Ireland

Dublin Airport

Dublin Airport
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Limerick

Limerick
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Killarney

Killarney
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Kilkenny

Kilkenny
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Glendalough

Glendalough
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Aran Islands

Aran Islands
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Dublin

Dublin
An eclectic mix of heritage and hedonism make for a great destination

Cork

Cork
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Republic of Ireland

Republic of Ireland
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Galway

Galway
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Waterford

Waterford
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Dingle

Dingle
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Sligo

Sligo
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County Mayo

County Mayo
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Kinsale

Kinsale
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Mullingar

Mullingar
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Wexford

Wexford
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Cork Airport

Cork Airport
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Athlone

Athlone
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Drogheda

Drogheda
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Cobh

Cobh
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Shannon, County Clare

Shannon, County Clare
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Doolin

Doolin
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Bray

Bray
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Howth

Howth
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Dundalk

Dundalk
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County Wicklow

County Wicklow
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County Meath

County Meath
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Giant's Causeway

Giant's Causeway
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Thoor Ballylee

Thoor Ballylee
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Burren Smokehouse

Burren Smokehouse
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Céide Fields

Céide Fields
The Céide Fields is an archaeological site on the north County Mayo coast in the west of the Republic of Ireland, about 8 kilometres northwest of Ballycastle. The site is the ...

County Cork

County Cork
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Royal Cork Yacht Club

Royal Cork Yacht Club
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The Midlands

The Midlands
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The Northwest

The Northwest
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The Southeast

The Southeast
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The Southwest

The Southwest
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Birr

Birr
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Blennerville Windmill & Visitor Centre

Blennerville Windmill & Visitor Centre
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Abbeyleix

Abbeyleix
Abbeyleix is a town in County Laois, Ireland about 437 km from Portlaoise and located on the N77 national secondary route. Formerly the N8 National Primary Route ran through the centre ...

Annascaul

Annascaul
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Ardee

Ardee
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Ballina

Ballina
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Ballyshannon

Ballyshannon
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Ballyvaughan

Ballyvaughan
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Banagher

Banagher
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Bantry

Bantry
Bantry Beann's people" is a town in the Civil Parish of Kilmocomoge in the barony of Bantry on the coast of West County Cork, Ireland. It lies at the head ...

Battle

Battle
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Blarney

Blarney
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Blessington

Blessington
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Burwash

Burwash
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Cahir

Cahir
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Cahirciveen

Cahirciveen
Cahersiveen —alternate spellings Cahirsiveen, Cahirciveen or Caherciveen—is a town in the Region of Skellig Kerry, County Kerry, Ireland. It is located on the River Fertha and is the principal town ...

Carrigafoyle Castle

Carrigafoyle Castle
The Siege of Carrigafoyle Castle took place at Easter in 1580 near modern-day Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland on the southern bank of the Shannon estuary. The engagement was part of ...

Cashel

Cashel
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Castlepollard

Castlepollard
Castlepollard is a town in north County Westmeath, Republic of Ireland. It lies west of Lough Lene and northeast of Lough Derravaragh and Mullingar.NameThe name Castlepollard comes ...

Cavan

Cavan
Cavan is the county town of County Cavan in Ireland. The town lies in Ulster, in the Republic of Ireland, near the border with Northern Ireland. The town is on ...

Chichester

Chichester
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Clifden

Clifden
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Cong

Cong
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Corofin

Corofin
Corofin or Corrofin may refer to:Corofin, County Clare, IrelandCorofin, County Galway, Ireland ...

Deal

Deal
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Donkey Sanctuary

Donkey Sanctuary
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Drumcliff

Drumcliff
Drumcliff or Drumcliffe is a village in County Sligo, Ireland. It is 8 km north of Sligo town on the N15 road on a low gravel ridge between the mountain of ...

East Grinstead

East Grinstead
East Grinstead is a town and civil parish in the northeastern corner of Mid Sussex, West Sussex in England near the East Sussex, Surrey, and Kent borders. It lies 27 ...

Enniscorthy

Enniscorthy
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Glasnevin

Glasnevin
Glasnevin is a largely residential middle-class neighbourhood of Dublin, Ireland. Glasnevin is also the seat of Dublin City University with three campuses located on Ballymun Road, Griffith Avenue and Old ...

Glenbeigh

Glenbeigh
Glenbeigh or Glanbehy is a location in County Kerry, southwestern Ireland. The area is on the Iveragh peninsula, which is the largest peninsula in southwestern Ireland. The parish and is ...

Glengarriff

Glengarriff
Glengarriff is a village of approximately 800 people on the N71 national secondary road in the Beara Peninsula of County Cork, Ireland. Known internationally as a tourism venue, it boasts ...

Guildford

Guildford
Guildford is the historic county town of Surrey, England and the seat of the borough of Guildford. The town is 27 miles southwest of central London on the A3 trunk ...

Irish Rugby Football Union

Irish Rugby Football Union
The Irish Rugby Football Union is the body managing rugby union in the island of Ireland . The IRFU has its head office at 10/12 Lansdowne Road and home ground ...

Kells

Kells
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Kilbeggan

Kilbeggan
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Kildare Town

Kildare Town
Kildare is a town in County Kildare, Ireland. Its population of 8,412 makes it the eighth largest town in County Kildare and the 55th largest in the state, with a ...

Killorglin

Killorglin
Killorglin is a town in County Kerry, South West of Rep. of Ireland.Killorglin is located on the Ring of Kerry and The Wild Atlantic Way.Historically founded and developed on the ...

Killybegs

Killybegs
Killybegs is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. It is the largest fishing port in the county and on the island of Ireland. It is located on the south coast ...

Kilmore Quay

Kilmore Quay
Kilmore Quay is a fishing village near Duncormick, in County Wexford, Ireland. It has a population of 417. It is a fishing village, but its leisure facilities such as sailing, ...

Kinvara

Kinvara
Kinvara is a sea port village located in the south of County Galway, Ireland. The modern parish of Kinvara comprises the civil parishes of Kinvarradoorus and Killinny . Kinvara is ...

Knappogue

Knappogue
Knappogue Castle is a tower house, built in 1467 and expanded in the mid-19th century, located in the parish of Quin, County Clare, Ireland. It has been restored and is ...

Lahinch

Lahinch
Lahinch or Lehinch is a small town on Liscannor Bay, on the northwest coast of County Clare, Ireland. It lies on the N67 national secondary road, between Milltown Malbay and ...

Leenane

Leenane
Leenaun , also Leenane, is a village and 1,845 acre townland in County Galway, Ireland. It is on the shore of Killary Harbour , on the northern edge of Connemara, ...

Leighlinbridge

Leighlinbridge
Leighlinbridge is a small town on the River Barrow in County Carlow, Ireland. The N9 National primary route once passed through the village, which was by-passed in the 1980s. It ...

Letterfrack

Letterfrack
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Lewes

Lewes
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Limerick City

Limerick City
Limerick is a city in county Limerick, Ireland. It is located in the Mid-West Region and is also part of the province of Munster. Limerick City and County Council is ...

Lismore

Lismore
Lismore is a name of Gaelic origin, from Scotland and Ireland, from the Irish Lios Mór or Scottish Gaelic Lios Mòr, both meaning "great ringfort" or "great garden".

Listowel

Listowel
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Malahide

Malahide
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Midleton

Midleton
Midleton , is a town in south-eastern County Cork, Ireland. It lies some 16 km east of Cork City on the Owenacurra River and the N25 road, which connects Cork to ...

Monasterboice

Monasterboice
The historic ruins of Monasterboice are of an early Christian settlement in County Louth in Ireland, north of Drogheda. It was founded in the late 5th century by Saint Buithe ...

Mullaghmore

Mullaghmore
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National Print Museum

National Print Museum
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Navan

Navan
Navan is the county town of County Meath in Ireland. In 2011, the town and its environs had a population of 28,559; making it the 5th largest town, and 10th ...

Portarlington

Portarlington
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Portlaoise

Portlaoise
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Rochester

Rochester
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Roscrea

Roscrea
Roscrea is a historical market town in County Tipperary, Ireland. In 2011 the town had a population of 5,403. Its main industries include meat processing and pharmaceuticals. It is one ...

Rosslare

Rosslare
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Royal Tunbridge Wells

Royal Tunbridge Wells
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Shanagarry

Shanagarry
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Skibbereen

Skibbereen
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Slane

Slane
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Sneem

Sneem
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St Mary’s Abbey

St Mary’s Abbey
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St Werburgh's Church

St Werburgh's Church
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Straffan

Straffan
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The Southside

The Southside
The Southside Times is a weekly newspaper which began publishing in 1928. The newspaper delivers news and sports to Beech Grove, Greenwood, Southport, Center Grove, and Franklin and White River ...

Thomastown

Thomastown
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Tipperary Town

Tipperary Town
Tipperary is a town and a civil parish in County Tipperary, Ireland. Its population was 4,415 at the 2006 census. It is also an ecclesiastical parish in the Roman Catholic ...

Trim

Trim
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Turlough

Turlough
Turlough can mean:Turlough disappearing lake found mostly in limestone areas of IrelandTurlough O'Brien Anglicised form of Toirdelbach Ua Briain, King of Munster, effectively High King of IrelandTurlough Luineach O'Neill Ulster ...

Ardfert Cathedral

Ardfert Cathedral
Ardfert Cathedral is a ruined former cathedral in Ardfert, County Kerry, in Ireland. Dedicated to Saint Brendan, it was the seat of the Diocese of Ardfert from 1117. It is ...

Avondale House

Avondale House
Avondale House, in Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland, is the birthplace and home of Charles Stewart Parnell one of the leading political leaders in Irish history. It is set in the ...

Ballymaloe Cookery School

Ballymaloe Cookery School
The Ballymaloe Cookery School is a privately run cookery school in Shanagarry, County Cork, Ireland, that was opened in 1983. It is run by Darina Allen a well known celebrity ...

Belvelly

Belvelly
Belvelly is a small village on the northern end of the Great Island of Cork Harbour, about four miles north of the town of Cobh, County Cork, Ireland.Belvelly is situated ...

Crumlin Road Gaol

Crumlin Road Gaol
HMP Belfast, also known as Crumlin Road Gaol, is a former prison situated on the Crumlin Road in north Belfast, Northern Ireland. It is the only Victorian era prison remaining ...

Giant’s Causeway & Bushmills Railway

Giant’s Causeway & Bushmills Railway
The Giant's Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption. It is also known as Clochán an Aifir or Clochán na ...

Jerpoint Park

Jerpoint Park
The medieval lost town of Newtown Jerpoint is just west of the Cistercian Jerpoint Abbey, near Thomastown, County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is located 3.2 km south west from Thomastown just off ...

Loftus Hall

Loftus Hall
Loftus Hall is a large mansion house on the Hook peninsula, County Wexford, Ireland. Built on the site of the original Redmond Hall, it is said to have been haunted ...

Mount Stewart

Mount Stewart
Mount Stewart is an 18th-century house and garden in County Down, Northern Ireland, owned by the National Trust. Situated on the east shore of Strangford Lough, a few miles outside ...

St Eugene’s Cathedral

St Eugene’s Cathedral
St Eugene's Cathedral is the Roman Catholic cathedral located in Derry, Northern Ireland. It is the "Mother Church" for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Derry, as well as the parish ...

Old Courthouse

Old Courthouse
Old Courthouse may refer to:PlacesAustraliaOld Court House, the oldest public building in Perth, Western Australia, located in the Supreme Court Gardens in Barrack Street, ...

Tralee

Tralee
Tralee , meaning "strand of the Lee " is the county town of County Kerry in the south-west of Ireland. The town is on the northern side of the neck ...

Westport

Westport
Westport is the name of several communities around the world.CanadaWestport, Nova ScotiaWestport, OntarioWestport Rideaus, local junior "B" ice hockey teamWestport/Rideau Lakes Airport Westport, Newfoundland and Labrador

Ennis

Ennis
Ennis is a town located in Mid-West Region of Ireland and is the county town of County Clare. Situated on the River Fergus just north of where it enters the ...

Carlow

Carlow
Carlow is the county town of County Carlow in Ireland. It is situated in the south-east of Ireland, 84 km from Dublin. County Carlow is the second smallest county in Ireland ...

Cliffs of Moher

Cliffs of Moher
The Cliffs of Moher are located at the southwestern edge of the Burren region in County Clare, Ireland. They rise 120 metres above the Atlantic Ocean at Hag's Head, and ...

Fota Wildlife Park

Fota Wildlife Park
Fota Wildlife Park is a 75-acre wildlife park located on Fota Island, near Carrigtwohill, County Cork, Ireland. The park is home to nearly 30 mammal and 50 bird species. Some ...

Black Abbey

Black Abbey
The Black Abbey of Kilkenny, Ireland, is a Catholic priory of the Dominican Order, dedicated to the Holy and Undivided Trinity. Black Abbey was established in 1225 as one of ...

Gallarus Oratory

Gallarus Oratory
The Gallarus Oratory is believed to be an early Christian church located on the Dingle Peninsula, County Kerry, Ireland.The oratory overlooks the harbour at Ard na Caithne on the Dingle ...

Torc Waterfall

Torc Waterfall
Torc Waterfall is a waterfall at the base of Torc Mountain, about 5 miles from Killarney in County Kerry, Ireland.The falls are one of the landmarks on the 200 kilometre ...

Eyre Square

Eyre Square
John F. Kennedy Memorial Park is an inner-city public park in Galway, Ireland, formerly officially named Eyre Square and still widely known by that name. The park is within the ...

The Royal Hospital, Kilmainham

The Royal Hospital, Kilmainham
The Royal Hospital Kilmainham in Kilmainham, Dublin, is one of the finest 17th-century buildings in Ireland.HistoryThe hospital was built in 1684 by Sir William Robinson, official State ...

Project Arts Centre

Project Arts Centre
Project Arts Centre is a multidisciplinary arts centre based in Temple Bar, Dublin, which hosts theatre, dance, music and performance.HistoryFounded in 1967 after a three-week festival at ...

Irish Museum of Modern Art

Irish Museum of Modern Art
The Irish Museum of Modern Art also known as IMMA, is Ireland's leading national institution for the collection and presentation of modern and contemporary art. Located in Dublin, the Museum ...

National Wax Museum

National Wax Museum
The National Wax Museum is a privately owned waxworks museum in Dublin, Ireland. On 7 October, 2009, the museum officially re-opened following extensive renovation at its new location in the ...

Carrowmore

Carrowmore
Carrowmore, County Sligo is one of the four major passage tomb complexes in Ireland. It is located at the geographical centre of the Cúil Irra peninsula in County Sligo and ...

Crawford Art Gallery

Crawford Art Gallery
Crawford Art Gallery is a National Cultural Institution public art gallery located in the heart of the city of Cork, Ireland. The Crawford Art Gallery is dedicated to historic and ...

Croagh Patrick

Croagh Patrick
Croagh Patrick Patrick's Stack", nicknamed the Reek, is a 764 metres mountain and an important site of pilgrimage in County Mayo in Ireland. It is 8 kilometres from Westport, above ...

Dublin Heuston railway station

Dublin Heuston railway station
Dublin Heuston /ˈhjuːstən/ is one of Ireland's main railway stations, serving the south, southwest and west. It is operated by Iarnród Éireann , the national railway operator. It also houses ...

Farmleigh

Farmleigh
Farmleigh is the official Irish State guest house. It was formerly one of the Dublin residences of the Guinness family. It is situated on an elevated position above the River ...

Lough Gur

Lough Gur
Lough Gur is a lake in County Limerick, Ireland between the towns of Herbertstown and Bruff. The lake forms a horseshoe shape at the base of Knockadoon Hill and some ...

Lough Mask

Lough Mask
Lough Mask is a limestone lough of 20,500 acres in County Mayo, Ireland, north of Lough Corrib. Lough Mask is the middle of the three lakes, which empty into the ...

Portmarnock Golf Club

Portmarnock Golf Club
Portmarnock Golf Club is a golf course in Ireland, established 121 years ago in 1894. Located just north of Dublin in Portmarnock, Fingal, the course was laid out by William Pickeman ...

Rothe House

Rothe House
Rothe House, is a unique Irish 17th century merchant's townhouse complex located in the city of Kilkenny, Ireland. The complex was built by John Rothe Fitz-Piers between 1594–1610 and is ...

Waterford Crystal

Waterford Crystal
Waterford Crystal is a manufacturer of crystal. It is named after the city of Waterford, Ireland. Waterford Crystal is owned by WWRD Holdings Ltd, a luxury goods group which also ...

Charles Fort

Charles Fort
Charles Hoy Fort was an American writer and researcher into anomalous phenomena. Today, the terms Fortean and Forteana are used to characterize various such phenomena. Fort's books sold well and ...

Glenveagh

Glenveagh
Glenveagh is the second largest national park in Ireland. The park covers 170 square kilometres of hillside above Glenveagh Castle on the shore of Lough Veagh , 20 km from ...

Trim Castle

Trim Castle
Trim Castle is a Norman castle on the south bank of the River Boyne in Trim, County Meath, Ireland. With an area of 30,000 m², it is the largest Norman ...

Russborough House

Russborough House
Russborough House is a stately house situated near the Blessington Lakes in County Wicklow, Ireland, between the towns of Blessington and Ballymore Eustace and is reputed to be the longest ...

Irish National Heritage Park

Irish National Heritage Park
Irish National Heritage Park is an open-air museum which recreates the key stages in Ireland's cultural evolution. The park contains 35 acres covering prehistoric through Norman periods, and features various ...

Craggaunowen

Craggaunowen
Craggaunowen is the name of a 16th-century castle and an archaeological open-air museum in County Clare, Ireland.Craggaunowen is located 10 km east of Quin, County Clare. The name Craggaunowen derives from ...

Barryscourt Castle

Barryscourt Castle
Barryscourt Castle is a castle located in eastern County Cork in southern Ireland, close to the town of Carrigtwohill.HistoryThe site on which Barryscourt castle now stands has ...

Blue Stack Mountains

Blue Stack Mountains
The Blue Stack Mountains or Bluestack Mountains, also called the Croaghgorms , are the major mountain range in the south of County Donegal, Ireland. They provide a barrier between the ...

Fota Island

Fota Island
Fota Island or Foaty Island is a small island and townland in Cork Harbour, Ireland, just north of the larger island of Great Island. The name "Fota" is derived from ...

Lough Ree

Lough Ree
Lough Ree is a lake in the midlands of Ireland, the second of the three major lakes on the River Shannon. Lough Ree is the second largest lake on the ...

Mount Leinster

Mount Leinster
Mount Leinster is a 796 metre high mountain in the Republic of Ireland. It straddles the border between Counties Carlow and Wexford, in the province of Leinster. It is the ...

Mullaghmeen

Mullaghmeen
Mullaghmeen Hill, , in County Westmeath, Ireland, is situated between the County Cavan border and the Coole end of the Bog of Allen, to the south. It dominates the valley ...

Powerscourt Golf Club

Powerscourt Golf Club
Powerscourt Golf Club, located at the Powerscourt Estate in County Wicklow, Ireland, is home to two par 72, 18-hole courses: the East, which was created first, and the West. Both ...

Maynooth

Maynooth
Maynooth is a university town in north County Kildare, Ireland. It is home to Maynooth University part of the National University of Ireland, a Pontifical University and Ireland's main Roman ...

K Club

K Club
The Kildare Hotel and Golf Club is a golf and leisure complex located at Straffan, County Kildare, Ireland. It is built on the old grounds of the Straffan estate, incorporating ...

Derreen Gardens

Derreen Gardens
Derreen Garden lies on a promontory in Kilmakilloge Harbour on the Beara Peninsula, in Tuosist parish, near Kenmare in County Kerry. ...

Hill of Allen

Hill of Allen
The Hill of Allen is a volcanic hill situated in the west of County Kildare, Ireland, beside the village of Allen. According to Irish Mythology it was the seat of ...

Spanish Arch

Spanish Arch
The Spanish Arch in Galway city, Ireland, was originally an extension of the city wall from Martin's Tower to the bank of the Corrib, as a measure to protect the ...

Newgrange

Newgrange
Newgrange is a prehistoric monument in County Meath, Ireland, located about one kilometre north of the River Boyne. It was built during the Neolithic period around 3200 BC, making it ...

Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church

Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church
The Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church is a Roman Catholic church in Dublin, Ireland maintained by the Carmelite order. The church is noted for having the relics of Saint Valentine, which ...

James Joyce Centre

James Joyce Centre
The James Joyce Centre is a museum dedicated to promoting an understanding of the life and works of James Joyce.The Centre is situated in a restored 18th-century Georgian townhouse at ...

Blackrock Castle

Blackrock Castle
Blackrock Castle is a 16th-century castle located about 2 km from the heart of Cork city, Ireland on the banks of the River Lee. Originally built to defend the port and ...

Leinster House

Leinster House
Leinster House is the seat of the Oireachtas, the parliament of The Republic of Ireland.Leinster House was originally the ducal palace of the Dukes of Leinster. Since 1922, it is ...

Westport House

Westport House
Westport House in Westport, County Mayo, Ireland, was the ancestral seat of the Marquesses of Sligo up until July 2014. It was built by the Browne family in the 18th ...

Benbulbin

Benbulbin
Benbulbin, sometimes spelled Ben Bulben or Benbulben , is a large rock formation in County Sligo, Ireland. It is part of the Dartry Mountains, in an area sometimes called "Yeats ...

Everyman Palace Theatre

Everyman Palace Theatre
The Everyman Palace Theatre is a 650-seat Victorian theatre on MacCurtain Street in Cork, Ireland. Originally opened in 1897/98, it is the oldest purpose-built theatre building in Cork.The Everyman has ...

Innisfallen Island

Innisfallen Island
Innisfallen or Inishfallen is an island in Lough Leane; one of the three Lakes of Killarney in County Kerry, Ireland. It is home to the ruins of Innisfallen Abbey, one ...

Irish Jewish Museum

Irish Jewish Museum
The Irish Jewish Museum is a small museum located in the once highly Jewish populated area of Portobello, around the South Circular Road, Dublin 8, dedicated to the history of ...

Jerpoint Abbey

Jerpoint Abbey
Jerpoint Abbey is a ruined Cistercian abbey, founded in the second half of the 12th century, near Thomastown, County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is located 2.5 km south west from Thomastown on ...

Mweelrea

Mweelrea
Mweelrea is a mountain in County Mayo, Republic of Ireland. With a height of 814 metres , it is the highest point in the province of Connacht and the 34th highest ...

St Mary's Cathedral, Limerick

St Mary's Cathedral, Limerick
St Mary's , is a cathedral of the Church of Ireland in Limerick city, Ireland which is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is in the ecclesiastical province of ...

Sean's Bar

Sean's Bar
Sean's Bar is a pub in Athlone, Ireland. It claims to be the oldest pub in Ireland, dating back to 900 AD. In 2004 Guinness World Records listed Sean's Bar ...

Slane Castle

Slane Castle
Slane Castle is located in the town of Slane, within the Boyne Valley of County Meath, Ireland. The castle has been the family home of the Conyngham family since the ...

Lough Ramor

Lough Ramor
Lough Ramor is a large natural lake of 741 hectares situated near Virginia, County Cavan. From early records Vita Tripartita identified as being in the territory of Cenal Muinreamhair. The ...

Malin Head

Malin Head
Malin Head , is located on the Inishowen Peninsula, County Donegal, Ireland and is the most northerly point of the island of Ireland. The northernmost tip is the headland named ...

Old Head of Kinsale

Old Head of Kinsale
The Old Head of Kinsale, is a headland near Kinsale, County Cork, Ireland. An early lighthouse was established here in the 17th century by Robert Reading. It is notable for ...

Shannon Estuary

Shannon Estuary
The Shannon Estuary is a large estuary where the River Shannon flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The estuary has Limerick at its head and its seaward limits are marked by ...

Turlough Hill

Turlough Hill
Turlough Hill , also known as Tomaneena , is a 681-metre high mountain in County Wicklow in Ireland and site of Ireland's only pumped-storage hydroelectricity plant. The power station is ...

Wexford Opera House

Wexford Opera House
The Wexford Festival Opera is an opera festival that takes place in the town of Wexford in South-Eastern Ireland during the months of October and November.The Festival began in 1951 ...

Wicklow Way

Wicklow Way
The Wicklow Way is a 129-kilometre long-distance trail that crosses the Wicklow Mountains in Ireland. It runs from Marlay Park in the southern suburbs of Dublin through County Wicklow and ...

Tullamore

Tullamore
Tullamore is a town in County Offaly, in the midlands of Ireland. It is Offaly's county town and is located in centre of the county.Tullamore was designated a 'gateway' town ...

Beara Way

Beara Way
The Beara Way is a long-distance trail in Republic of Ireland. It is a 206-kilometre long circular trail around the Beara Peninsula that begins and ends in Glengarriff, County Cork. ...

Maynooth Castle

Maynooth Castle
Maynooth Castle is a ruined 12th century castle in Maynooth, County Kildare, Ireland which stands at the entrance to the South Campus of National University of Ireland.HistoryThe ...

English Market

English Market
The English Market , comprises Princes Street Market and Grand Parade Market, and is a municipal food market in the centre of Cork, Ireland. The market is administered by Cork ...

Galway City Museum

Galway City Museum
The Galway City Museum is a museum in Galway City, County Galway, Ireland. It was founded on 29 July 2006, and is located beside the Spanish Arch. The official website ...

Ring of Kerry

Ring of Kerry
The Ring of Kerry is a 179-km-long circular tourist route in County Kerry, south-western Ireland. Clockwise from Killarney it follows the N71 to Kenmare, then the N70 around the Iveragh ...

Dunmore Cave

Dunmore Cave
Dunmore Cave is a limestone solutional cave in Ballyfoyle, County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is formed in Lower Carboniferous limestone of the Clogrenan Formation. It is a show cave open to ...

Science Gallery

Science Gallery
The Science Gallery is a public science centre at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.Opened in 2008 and housed in Trinity's Naughton Institute, it holds various exhibitions and lectures with a view ...

Ballintubber Abbey

Ballintubber Abbey
Ballintubber Abbey is a royal abbey two kilometres northeast of the village of Ballintubber, County Mayo in Ireland, founded by King Cathal Crobdearg Ua Conchobair in 1216. It is said ...

Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford

Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford
Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford, or more formally, the Cathedral of The Holy Trinity, Christ Church, is a cathedral of the Church of Ireland in Waterford City, Ireland. It is in ...

Dublin Ghost Bus Tour

Dublin Ghost Bus Tour
The Dublin Ghost Bus Tour is a night-time bus tour through Dublin, Ireland taking in several sites associated with Dublin's darker history. This theatrical experience is just over 2 hours ...

Great Blasket Island

Great Blasket Island
Great Blasket is the principal island of the Blaskets, County Kerry, Ireland.GeographyThe island lies approximately 2 km from the mainland at Dunmore Head, and extends 6 km to the ...

Knocknarea

Knocknarea
Knocknarea is a large hill west of Sligo town in County Sligo, Republic of Ireland.The 327-metre high limestone hill is visually striking, as it is monolithic in appearance and stands ...

Lakes of Killarney

Lakes of Killarney
The Lakes of Killarney are a renowned scenic attraction located near Killarney, County Kerry, in Ireland. They consist of three lakes - Lough Leane, Muckross Lake and Upper Lake.Lough Leane ...

Lough Carra

Lough Carra
Lough Carra is a limestone lake of 4,000 acres , located in the Barony of Carra, County Mayo, Republic of Ireland, approximate 8 miles south of Castlebar. It is approximately ...

River Shannon

River Shannon
The River Shannon is the longest river on Ireland at 360.5 km .The River Shannon drains the Shannon River Basin which has an area of 16,865 km2 , one fifth of the ...

Powerscourt Waterfall

Powerscourt Waterfall
Powerscourt Waterfall is a waterfall on the river Dargle near Enniskerry, County Wicklow, in Ireland, located in a valley surrounded by Djouce Mountain and the Great Sugar Loaf. At a ...

Ards Forest Park

Ards Forest Park
Ards Forest Park is a park in County Donegal, Ireland.History and LocationThe forest park is situated on the small Ards Peninsula. It sits on the shores of ...

Coosan

Coosan
Coosan is a suburb just north of Athlone, County Westmeath in Ireland. It is surrounded on three sides by Lough Ree and on one side by Athlone.Coosan's population has grown ...

Desmond Castle

Desmond Castle
Desmond Castle is a tower house located in the town of Kinsale in County Cork, Ireland.HistoryThe castle was built as the Customs House for Kinsale about the ...

Loughcrew

Loughcrew
Loughcrew is near Oldcastle, County Meath, Ireland. . Loughcrew is a site of considerable historical importance in Ireland. It is the site of megalithic burial grounds dating back to approximately ...

Luggala

Luggala
Luggala , also called Fancy Mountain , is a 595 metres mountain in the Wicklow Mountains, Ireland. Its cliffs are situated above a lake, Lough Tay, and are a popular ...

Saltee Islands

Saltee Islands
The Saltee Islands are a pair of small islands lying 5 kilometres off the southern coast of County Wexford in Ireland. The two islands are Great Saltee and Little Saltee ...

Kenmare

Kenmare
Kenmare is a small town in the south of County Kerry, Ireland. The name Kenmare is the anglicised form of Ceann Mara meaning "head of the sea", referring to the ...

Caha Mountains

Caha Mountains
The Caha Mountains are a range of low sandstone mountains situated on the Beara peninsula in south-west County Cork, in the Ireland. The highest peak is Hungry Hill, 685m tall. ...

Limerick City Gallery of Art

Limerick City Gallery of Art
Limerick City Gallery of Art is an art museum in the city of Limerick, Ireland. It is run by Limerick City Council and is located in Pery Square.The gallery is ...

The Burren

The Burren
The Burren is a karst landscape in County Clare, Ireland. It measures approximately 250 square kilometres and is enclosed roughly within the circle made by the villages of Ballyvaughan, Kinvara, ...

Cong Abbey

Cong Abbey
Cong Abbey is a historic site located at Cong, on the borders of counties Galway and Mayo, in Ireland's province of Connacht. The ruins of the former Augustinian abbey mostly ...

Iveagh Gardens

Iveagh Gardens
The Iveagh Gardens is a public park located between Clonmel Street and Upper Hatch Street, near the National Concert Hall in Dublin, Ireland. It is designated as a National Historic ...

National University of Ireland, Galway

National University of Ireland, Galway
The National University of Ireland, Galway is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland. It is a tertiary-level educational institution located in Galway, Ireland.The university was founded in ...

National Aquatic Centre

National Aquatic Centre
The National Aquatic Centre is Ireland's principal facility for water sports, and forms part of the national sports campus. It is under the remit of the National Sports Campus Development ...

National Library of Ireland

National Library of Ireland
The National Library of Ireland is Ireland's national library located in Dublin, in a building designed by Thomas Newenham Deane. The Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht is the ...

Bull Island

Bull Island
Bull Island or more properly North Bull Island is an island located in Dublin Bay in Ireland, about 5 km long and 800 m wide, lying roughly parallel to the shore ...

Eask Tower

Eask Tower
The Eask Tower is a solid stone tower on the top of Carhoo Hill, in County Kerry, Ireland, over-looking Dingle harbour.Eask Tower was built in 1847 in order to guide ...

Great Western Greenway

Great Western Greenway
The Great Western Greenway is a greenway rail trail in County Mayo, Ireland. It is 42 kilometres long and begins in Westport and ends in Achill, passing through the towns ...

Lewis Glucksman Gallery

Lewis Glucksman Gallery
The Lewis Glucksman Gallery is an award-winning art gallery in University College, Cork, Ireland.Opened to the public by the President of Ireland, Mary McAleese on 14 October 2004, the Glucksman ...

Lough Gill

Lough Gill
Lough Gill is a freshwater lough mainly situated in County Sligo, but partly in County Leitrim, in Ireland. The lake is mentioned in the poetry of W. B. Yeats.Lough Gill ...

Lough Leane

Lough Leane
Lough Leane is largest of the three lakes of Killarney. The River Laune flows from the lake into the Dingle Bay to the northwest.Etymology and historyThe lake's ...

Passage East

Passage East
Passage East is a fishing village in County Waterford, Ireland, situated on the west bank of Waterford Harbour. It is 12 km from Waterford 10 km from Dunmore East and 21 km from ...

St. Mary's Cathedral, Kilkenny

St. Mary's Cathedral, Kilkenny
St. Mary’s is the Roman Catholic cathedral for the Diocese of Ossory. It is situated on James’s Street, Kilkenny, County Kilkenny, Ireland.Saint Mary’s was designed by William Deane Butler . ...

Lough Tay

Lough Tay
Lough Tay is a small but scenic lake set in the Wicklow Mountains in County Wicklow, Ireland. It lies between the mountains of Djouce and Luggala, and is most easily ...

James's Fort

James's Fort
James Fort is an early 17th century pentagonal fort located on Castlepark peninsula in Kinsale harbour. Situated downstream from Kinsale on the River Bandon, the fort was built to defend ...

Fairyhouse Racecourse

Fairyhouse Racecourse
Fairyhouse Racecourse is one of Ireland's premier horse racing venues. Situated in the parish of Ratoath in County Meath, on the R155 regional road, 3 km off the N3. It is ...

Hook Peninsula

Hook Peninsula
The Hook Peninsula is a peninsula in County Wexford, Ireland. It has been a gateway to south-east Ireland for successive waves of newcomers, including the Vikings, Anglo-Normans and the English.The ...

Lough Dan

Lough Dan
Lough Dan is a boomerang-shaped ribbon lake near Roundwood, County Wicklow, Ireland. It is a popular area for hikers and kayakers and lies very close to the Wicklow Way.The Inchavore ...

Portlick Castle

Portlick Castle
Portlick Castle is a medieval tower house castle near the 21st century village of Glasson, County Westmeath, Ireland, some 6 miles from Athlone on the shores of Lough Ree. It ...

Enniskillen

Enniskillen
Enniskillen is a town and civil parish in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is located almost exactly in the centre of the county between the Upper and Lower sections of ...

Uragh Stone Circle

Uragh Stone Circle
The Uragh Stone Circle is a neolithic stone circle near Gleninchaquin Park, Tuosist, County Kerry, Ireland.Situated near Lough Inchiquin, it consists of five megaliths. The largest stone is ten feet ...

Garnish Island

Garnish Island
Garnish Island , is an island in Glengarriff harbour, part of Bantry Bay in southwest Ireland, which is a popular tourist attraction. The Office of Public Works, which maintains the ...

Hunt Museum

Hunt Museum
The Hunt Museum is a museum in the city of Limerick, Ireland. Holding a personal collection donated by the Hunt family, it was originally situated in the University of Limerick, ...

Connemara

Connemara
Connemara is a district in the west of Ireland, the boundaries of which are not well defined. Some define it to be the land contained by Killary Harbour, the Maam ...

Ballycroy National Park

Ballycroy National Park
Ballycroy National Park is located in the Owenduff/Nephin Mountains area of the Barony of Erris in northwest County Mayo, Ireland. It is one of the largest expanses of peatland in ...

The Custom House

The Custom House
The Custom House is a neoclassical 18th-century building in Dublin, Ireland which houses the Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government. It is located on the north bank of ...

Dublin Writers Museum

Dublin Writers Museum
The Dublin Writers Museum was opened in November 1991 at No 18, Parnell Square, Dublin, Ireland. The museum occupies an original 18th-century house, which accommodates the museum rooms, library, gallery ...

Butler Gallery

Butler Gallery
Butler Gallery is an art gallery in Kilkenny, Ireland, with a collection of works by important Irish and international artists from the present day back to the 18th century. Artists ...

Lambay Island

Lambay Island
Lambay or Lambay Island lies in the Irish Sea off the coast of north County Dublin in Ireland. It is four kilometres offshore from the headland at Portrane and is ...

Mount Brandon

Mount Brandon
Mount Brandon or Brandon Mountain is a 952 m mountain on the Dingle Peninsula in County Kerry, Ireland. It is the highest peak of the unnamed central mountain range of the ...

Sheeffry Hills

Sheeffry Hills
The Sheeffry Hills or Sheeffry Mountains is a range of hills in County Mayo, Ireland. It is bounded to the west by Glencullin Lough and Doolough; to the south by ...

St. Nicholas' Collegiate Church

St. Nicholas' Collegiate Church
The Collegiate Church of St. Nicholas is a medieval church building in Galway, Ireland. It is a collegiate church and the parish church of St. Nicholas' Church of Ireland parish, ...

The Three Sisters

The Three Sisters
Three Sisters may be:Creative worksThree Sisters , a play by Anton ChekhovThe Three Sisters , an American film productionThree Sisters , a British film productionThe Three Sisters ...

Torc Mountain

Torc Mountain
Torc Mountain is a mountain near Killarney in County Kerry, Ireland which is 535 m high. Torc Mountain gets its name from the Irish word torc meaning boar, after an enchanted ...

Djouce

Djouce
Djouce , sometimes referred to as Jason's Bane, is a mountain situated in the northeastern section of the Wicklow Mountains. To the west it overlooks the highlands around the Sally ...

Great Sugar Loaf

Great Sugar Loaf
Often simply known as the Sugar Loaf , this hill is located in the east of County Wicklow, in Ireland, south of Bray and to the north of the Glen ...

Hill of Ward

Hill of Ward
The Hill of Ward is a hill in County Meath, Ireland. It lies between Athboy and Ráth Chairn . During medieval times it was the site of great festivals, including ...

Mizen Head

Mizen Head
Mizen Head , is located at the extremity of a peninsula in the district of Carbery in County Cork, Ireland. It is one of the extreme points of the island ...

Moydrum Castle

Moydrum Castle
Moydrum Castle is a ruined castle situated in the locality of Moydrum , outside the town of Athlone, County Westmeath, Ireland.BackgroundThe lands of Moydrum were granted to ...

Bundoran

Bundoran
Bundoran is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. The town is located on the N15 road near Ballyshannon, and is the most southerly town in Donegal. The town is a ...

Lissadell House

Lissadell House
Lissadell House is a neo-classical Greek revivalist style country house, located in County Sligo, Ireland.The house was built between 1830 to 1835, and inhabited from 1833 onwards, for Sir Robert ...

Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane

Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane
Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane is an art gallery funded by Dublin City Council and located in Charlemont House in Dublin, Ireland. Charlemont House was originally the town house ...

Dunguaire Castle

Dunguaire Castle
Dunguaire Castle is a 16th-century tower house on the southeastern shore of Galway Bay in County Galway, Ireland, near Kinvarra . The name derives from the Dun of King Guaire, ...

Cork Opera House

Cork Opera House
Cork Opera House is a theatre and opera house in Cork in the Republic of Ireland. It was originally built in 1855, and was built on a template that the ...

Mount Herbert Hotel

Mount Herbert Hotel
Sandymount Hotel, in Dublin, Ireland, is sited on the old Haig's Distillery. The hotel consists of 8 interconnected Victorian houses which were originally constructed in 1866 and built with bricks ...

Kells Priory

Kells Priory
Kells Priory is one of the largest and most impressive medieval monuments in Ireland.The Augustine priory is situated alongside King's River beside the village of Kells, about 15 km south of ...

Museum of Country Life

Museum of Country Life
The Museum of Country Life is located in Turlough Village, 8 km northeast of Castlebar, County Mayo in Ireland. Established in 2001, the museum is part of the National Museum of ...

People's Park, Waterford

People's Park, Waterford
The People's Park is the largest public park in Waterford city. Laid out over a century ago, its 6.6 hectares comprise the foremost public green space in the city. It ...

Purple Mountain, County Kerry

Purple Mountain, County Kerry
Purple Mountain is an 832 m mountain in County Kerry, Republic of Ireland. It is a massif that includes three main peaks: Purple, Tomies and Shehy . Purple is the ...

Rockfleet Castle

Rockfleet Castle
Rockfleet Castle, or Carrickahowley Castle , is a tower house near Newport in County Mayo, Ireland. It was built in the mid-sixteenth century, and is most famously associated with Gráinne ...

St John's Cathedral

St John's Cathedral
St. John's Cathedral, or Cathedral of St. John, or other variations on the name, with or without the suffix 'the Evangelist' may refer to:In Antigua:St. John's Cathedral, St. John'sIn Australia:St ...

Druids Glen

Druids Glen
Druids Glen is a golf resort in Newtownmountkennedy, Ireland, situated about 35 kilometres south of Dublin in County Wicklow. The resort consists of the 5-star Druids Glen Hotel & Country ...

River Bandon

River Bandon
The River Bandon is a river in County Cork, Ireland. It rises at Nowen Hill , to the north of Drimoleague.The river then flows to Dunmanway, before turning eastward towards ...

Vartry Reservoir

Vartry Reservoir
Vartry Reservoir is a reservoir at Roundwood in County Wicklow, Ireland. The water is piped from Vartry to a large open service reservoir in Stillorgan in the southern suburbs of ...

Malahide Castle

Malahide Castle
Malahide Castle, parts of which date to the 12th century, lies, with over 260 acres of remaining estate parkland , close to the village of Malahide, nine miles north of ...

Killarney National Park

Killarney National Park
Killarney National Park is located beside the town of Killarney, County Kerry, Ireland. It was the first national park established in Ireland, created when Muckross Estate was donated to the ...

Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas, Galway

Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas, Galway
The Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St Nicholas , commonly known as Galway Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Galway, Ireland, and is one of the ...

Ballyhoura Mountains

Ballyhoura Mountains
The Ballyhoura Mountains are located in south-east County Limerick and north-east County Cork in central Munster, running east and west for about 6 miles on the borders of both counties.

Ben Gorm

Ben Gorm
Ben Gorm is a mountain in southwest County Mayo, Ireland. ...

Clew Bay

Clew Bay
Clew Bay is a natural ocean bay in County Mayo, Republic of Ireland. It contains Ireland's best example of sunken drumlins. The bay is overlooked by Croagh Patrick to the ...

Dalkey Island

Dalkey Island
Dalkey Island is an uninhabited island about 16 km south of Dublin, near the village of Dalkey, 3 km south of Dún Laoghaire harbour. Its name is a meld of the Irish ...

Red Abbey, Cork

Red Abbey, Cork
The Red Abbey in Cork, Ireland was a 14th-century Augustinian abbey which took its name from the reddish sandstone used in construction. Today all that remains of the structure is ...

Sligo Abbey

Sligo Abbey
Sligo Abbey , a ruined abbey in Sligo, Ireland, was originally built in 1253 by the order of Maurice Fitzgerald, Baron of Offaly. It was destroyed in 1414 by a ...

The Black Valley

The Black Valley
The Black Valley in County Kerry, is a remote location in the Macgillycuddy's Reeks situated south of the Gap of Dunloe and north of Moll's Gap. The valley is also ...

The Tholsel, Kilkenny

The Tholsel, Kilkenny
The Tholsel, High Street, Kilkenny, Ireland was built in 1761 by Alderman William Colles . It was built as place for collecting tolls, but has also been used as customs ...

Blainroe Golf Club

Blainroe Golf Club
Blainroe Golf Club is a golf course situated about 3.5 km south of Wicklow Town in County Wicklow, Ireland. The course was originally built as part of a village resort in ...

Sandycove Island

Sandycove Island
Sandycove Island is a small island and townland at the mouth of Ardkilly Creek on the south coast of Ireland, just to the west of the Castlepark peninsula, which forms ...

Two Rock

Two Rock
Two Rock is a mountain in Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Ireland. It is 536 metres high and is the 382nd highest mountain in Ireland. It is the highest point of the group ...

Inishmore

Inishmore
Inishmor is the largest of the Aran Islands in Galway Bay in Ireland and has an area of 31 square kilometres . Inishmor has a population of about 840, making ...

Dingle Peninsula

Dingle Peninsula
The Dingle Peninsula is the northernmost of the major peninsulae in County Kerry. It ends beyond the town of Dingle at Dunmore Head, the westernmost point of Ireland and arguably ...

Church of Saint John the Evangelist, Kilkenny

Church of Saint John the Evangelist, Kilkenny
The Church of Saint John the Evangelist, or John's Church, is a Gothic Revival style church in Kilkenny, Ireland. The Church was built from 1903 to 1908 on the site ...

Clare Island

Clare Island
Clare Island is a mountainous island guarding the entrance to Clew Bay in County Mayo, Ireland. It is famous as the home of the pirate queen, Gráinne O'Malley. Approximately 145 ...

Galway Arts Festival

Galway Arts Festival
The Galway Arts Festival, founded in 1978, is a multidisciplinary arts festival producing and presenting an international programme of theatre, spectacle, dance, visual arts, music, literature and comedy. The Festival ...

Kippure

Kippure
Kippure is a granite mountain that straddles the county boundaries of South Dublin and Wicklow. It is popular for hill walking and outdoor leisure activity owing to its proximity to ...

Limerick City Museum

Limerick City Museum
Limerick Museum, previously known as the Jim Kemmy Municipal Museum, is a city museum in Limerick, Ireland.FoundationThe Limerick museum was founded in 1906 and housed in the ...

Model Arts and Niland Gallery

Model Arts and Niland Gallery
Model Arts and Niland Gallery, now called The Model, home of the Niland Collection, is an award-winning building and a leading centres for the contemporary arts in Ireland. Located in ...

River Laune

River Laune
The River Laune is a river in County Kerry, Ireland which flows from Lough Leane , one of the Lakes of Killarney, through the town of Killorglin, and empties into ...

Spike Island, County Cork

Spike Island, County Cork
Spike Island is an island of 103 Acres in Cork Harbour, Ireland. Originally the site of a monastic settlement, the island's strategic location within the harbour meant it was used ...

Little Sugar Loaf

Little Sugar Loaf
Little Sugar Loaf, also called Giltspur Mountain , is a hill in County Wicklow, Ireland. It is situated East-North-East of the Great Sugar Loaf, separated from it by the N11 ...

Adare

Adare
Adare is a village in County Limerick, Ireland.General informationAdare's origin is as a settlement by a crossing point on the river Maigue. It is situated 16 km from ...

Hotel Meyrick

Hotel Meyrick
The Hotel Meyrick is the oldest hotel in the City of Galway, Ireland. Under various names its history has been intertwined with that of Galway since 1852. It is situated ...

Cratloe Woods

Cratloe Woods
Cratloe Woods is a forested area around the village of Cratloe in County Clare, Ireland. Much of the original oak forest has been replaced with coniferous softwoods during the past ...

Dartry Mountains

Dartry Mountains
The Dartry Mountains are a range in the north west of Ireland. They are situated mainly on the border of County Sligo and County Leitrim. The name is from the ...

Mangerton Mountain

Mangerton Mountain
Mangerton or Mangerton Mountain is a mountain in County Kerry, Republic of Ireland. At a height of 839 m it is the tallest of the Mangerton range and 25th tallest ...

Monkstown Golf Club

Monkstown Golf Club
Monkstown Golf Club is an 18-hole, par 70 golf course located in Parkgarriff, Monkstown, Co. Cork. It was founded in 1908 as a 9-hole course. The course was expanded in ...

Chichester Cathedral

Chichester Cathedral
Chichester Cathedral, formally known as the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity, is the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Chichester. It is located in Chichester, in Sussex, England. It ...

Maulin

Maulin
Maulin is a hill located in the northeastern section of the Wicklow Mountains, close to the border with County Dublin. It can be found on a side trail off the ...

Carrick-on-Shannon

Carrick-on-Shannon
Carrick-on-Shannon is the county town of County Leitrim in Ireland. While it is the largest town in the county of Leitrim, it is, however, the smallest main county town in ...

Phoenix Park

Phoenix Park
Phoenix Park is an urban park in Dublin, Ireland, lying 2–4 km west of the city centre, north of the River Liffey. Its 11 km perimeter wall encloses 707 hectares , one ...

Lough Gara

Lough Gara
Lough Gara is a lake in County Sligo, Ireland. It is an Important Bird Area protecting 1,788 ha of which most is covered by a Ramsar Site.HistoryLough ...

Moyne Abbey

Moyne Abbey
Moyne Abbey is one of most impressive ecclesiastical ruins in Mayo and a National Monument. It was founded by the Burke family as a Franciscan friary and consecrated in 1462. ...

Parkavonear Castle

Parkavonear Castle
Parkavonear Castle is a 13th-century Anglo-Norman ruin in Aghadoe in Ireland, overlooking the lakes of Killarney. It was built following the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169.It is two stories ...

St. Finbarr's Cemetery

St. Finbarr's Cemetery
St. Finbarr's Cemetery in Cork, Ireland, is the city's largest and one of the oldest cemeteries still in use. Located on the Glasheen Road, it was first opened in the ...

Taibhdhearc na Gaillimhe

Taibhdhearc na Gaillimhe
Taibhdhearc na Gaillimhe , also called An Taiḃḋearc, is the national Irish language theatre of Ireland. It was founded in 1928.The word taibhdhearc appears as a gloss for the Latin ...

Tonelagee

Tonelagee
Tonelagee is a mountain with a height of 817 m in County Wicklow, Republic of Ireland.GeographyThe mountain lies just north of the high point of the Wicklow ...

Malahide

Malahide
Malahide is a coastal suburban town near Dublin city. It is administered by Fingal County Council, formerly part of County Dublin, Ireland. There are extensive residential areas to the south, ...

Circuit of Ireland Rally

Circuit of Ireland Rally
The Circuit of Ireland International Rally is an annual automobile rally, which was first held in 1931 making it the third oldest rally in the world. The most recent event ...

River Moy

River Moy
The River Moy is a river in the northwest of Ireland.GeographyThe Moy rises at the foot of the Ox Mountains in County Sligo. It flows for 110 ...

Three Rock

Three Rock
Three Rock Mountain is a mountain in Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown county in Ireland. It is 444 metres high and forms part of the group of hills in the Dublin Mountains which ...

Artane, Dublin

Artane, Dublin
Artane, sometimes spelled Artaine , historically Tartaine is a Northside suburb of Dublin, Ireland. Neighbouring districts include Coolock, Beaumont, Killester, Raheny and Clontarf; to the south is a small locality, ...

Guinness Storehouse

Guinness Storehouse
Guinness Storehouse is a Guinness-themed tourist attraction at St. James's Gate Brewery in Dublin, Ireland. Since opening in 2000, it has received over four million visitors.The Storehouse covers seven floors ...

Aghadoe Cathedral

Aghadoe Cathedral
Aghadoe Cathedral was a church that may have been the seat of a bishop at Aghadoe, Ireland . The now ruined cathedral overlooks the Lakes of Killarney from Aghadoe, a ...

Keem Bay

Keem Bay
Keem Bay is located past Dooagh village in the west of Achill Island in County Mayo, Ireland. It contains a Blue Flag beach. The bay was formerly the site of ...

Tibradden Mountain

Tibradden Mountain
Tibradden Mountain is a mountain in County Dublin in Ireland. Other names for the mountain include "Garrycastle" and "Kilmainham Begg" . It is 467 metres high and is the 561st ...

County Kildare

County Kildare
County Kildare is a county in Ireland. It is located in the province of Leinster and is part of the Mid-East Region. It is named after the town of Kildare. ...

Rosserk Friary

Rosserk Friary
Rosserk Friary is a friary located in County Mayo, Ireland and a National Monument.DescriptionRosserk Friary is one of the finest and best preserved of the Franciscan Friaries ...

Croghan Mountain

Croghan Mountain
Croghan Kinsella (Irish: Cruachán Uí Chinnsealaigh, meaning "little stack of the Kinsella family", is a mountain in the Wicklow Mountains, on the Wicklow/Wexford border; The term "Croghan," proper, is a ...

Lough Neagh

Lough Neagh
Lough Neagh, sometimes Loch Neagh,/ˌlɒx ˈneɪ/ is a freshwater lake in Northern Ireland. It is the largest lake in Northern Ireland, supplying forty percent of its water; the biggest on ...

St. Muredach's Cathedral

St. Muredach's Cathedral
St Muredach's Cathedral is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Killala in Ireland. It is located on the bank of the River Moy in Ballina, County Mayo. ...

Mullaghcleevaun

Mullaghcleevaun
Mullaghcleevaun is a mountain in County Wicklow, Republic of Ireland.GeographyAt 849 m tall, the mountain is the second highest of the Wicklow Mountains and the 20th highest ...

Dungarvan

Dungarvan
Dungarvan is a coastal town and harbour in County Waterford, on the south coast of Ireland. Prior to the merger of Waterford County Council with Waterford City Council in 2014, ...

Blarney Castle

Blarney Castle
Blarney Castle is a medieval stronghold in Blarney, near Cork, Ireland, and the River Martin. Though earlier fortifications were built on the same spot, the current keep was built by ...

Croagh Patrick Heritage Trail

Croagh Patrick Heritage Trail
The Croagh Patrick Heritage Trail is a long-distance trail in County Mayo, Ireland. It is 61 kilometres long and begins in Balla and ends in Murrisk. It is typically completed ...

Camaderry

Camaderry
Camaderry is a mountain in the Wicklow Mountains, just south of the Wicklow Gap in County Wicklow, which runs over the gap between it and Tonelagee Mountain. It dominates the ...

Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral

Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral
Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral, is a cathedral of the Church of Ireland in Cork city, Ireland. It is in the ecclesiastical province of Dublin. Begun in 1863, the cathedral was ...

Keadeen

Keadeen
Keadeen is a mountain of the Wicklow Mountains in western County Wicklow. Located near Donard and Baltinglass, it overlooks the Glen of Imaal to the north, Kiltegan to the south ...

Kilmainham Gaol

Kilmainham Gaol
Kilmainham Gaol is a former prison in Kilmainham, Dublin, Ireland. It is now a museum run by the Office of Public Works, an agency of the Government of Ireland. Many ...

Áras an Uachtaráin

Áras an Uachtaráin
Áras an Uachtaráin , formerly the Viceregal Lodge, is the official residence of the President of Ireland. It is located in the Phoenix Park on the northside of Dublin.

Muckross House

Muckross House
Muckross House is located on the small Muckross Peninsula between Muckross Lake and Lough Leane, two of the lakes of Killarney, 6 kilometres from the town of Killarney in County ...

The Little Museum of Dublin

The Little Museum of Dublin
The Little Museum of Dublin is a people's museum of Dublin, situated at 15 St. Stephens Green, Dublin, Ireland. The museum is located in an 18th-century Georgian town house owned ...

Hill of Tara

Hill of Tara
The Hill of Tara , located near the River Boyne, is an archaeological complex that runs between Navan and Dunshaughlin in County Meath, Ireland. It contains a number of ancient ...

National Gallery of Ireland

National Gallery of Ireland
The National Gallery of Ireland houses the Irish national collection of Irish and European art. It is located in the centre of Dublin with one entrance on Merrion Square, beside ...

Church of St Anne

Church of St Anne
The Church of St. Ann, Church of Saint Anne, St. Ann's Church, St. Anne's Church, St. Anne's Roman Catholic Church or variations may refer to:Holy LandSt Anne's ...

Irish National War Memorial Gardens

Irish National War Memorial Gardens
The Irish National War Memorial Gardens is an Irish war memorial in Islandbridge, Dublin, dedicated "to the memory of the 49,400 Irish soldiers who gave their lives in the Great ...

Leeds Castle

Leeds Castle
Leeds Castle is in Kent, England, 5 miles southeast of Maidstone. A castle has been on the site since 1119. In the 13th century it came into the hands of ...

Tintern Abbey

Tintern Abbey
Tintern Abbey was founded by Walter de Clare, Lord of Chepstow, on 9 May 1131. It is situated in the village of Tintern in Monmouthshire, on the Welsh bank of ...

Ashtown Castle

Ashtown Castle
Ashtown Castle a fortified house in the Phoenix Park in Dublin.It was found hidden within the walls of a much larger and more recent building that was being used by ...

St Mary's Pro-Cathedral

St Mary's Pro-Cathedral
St Mary's Church , known also as St Mary's Pro-Cathedral or simply the Pro-Cathedral, is a pro-cathedral and is the episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin and ...

Wicklow Mountains

Wicklow Mountains
The Wicklow Mountains form the largest continuous upland area in Ireland. They occupy the whole centre of County Wicklow and stretch outside its borders into Counties Carlow, Wexford and Dublin. ...

St. Michan's Church, Dublin

St. Michan's Church, Dublin
St. Michan's Church /ˈmɪʃən/ located in Church Street, Dublin, Ireland, is a Protestant church of the Anglican Communion. The first Christian chapel on this site dates from 1095, and operated ...

Down Cathedral

Down Cathedral
Down Cathedral, the Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, is a Church of Ireland cathedral located in the town of Downpatrick in Northern Ireland. It stands on Cathedral ...

Chester Beatty Library

Chester Beatty Library
The Chester Beatty Library was established in Dublin, Ireland in 1950, to house the collections of mining magnate, Sir Alfred Chester Beatty. The present library, on the grounds of Dublin ...

Old Jameson Distillery

Old Jameson Distillery
The Old Jameson Distillery is an Irish whiskey tourist attraction located just off Smithfield Square in Dublin, Ireland. Since opening as an attraction in 1997, it receives between 300,000 and ...

Dún Aonghasa

Dún Aonghasa
Dún Aonghasa is the most famous of several prehistoric forts on the Aran Islands of County Galway, Ireland. It is on Inishmore, at the edge of a 100 metre high ...

Kilkenny Castle

Kilkenny Castle
Kilkenny Castle is a castle in Kilkenny, Ireland built in 1195 by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke to control a fording-point of the River Nore and the junction of ...

Valentia Island

Valentia Island
Valentia Island is one of Ireland's most westerly points lying off the Iveragh Peninsula in the south-west of County Kerry. It is linked to the mainland by the Maurice O'Neill ...

King John's Castle

King John's Castle
King John's Castle is the name given to several large castles built in Ireland during the reign of King John of England , including those in:King John's Castle of Limerick ...

Trinity College Library

Trinity College Library
Trinity College Library Dublin is the library of Trinity College and the University of Dublin. It is the largest library in Ireland and, as a legal deposit or "copyright library", ...

Cobh Heritage Centre

Cobh Heritage Centre
The Cobh Heritage Centre is a museum located in Cobh, County Cork, Ireland. It is attached to Cobh railway station.The "Queenstown Experience", located at the centre, has mostly permanent exhibitions ...

St Canice's Cathedral

St Canice's Cathedral
St Canice's Cathedral, also known as Kilkenny Cathedral, is a cathedral of the Church of Ireland in Kilkenny city, Ireland. It is in the ecclesiastical province of Dublin.Previously the cathedral ...

Croke Park

Croke Park
Croke Park is a GAA stadium located in Dublin, Ireland. Named in honour of Archbishop Thomas Croke it is often called Croker by some GAA followers in Dublin, it serves ...

Rock of Cashel

Rock of Cashel
The Rock of Cashel , also known as Cashel of the Kings and St. Patrick's Rock, is a historic site located at Cashel, County Tipperary, Ireland.HistoryAccording to ...

Aviva Stadium

Aviva Stadium
The Aviva Stadium is a sports stadium located in Dublin, Ireland, with a capacity for 51,700 spectators . It is built on the site of the former Lansdowne Road stadium, ...

Temple Bar

Temple Bar
Temple Bar may refer to:Temple Bar, London, a spot in LondonTemple Bar, Dublin, a cultural quarter in DublinTemple Bar TradFest, a traditional Irish music and cultural festival at the location ...

Polesden Lacey

Polesden Lacey
Polesden Lacey is an Edwardian house and estate. It is located on the North Downs at Great Bookham, near Dorking, Surrey, England. It is owned and run by the National ...

Weald and Downland Open Air Museum

Weald and Downland Open Air Museum
The Weald and Downland Open Air Museum is an open-air museum at grid reference in Singleton, West Sussex, England. The Museum covers 50 acres , with nearly 50 historic buildings ...

Knole

Knole
Knole House is an English country house in the civil parish of Sevenoaks in west Kent. Sevenoaks consists of the town itself and then Knole Park a 1,000-acre park, within ...

Arundel

Arundel
Arundel is a market town and civil parish in a steep vale of the South Downs, West Sussex, England. It lies 49 miles SSW of London, 18 miles WNW of ...

Standen

Standen
Standen is an Arts and Crafts house located to the south of East Grinstead, West Sussex, England. The house and its surrounding gardens belong to the National Trust and are ...

Charleston

Charleston
Charleston most commonly refers to:Charleston, South Carolina, the largest US city named CharlestonCharleston, West Virginia, the state's capital and largest cityCharleston Charleston may also refer to:GeographyIn Australia:Charleston, ...

Fishbourne Roman Palace

Fishbourne Roman Palace
Fishbourne Roman Palace is in the village of Fishbourne, Chichester in West Sussex. The large palace was built in the 1st century AD, around thirty years after the Roman conquest ...

Monk's House

Monk's House
Monk's House is an 18th-century weatherboarded cottage in the village of Rodmell, three miles south-east of Lewes, East Sussex, England. The writer Virginia Woolf and her husband, the political activist, ...

Guildford Cathedral

Guildford Cathedral
The Cathedral Church of the Holy Spirit, Guildford is the Anglican cathedral at Guildford, Surrey, England, designed by Sir Edward Maufe built between 1936 and 1961 and is the seat ...

Cass Sculpture Foundation

Cass Sculpture Foundation
The Cass Sculpture Foundation is a charitable commissioning body based in Goodwood, West Sussex, England. The Foundation's 26 acre grounds are home to an ever-changing display of 80 monumental sculptures, ...

Pallant House Gallery

Pallant House Gallery
Pallant House Gallery is an art gallery in Chichester, West Sussex, England. It houses one of the best collections of 20th century British art in the world.The Gallery's collection is ...

Anne of Cleves House

Anne of Cleves House
Anne of Cleves House is a 15th-century timber-framed Wealden hall house on Southover High Street in Lewes, East Sussex, England. It formed part of Queen Anne's annulment settlement from King ...

All Saints Church

All Saints Church
All Saints Church, or All Saints' Church or variations on the name may refer to:AlbaniaAll Saints' Church, HimarëAustraliaAll Saints Church, Canberra, Australian Capital TerritoryAll ...

Long Man of Wilmington

Long Man of Wilmington
The Long Man of Wilmington is a hill figure located near Wilmington, East Sussex, England, on the steep slopes of Windover Hill. It is 6 miles northwest of Eastbourne and ...

Dún Aengus

Dún Aengus
Dún Aonghasa is the most famous of several prehistoric forts on the Aran Islands of County Galway, Ireland. It is on Inishmore, at the edge of a 100 metre high ...

National Museum of Decorative Arts and History

National Museum of Decorative Arts and History
The National Museum of Ireland - Decorative Arts & History is a branch of the National Museum of Ireland located at the former Collins Barracks in the Arbour Hill area ...

Belvedere House & Gardens

Belvedere House & Gardens
Belvedere House may mean:Belvedere House and Gardens, a famous country house in county Westmeath, IrelandBelvedere House, Erith, LondonBelvedere House on Belvedere Estate, a house in Calcutta, India that housed government ...

Dublinia

Dublinia
Dublinia is a historical recreation museum and visitor attraction in Dublin, Ireland, focusing on the Viking and Medieval history of the city. Dublinia is located in a part of Dublin's ...

Dunsany Castle

Dunsany Castle
Dunsany Castle , Dunsany, County Meath, Ireland is a modernised Norman castle, started c. 1180 / 1181 by Hugh de Lacy, who also commissioned Killeen Castle, nearby, and the famous ...

Bank of Ireland

Bank of Ireland
The Bank of Ireland is a commercial bank operation in Ireland and one of the traditional 'Big Four' Irish banks.Historically the premier banking organisation in Ireland, the Bank occupies a ...

Court House

Court House
A courthouse is a building that is home to a local court of law and often the regional county government as well, although this is not the case in some ...

Donegal Castle

Donegal Castle
Donegal Castle is a castle situated in the centre of Donegal town, County Donegal in the northwest of Ireland. For most of the last two centuries, the majority of the ...

Four Courts

Four Courts
The Four Courts is Ireland's main courts building, located on Inns Quay in Dublin. The Four Courts are the location of the Supreme Court, the High Court and the Dublin ...

Marsh's Library

Marsh's Library
Marsh's Library, situated in St. Patrick's Close, adjacent to St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, Ireland is a well-preserved library of the late Renaissance and early Enlightenment. When it opened to the ...

Mountjoy Square

Mountjoy Square
Mountjoy Square is a Georgian garden square in Dublin, Ireland, on the north side of the city just under a kilometre from the River Liffey. One of five Georgian squares ...

No. 29

No. 29
No 295 Squadron RAF was an airborne forces and transport squadron of the Royal Air Force during World War II. It was the first unit to be equipped with the ...

St. Francis Xavier Church

St. Francis Xavier Church
St. Francis Xavier Church, including ones named Cathedral, and variations may refer to:in AustraliaSt Francis Xavier's Cathedral, Adelaide, South Australiain GermanySt Francis Xavier Church, Dresden, Dresden, Saxonyin IndiaSt. Xavier's Church, ...

Museum of Country Life

Museum of Country Life
The Museum of Country Life is located in Turlough Village, 8 km northeast of Castlebar, County Mayo in Ireland. Established in 2001, the museum is part of the National Museum of ...

Sky Road

Sky Road
Clifden is a town on the coast of County Galway, Ireland and being Connemara's largest town, it is often referred to as "the Capital of Connemara". It is located on ...

Carrigaholt

Carrigaholt
Carrigaholt is a small fishing village in County Clare, Ireland, a castle and a Catholic parish by the same name.LocationCarrigaholt lies at the mouth of the Moyarta ...

County Kerry

County Kerry
County Kerry is a county in Ireland. It is located in the South-West Region and is also part of the province of Munster. It is named after the Ciarraige who ...

County Louth, Ireland

County Louth, Ireland
County Louth is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Leinster and is part of the Border Region. It is named after the village of Louth. Louth ...

Donegal

Donegal
Donegal or Donegal Town . The town is bypassed by the N15 and N56 roads. The centre of the town, known as The Diamond, is a hub for music, poetic ...

Gort & Around

Gort & Around
Gort is a town in south county Galway, in the west of Ireland. It lies just north of the border with County Clare on the main N18 Galway–Limerick road. Gort ...

Laois

Laois
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Lough Corrib

Lough Corrib
Lough Corrib is a lake in the west of Ireland. The River Corrib or Galway river connects the lake to the sea at Galway. It is the second largest lough ...

Quin

Quin
Quin may refer to:Quinlan a male given name, Quin is a shortened form of Quinlan.Dugall Quin, a character in the folk ballad Dugall QuinMr. Quin, a character in the short ...

Roundstone

Roundstone
Roundstone may refer to:Roundstone, County Galway, a village in the Republic of Ireland.Roundstone, West Sussex, a village in England.Roundstone Music, an English rock band. ...

Scattery Island

Scattery Island
Inis Cathaigh or Scattery Island is an island in the Shannon Estuary, Ireland. It lies off the coast of Kilrush, County Clare. The island is home to a lighthouse, a ...

county leitrim

county leitrim
County Leitrim is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Connacht and is part of the Border Region. It is named after the village of Leitrim and ...

county monaghan

county monaghan
County Monaghan is a county in Ireland. It is part of the Border Region and is in the province of Ulster. It is named after the town of Monaghan. Monaghan ...

county roscommon

county roscommon
County Roscommon is a county in Ireland. It is located in the province of Connacht, and also the West Region. It is named after the town of Roscommon. Roscommon comes ...

county westmeath

county westmeath
County Westmeath is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Leinster and is part of the Midlands Region. It originally formed part of the historic Kingdom of ...

northern ireland

northern ireland
Northern Ireland ; Ulster Scots: or is a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the northeast of the island of Ireland. It is variously ...

Baily Lighthouse

Baily Lighthouse
The Baily Lighthouse is a lighthouse on the southeastern part of Howth Head in Dublin, Ireland. It is maintained by the Commissioners of Irish Lights.History

Charleville Forest Castle

Charleville Forest Castle
Charleville Castle is a Gothic-style castle located in County Offaly, Ireland, bordering the town of Tullamore, near the River Clodiagh. It is considered one of the finest of its type ...

Hever Castle

Hever Castle
Hever Castle is located in the village of Hever, Kent, near Edenbridge, 30 miles south-east of London, England. It began as a country house, built in the 13th century. From ...

Chartwell

Chartwell
Chartwell was the principal adult home of Sir Winston Churchill. Churchill and his wife Clementine bought the property, located two miles south of Westerham, Kent, England, in 1922. Extensive renovations ...

Shelbourne Hotel

Shelbourne Hotel
The Shelbourne Hotel is a famous hotel situated in a landmark building on the north side of St Stephen's Green, in Dublin, Ireland. Currently operated by Marriott International, the hotel ...

Cork City Gaol

Cork City Gaol
Cork City Gaol is a former prison, now a museum, located in Cork City, Ireland.HistoryIn 1806 an Act of Parliament was passed to allow the building of ...

Powerscourt Townhouse Centre

Powerscourt Townhouse Centre
Richard Cassels , who anglicised his name to Richard Castle, ranks with Edward Lovett Pearce as one of the greatest architects working in Ireland in the 18th century. Cassels was ...

Castletown House

Castletown House
Castletown House, Celbridge, County Kildare, Ireland, is a Palladian country house built in 1722 for William Conolly, the Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. It formed the centrepiece of ...

Ightham Mote

Ightham Mote
Ightham Mote is a medieval moated manor house close to the village of Ightham, near Sevenoaks in Kent.Ightham Mote and its gardens are owned by the National Trust and open ...

University College Cork

University College Cork
University College Cork – National University of Ireland, Cork is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland. The university is located in Cork.The university was founded in 1845 ...

Garden of Remembrance

Garden of Remembrance
Garden of Remembrance may be:Garden of Remembrance , IrelandGarden of Remembrance, Lockerbie, Scotland, see: Pan Am Flight 103#Memorials and tributesGarden of Remembrance Garden of Remembrance , by Oneiroid Psychosis ...

The Spire

The Spire
The Spire is a 1964 novel by the English author William Golding. "A dark and powerful portrait of one man's will", it deals with the construction of the 404-foot high ...

Gate Theatre

Gate Theatre
The Gate Theatre has been, artistically and architecturally, a landmark building in Dublin for over 250 years. The present performance space was once part of the Rotunda Hospital; because it ...

Mellifont Abbey

Mellifont Abbey
Mellifont Abbey , located close to Drogheda in County Louth, was the first Cistercian abbey to be built in Ireland.OriginsFounded in 1142 on the orders of Saint ...

Sissinghurst Castle Garden

Sissinghurst Castle Garden
The garden at Sissinghurst Castle in the Weald of Kent, in England at Sissinghurst village, is owned and maintained by the National Trust. It is among the most famous gardens ...

City Hall

City Hall
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, a guildhall, or a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality. It usually ...

Achill Island

Achill Island
Achill Island in County Mayo is the largest island off the coast of Ireland, and is situated off the west coast. It has a population of 2,700. Its area is ...

Ardfert

Ardfert
Ardfert is a village in County Kerry, Ireland. Historically a religious centre, the economy of the locality is driven by agriculture and its position as a dormitory town, being only ...

Armagh City

Armagh City
Armagh City was a United Kingdom Parliament constituency, in Ireland.BoundariesThis constituency was the parliamentary borough of Armagh in County Armagh. It was the successor constituency to the ...

Avoca

Avoca
Avoca is the name of many places:In Ireland:Avoca, County Wicklow, the villageRiver Avoca, in County WicklowIn Australia:Avoca, New South WalesAvoca, TasmaniaAvoca, VictoriaAvoca Beach, New South WalesAvoca Lake, New South WalesNorth ...

Ballycastle

Ballycastle
Ballycastle may refer to:Ballycastle, County Antrim, a small town in Northern IrelandBallycastle, County Down, a townland in County Down, Northern IrelandBallycastle, County Londonderry, a townland in County Londonderry, Northern IrelandBallycastle, ...

Ballydavid

Ballydavid
Ballydavid is a Gaeltacht village in the Ard na Caithne region of the Dingle Peninsula of County Kerry, Ireland. As the 2003 Official Languages Act revoked the status of the ...

Baltimore

Baltimore
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 26th-most populous city in the country. It is the largest independent city in the United States.Founded in ...

Bangor

Bangor
Bangor may refer to:PlacesCanadaBangor, Nova ScotiaBangor, SaskatchewanUnited KingdomBangor, GwyneddBangor Railway StationBangor Bus StationBangor UniversityBangor MountainDiocese of Bangor Bangor-on-Dee , WrexhamBangor, County ...

Bantry

Bantry
Bantry Beann's people" is a town in the Civil Parish of Kilmocomoge in the barony of Bantry on the coast of West County Cork, Ireland. It lies at the head ...

Belfast

Belfast
Belfast is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland. Most of Belfast, including the city centre, is in County Antrim, but parts of East and South Belfast are in ...

Bennettsbridge & Around

Bennettsbridge & Around
Bennettsbridge is a village in County Kilkenny in Ireland. It is situated on the river Nore 6 kilometres south of Kilkenny city, in the centre of the county. Bennettsbridge is ...

Borris & Around

Borris & Around
Borris may refer to:PlacesBorris, Twomileborris, County Tipperary, a townlandBorris, Roscrea, County Tipperary, a townlandBorris, County Carlow, IrelandBorris, County Laois, a civil parish in County LaoisBorris Great, Borris, County Laois, a ...

Boyle & Around

Boyle & Around
Boyle is a common Irish and Scottish surname of Norman origin. Notable people with the surname include:Adam Boyle , multiple peopleAndrew Boyle , journalist and biographerBrendan F. Boyle , politicianBrian ...

Broadstairs

Broadstairs
locality

Caherdaniel

Caherdaniel
Caherdaniel is a village in County Kerry, Ireland, located on the Iveragh peninsula on the Ring of Kerry. It is on the southwestern side of the peninsula, facing onto Derrynane ...

Cape Clear Island

Cape Clear Island
Clear Island or Cape Clear Island lies south west of County Cork in Ireland. It is the southernmost inhabited part of the island of Ireland and has a population of ...

Carrickfergus

Carrickfergus
Carrickfergus , known locally and colloquially as "Carrick", is a large town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is located on the north shore of Belfast Lough, 11 miles from ...

Carrickmacross & Around

Carrickmacross & Around
Carrickmacross is a town in County Monaghan, Ireland. The town and environs had a population of 4,925 according to the 2011 census, making it the second largest town in the ...

Carton House

Carton House
Carton House was an estate and great house that was the ancestral seat of the Earls of Kildare and Dukes of Leinster. Located 14 miles west of Dublin, in Maynooth, ...

Castlebar & Around

Castlebar & Around
Castlebar is the county town of County Mayo, Ireland. It is in the middle of the county and is its largest town by population.A campus of Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology ...

Clogherhead & Ballyferriter

Clogherhead & Ballyferriter
Clogherhead is a fishing village in County Louth, Ireland. Located in a picturesque natural bay on the East Coast it is bordered by the villages of Annagassan to the north ...

Clonmel

Clonmel
Clonmel is the county town of County Tipperary in Ireland. It is the largest town in the county. While the borough had a population of 15,793 in 2011, another 2115 ...

Coleraine

Coleraine
Coleraine is a large town and civil parish near the mouth of the River Bann in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It is 55 miles northwest of Belfast and 30 miles ...

Cork City

Cork City
Cork is a city in Ireland. It is located in the South-West Region and in the province of Munster. With a population of 119,230, it is the second largest city ...

County Armagh

County Armagh
County Armagh is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland and one of the 32 traditional counties of Ireland, situated in the north-east of the island of Ireland. Adjoined ...

Crag Cave

Crag Cave
Crag Cave is a cave in Ireland, located just outside Castleisland, County Kerry.Formed in elevated limestone rock, the system extends to 3.8 kilometres of surveyed passage, on two levels. It ...

Crookhaven

Crookhaven
Crookhaven is a village in County Cork, Ireland, on the most southwestern tip of the island of Ireland. A winter population of about forty swells in the summer to about ...

Cushendall

Cushendall
Cushendall , formerly known as Newtown Glens, is a village and townland in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is situated in the historic barony of Glenarm Lower and the civil ...

Derry/Londonderry

Derry/Londonderry
Derry , officially Londonderry , is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland. The name Derry is an anglicisation of the Irish ...

Downpatrick

Downpatrick
Downpatrick is a medium-sized town about 33 km south of Belfast in County Down, Northern Ireland. It has been an important site since ancient times and its cathedral is said to ...

Duncannon & Around

Duncannon & Around
Duncannon is a village in southwest County Wexford, Ireland. Bordered to the west by Waterford harbour and sitting on a rocky headland jutting into the channel is the strategically prominent ...

Dungannon

Dungannon
Dungannon is a town in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is the third-largest town in the county and had a population of 15,889 at the 2011 Census. The Dungannon and ...

Dunquin

Dunquin
Dún Chaoin , meaning "Caon's stronghold", is a Gaeltacht village in west County Kerry, Ireland. Dunquin lies at the Western tip of the Dingle Peninsula, overlooking the Blasket Islands. At ...

Durrus

Durrus
Durrus is a village located in West Cork, six miles from Bantry, County Cork, Ireland. It is situated at the head of the Sheep's Head peninsula – a European Destination ...

Glen of Imaal

Glen of Imaal
The Glen of Imaal is a remote valley in the western Wicklow Mountains in Ireland. It is ringed by the Lugnaquilla massif and its foothills, including Table mountain and Keadeen. ...

Glencree

Glencree
Glencree is a valley in the Wicklow Mountains in eastern Ireland. It is the second closest valley in the mountains to Dublin city, the first being Glencullen. The River Dargle ...

Graiguenamanagh

Graiguenamanagh
Graiguenamanagh or Graignamanagh is a town in County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is located on the R705 regional road by the border with County Carlow on the River Barrow at the ...

Hillsborough

Hillsborough
Hillsborough is the name of:In AustraliaHillsborough, New South Wales, a suburb of Lake MacquarieIn CanadaHillsborough, New BrunswickHillsborough, Nova Scotia, in Inverness CountyHillsborough , a ...

Hook Head & Around

Hook Head & Around
Hook Head is a headland in County Wexford, Ireland located on the east side of the estuary of the three sisters rivers . It is part of the Hook peninsula ...

Inch

Inch
An inch is a unit of length in the imperial and United States customary systems of measurement. Historically an inch was also used in a number of other systems of ...

Inistioge

Inistioge
Inistioge is a small scenic village in County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is situated on the River Nore, 25 kilometres southeast of Kilkenny. Historically, the name has been spelt as Ennistioge, ...

Kerlin Gallery

Kerlin Gallery
The Kerlin Gallery is a contemporary art gallery in Dublin, Ireland.HistoryEstablished in Dublin 1988, Kerlin Gallery has built its international reputation through the representation of leading contemporary ...

Kilfenora

Kilfenora
Kilfenora is a village and a civil parish in County Clare, Ireland. It is situated south of the karst limestone region known as The Burren. Since medieval times when it ...

Kilkee

Kilkee
Kilkee is a small coastal town in County Clare, Ireland. It is in the parish of Kilkee, formerly Kilfearagh. Kilkee is midway between Kilrush and Doonbeg on the N67 road. ...

Laytown

Laytown
Laytown is a village on the R150 regional road on the Irish Sea coast of County Meath, Ireland. Historically it was called Ninch, after the townland it occupies. Together with ...

Limavady

Limavady
Limavady is a market town in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, with Binevenagh as a backdrop. Lying 17 miles east of Derry and 14 miles southwest of Coleraine, Limavady had a ...

Lisdoonvarna

Lisdoonvarna
Lisdoonvarna is a spa town of 822 people in County Clare in Ireland. The town is famous for its music and festivals.The town takes its name from the Irish Lios ...

Listowel

Listowel
Listowel is a market town in County Kerry, Ireland, and is situated on the River Feale, 28 km from the county town, Tralee. The combined population of Listowel Urban and Rural ...

Louisburgh

Louisburgh
Louisburgh is a small town on the southwest corner of Clew Bay in County Mayo, Ireland. It is home to Sancta Maria College and the Gráinne O'Malley Interpretive Centre.

Lower Lough Erne

Lower Lough Erne
Lough Erne or Loch Erne is the name of two connected lakes in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is the second-biggest lake system in Northern Ireland and Ulster, and the ...

Macgillycuddy's Reeks

Macgillycuddy's Reeks
MacGillycuddy's Reeks is a mountain range in County Kerry, Republic of Ireland. Stretching slightly over 19 km , it includes the highest peaks in Ireland and the only peaks on the ...

Melt

Melt
Melt can refer to:Sophie Robinson.Melting, in physics, the process of heating a solid substance to a liquidMelt , the semi-liquid material used in steelmaking and glassblowingMelt , magmaMelt Paul FinanMelt ...

Mitchelstown Caves

Mitchelstown Caves
Mitchelstown Cave is a limestone cave near Burncourt, County Tipperary, Ireland. Situated 12 kilometres from Mitchelstown, County Cork, it became the first cave in Ireland to be developed for the ...

Monaghan Town

Monaghan Town
Monaghan is the county town of County Monaghan, Ireland. Its population at the 2011 census was 8,012 including suburbs and environs. The town is on the N2 road from Dublin ...

Mount Usher Gardens

Mount Usher Gardens
Mount Usher Gardens, located at Ashford, Ireland, was laid out in 1868. It is spread on twenty acres of land along River Vartry, having more than 5000 plant species.

Mountmellick

Mountmellick
Mountmellick or Mountmellic is a town in the north of County Laois, Ireland. It lies on the N80 national secondary road and the R422 and R423 regional roads.

Mountshannon & Around

Mountshannon & Around
Mountshannon is a village in east County Clare, Ireland, and a Catholic parish by the same name. The village is on the western shore of Lough Derg, north of Killaloe. ...

Mourne Mountains

Mourne Mountains
The Mourne Mountains , also called the Mournes or Mountains of Mourne, are a granite mountain range in County Down in the south-east of Northern Ireland. It includes the highest ...

Nenagh & Around

Nenagh & Around
Nenagh is the county town and second largest town in County Tipperary in Ireland. In 2011 it had a recorded population of 7,995. It is a civil parish in the ...

New Ross

New Ross
New Ross is a town in southwest County Wexford, Ireland. It is located on the River Barrow, near the border with County Kilkenny, and is around 20 km north east of ...

Newbridge & the Curragh

Newbridge & the Curragh
Newbridge may refer to:PlacesIrelandNewbridge, County Kildare, sometimes known by its Irish name, Droichead NuaNewbridge, County GalwayUnited KingdomNewbridge, Bath, electoral wardNewbridge, Caerphilly ...

Newcastle

Newcastle
Newcastle usually refers to either:Newcastle upon Tyne, a city in Tyne and Wear, EnglandNewcastle, New South Wales, a metropolitan area in AustraliaNewcastle or New Castle may also refer to:

Newry

Newry
Newry is a city in Northern Ireland, 34 miles from Belfast and 67 miles from Dublin. It had a population of 29,946 in 2011.Newry was founded in 1144 alongside a ...

North Leitrim

North Leitrim
The North Leitrim by-election of 1908 was held on 21 February 1908. The by-election was held due to the resignation of the incumbent Irish Parliamentary MP, Charles Joseph Dolan in ...

Omagh

Omagh
Omagh is the county town of County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is situated where the rivers Drumragh and Camowen meet to form the Strule. Northern Ireland's capital city Belfast is ...

Patrick Kavanagh Centre

Patrick Kavanagh Centre
The Patrick Kavanagh Centre is located in Inniskeen, County Monaghan, Ireland. It is set up to commemorate the poet Patrick Kavanagh who is regarded as one of the foremost Irish ...

Pearse Museum

Pearse Museum
The Pearse Museum is dedicated to the memory of Patrick Pearse and his brother, William. Patrick Pearse was an educationalist and nationalist who was executed for his part in the ...

Penshurst Place

Penshurst Place
Penshurst Place is a historic building near Tonbridge, Kent, 32 miles south east of London, England. It is the ancestral home of the Sidney family, and was the birthplace of ...

Portrush

Portrush
Portrush is a small seaside resort town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, on the County Londonderry border. The main part of the old town, including the railway station as well ...

Portstewart

Portstewart
Portstewart is a small town in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It had a population of 7,803 people in the 2001 Census. It is a seaside resort neighbouring Portrush. Its harbour ...

Rathdrum

Rathdrum
Rathdrum may refer to:Rathdrum, Idaho, United StatesRathdrum, County Wicklow, Ireland ...

Roscommon Town

Roscommon Town
Roscommon Township is a civil township located in southern Roscommon County, Michigan at the south end of Houghton Lake. The population was 4,249 at the 2000 census.The Village of Roscommon ...

Rossmore Forest Park

Rossmore Forest Park
Rossmore Forest Park is a national forest park located in County Monaghan in Ireland run by the Irish States forestry organisation; Coillte. It is situated a few miles just outside ...

Roundwood

Roundwood
Roundwood, historically known as Tóchar , is a village in County Wicklow, Ireland. It was listed as having a population of 833 in the 2011 census.It is located where the ...

Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland

Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland
The Royal Institute of the Architects of Ireland founded in 1839, is the competent authority for architects and professional body for Architecture in the Republic of Ireland.The RIAI’s purpose is ...

Sandycove

Sandycove
Sandycove is an area of Dublin, Ireland. It is south east of Dún Laoghaire and Glasthule, and north west of Dalkey. It is a popular seaside resort.Sandycove is well known ...

Skellig Ring

Skellig Ring
. ...

Stradbally

Stradbally
Stradbally is a town in County Laois, Ireland, located in the midlands of Ireland along the N80 road, a National Secondary Route, about 12 km from Portlaoise. It is also a ...

Straide

Straide
Straide , or Strade, is a village in County Mayo, Ireland. It is located on the N58 national secondary road between Foxford and Castlebar. The name Strade is an anglicisation ...

Tara

Tara
Tara may refer to:Religions and deitiesTara , a tantric meditation deity in Tibetan BuddhismIn Hinduism:Tara , a Tantric goddess Another name for Taraka, the second wife of ...

Tramore

Tramore
Tramore is a seaside town in County Waterford on the southeast coast of Ireland. A small fishing village until the arrival of the railway in 1853, the town has continually ...

Upper Lough Erne

Upper Lough Erne
Lough Erne or Loch Erne is the name of two connected lakes in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is the second-biggest lake system in Northern Ireland and Ulster, and the ...

Warrenpoint

Warrenpoint
Warrenpoint is a small town and civil parish in County Down, Northern Ireland. It lies on the northern shore of Carlingford Lough and is separated from the Republic of Ireland ...

Waterford City

Waterford City
Waterford fjord"; Irish: , meaning "Lárag's port" is a city in Ireland. It is located in the South-East Region and is also part of the province of Munster. It is ...

Waterways Visitor Centre

Waterways Visitor Centre
Grand Canal Dock is an area near the city centre of Dublin, in the easternmost part of Dublin 2 and the westernmost part of Ringsend in Dublin 4, surrounding the ...

Youghal

Youghal
Youghal is a seaside resort town in County Cork, Ireland. Sitting on the estuary of the River Blackwater, in the past it was militarily and economically important. Being built on ...

Abbey Presbyterian Church

Abbey Presbyterian Church
Abbey Presbyterian Church is a church located at Parnell Square, Dublin. Designed by architect Andrew Heiton of Perth, Scotland, it is a decorated Gothic building, with a spire 180 feet ...

Bishop Lucey Park

Bishop Lucey Park
Bishop Lucey Park is a public park located between Grand Parade and South Main Street in the centre of Cork in Ireland. It is one of very few green spaces ...

Black Castle

Black Castle
Black Castle may refer to:Black Castle, East LothianBlack Castle of MoulinBlack Castle, Lough GurBlack Castle, WicklowBlack Castle, BristolBlack Castle, ruin near Zlatno, Zlaté Moravce DistrictBlack Castle, album by Royal FamThe ...

Central Bank

Central Bank
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates. Central banks also usually oversee the commercial banking system ...

County Louth Golf Club

County Louth Golf Club
County Louth Golf Club is a links golf course located in the village of Baltray, County Louth in Ireland. It is situated approximately 4 miles from the town of Drogheda.The ...

County Museum Dundalk

County Museum Dundalk
County Museum Dundalk is a county museum documenting the history of County Louth. The Museum is housed in the Carroll Centre at Roden Place in Jocelyn Street, in a restored ...

Courthouse

Courthouse
A courthouse is a building that is home to a local court of law and often the regional county government as well, although this is not the case in some ...

Friary

Friary
A priory is a monastery of men or women under religious vows that is headed by a prior or prioress. Priories may be houses of mendicant friars or religious sisters ...

General Post Office

General Post Office
The General Post Office was officially established in England in 1660 by Charles II and it eventually grew to combine the functions of state postal system and telecommunications carrier. Similar ...

George's Street Arcade

George's Street Arcade
George's Street Arcade is a shopping centre on South Great George's Street in Dublin. It is a Victorian style red-bricked indoor market of stalls and stores. It opened in 1881 ...

Government Buildings

Government Buildings
Government Buildings is a large Edwardian building enclosing a quadrangle on Merrion Street in Dublin, Ireland, in which several key offices of the Government of Ireland are located. It was ...

Grafton Street

Grafton Street
Grafton Street is one of the two principal shopping streets in Dublin city centre, the other being Henry Street. It runs from Saint Stephen's Green in the south to College ...

Ha'penny Bridge

Ha'penny Bridge
The Ha'penny Bridge , known later for a time as the Penny Ha'penny Bridge, and officially the Liffey Bridge, is a pedestrian bridge built in 1816 over the River Liffey ...

Huguenot Cemetery

Huguenot Cemetery
The Huguenot Cemetery in St. Augustine, Florida located across from the historic City Gate was a Protestant burial ground between the years 1821 and 1884. The Spanish colonial city of ...

Ireland's Eye

Ireland's Eye
Ireland's Eye is a small uninhabited island off the coast of County Dublin, Ireland, situated directly north of Howth Harbour. The island is easily reached by regular tourist boats. The ...

Kerry County Museum

Kerry County Museum
Kerry County Museum is a museum located in Tralee, County Kerry in Ireland. The museum is based in the Ashe Memorial Hall in the centre of Tralee. The aim of ...

Knowth

Knowth
Knowth is a Neolithic passage grave and an ancient monument of Brú na Bóinne in Ireland's valley of the River Boyne. It is the largest passage grave of the Brú ...

Long Valley

Long Valley
Long Valley may refer to:Long Valley Caldera in CaliforniaLong Valley, Lassen County, CaliforniaLong Valley, California, former name of Greenwood, El Dorado County, CaliforniaLong Valley, Hong KongLong Valley, New JerseyLong Valley, ...

Luan Gallery

Luan Gallery
The Luan Gallery is an publicly owned art gallery in Athlone, Westmeath, Ireland.The gallery opened in 2012, and the building consists of the older part, built in 1897, combined with ...

Mardyke

Mardyke
The Mardyke is an area in Cork city, on the northern half of the long western part of the island formed by the two channels of the River Lee ...

Merrion Square

Merrion Square
Merrion Square is a Georgian garden square on the southside of Dublin city centre.HistoryThe square was laid out after 1762 and was largely complete by the beginning ...

National Transport Museum Of Ireland

National Transport Museum Of Ireland
The National Transport Museum of Ireland is based in the grounds of Howth Castle in Ireland.The museum is located in the Heritage Depot, Howth Demesne, Howth, Ireland . 60 vehicles ...

O'Connell Street

O'Connell Street
O'Connell Street is Dublin's main thoroughfare. It measures 49 m in width at its southern end, 46 m at the north, and is 500 m in length. During the 17th century it was ...

Octagon

Octagon
In geometry, an octagon is a polygon that has eight sides.A regular octagon has Schläfli symbol {8} and can also be constructed as a quasiregular truncated square, t{4}, which alternates ...

Olympia Theatre

Olympia Theatre
Olympia Theatre may refer to:Olympia Theatre , a concert hall/theatre venue in Dublin, Ireland, located in Dame StreetOlympia Theatre , a theatre complex built by impresario Oscar Hammerstein I in ...

Paul Street

Paul Street
Paul Street may refer to:Paul Street , American journalist, author, professor, and political commentatorPaul Street , British film directorThe Paul Street Boys, a 1906 novel by Ferenc MolnárThe Boys of ...

Protestant Church

Protestant Church
Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice which originated with the Protestant Reformation, a movement against what its followers considered to be errors in the Roman Catholic Church. ...

Reginald's Tower

Reginald's Tower
Reginald’s Tower is a historic tower in Waterford, Munster, Ireland. It is located at the eastern end of the city quay. The tower has been in usage for different purposes ...

Rotunda Hospital

Rotunda Hospital
The Rotunda Hospital is one of the three main maternity hospitals in the city of Dublin, the others being the Coombe and the National Maternity Hospital. The hospital is located ...

Royal Hibernian Academy

Royal Hibernian Academy
The Royal Hibernian Academy is an artist-based and artist-oriented institution in Ireland, founded in Dublin in 1823.HistoryThe RHA was founded as the result of 30 Irish artists ...

Royal Irish Academy

Royal Irish Academy
The Royal Irish Academy , based in Dublin, is an all-Ireland, independent, academic body that promotes study and excellence in the sciences, humanities and social sciences. It is one of ...

Sandymount Strand

Sandymount Strand
Sandymount Strand is a large strand on the east coast of Ireland, adjacent to the village and suburb of Sandymount in Dublin. The strand, which is part of the South ...

Selskar Abbey

Selskar Abbey
Selskar Abbey is a ruined twelfth-century abbey in Wexford Town. it was an Augustinian House whose proper name was the Priory of St. Peter and St. Paul. The surviving ruins ...

Sligo County Museum

Sligo County Museum
Sligo County Museum is a museum dedicated to the history of County Sligo. The Museum is housed in a former manse on Stephen Street, Sligo town.HistorySligo County ...

St. Ann's Church

St. Ann's Church
The Church of St. Ann, Church of Saint Anne, St. Ann's Church, St. Anne's Church, St. Anne's Roman Catholic Church or variations may refer to:Holy LandSt Anne's ...

St. John's Church

St. John's Church
St. John's Church, Church of St. John, or variants, thereof, may refer to the following churches, former churches or other places:ArmeniaChurch of St. John, Mastara

St. Laurence's Gate

St. Laurence's Gate
Saint Laurence Gate is a barbican which was built in the 13th century as part of the walled fortification's of the medieval town of Drogheda in Ireland. A barbican or ...

St. Nicholas of Myra's Church

St. Nicholas of Myra's Church
St Nicholas of Myra's Church is a redundant Anglican church in the village of Ozleworth, Gloucestershire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated ...

St. Patrick's College

St. Patrick's College
Saint Patrick's College or Saint Patrick College may refer to:In Australia:St Patrick's College, Ballarat, VictoriaSt Patrick's College, Campbelltown, New South WalesSt Patrick's College, East Melbourne, VictoriaSt Patrick's College, Goulburn, New ...

St. Patrick's Street

St. Patrick's Street
St Patrick's Street is the main shopping street of the city of Cork in the south of Ireland. Since its redevelopment in 2004, it has twice won the award as ...

The Ark

The Ark
Ark may refer to:MusicBandsArk , a Bangladeshi rock bandArk , a progressive metal bandArk , a melodic rock bandThe Ark , Swedish glam-rock band

Tholsel

Tholsel
The term Tholsel refers to extant and former public buildings in Ireland's towns and cities.The actual meaning of the word is uncertain. Buildings described as, or called, a Tholsel have ...

Wall of Fame

Wall of Fame
A hall of fame is a structure housing memorials to famous or illustrious individuals usually chosen by a group of electors. The meaning of "Fame" has changed over the years, ...

Westgate Tower

Westgate Tower
The Westgate is a medieval gatehouse in Canterbury, Kent, England. This 60-foot high western gate of the city wall is the largest surviving city gate in England. Built of Kentish ...

Derrynane House

Derrynane House
Derrynane House was the home of Irish politician and statesman, Daniel O'Connell. It is now an Irish National Monument and part of a 320-acre National Park.Derrynane House is the ancestral ...

Rock of Dunamase

Rock of Dunamase
Dunamase or The Rock of Dunamase is a rocky outcrop in the townland of Park or Dunamase in County Laois. The rock, 46 metres above a flat plain, has the ...

Cahir Castle

Cahir Castle
Cahir Castle , one of the largest castles in Ireland, is sited on an island in the river Suir. It was built from 1142 by Conor O'Brien, Prince of Thomond. ...

Waverley Abbey

Waverley Abbey
Waverley Abbey was the first Cistercian abbey in England. It was founded in 1128 by William Giffard, Bishop of Winchester. Located in Farnham, Surrey, about 2 miles southeast of the ...

Arundel Castle

Arundel Castle
Arundel Castle is a restored and remodeled medieval castle in Arundel, West Sussex, England. It was established by Roger de Montgomery on Christmas Day 1067. Roger became the first to ...

Kylemore Abbey

Kylemore Abbey
Kylemore Abbey is a Benedictine monastery founded in 1920 on the grounds of Kylemore Castle, in Connemara, County Galway, Ireland. The abbey was founded for Benedictine Nuns who fled Belgium ...

St. Mary's Church

St. Mary's Church
St. Mary's Church, St. Mary the Virgin's Church, St. Mary Church, Saint Mary Church, or other variations on the name, is a commonly used name for specific churches of various ...

Jameson Experience

Jameson Experience
The Jameson Experience, Midleton, is an Irish whiskey tourist attraction located in the Old Midleton Distillery in Midleton, County Cork, Ireland. Since opening as an attraction in 1992, it receives ...

Petworth House

Petworth House
Petworth House in Petworth, West Sussex, England, is a late 17th-century Grade I listed country house, rebuilt in 1688 by Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, and altered in the ...

Irish National Stud

Irish National Stud
The Irish National Stud is a Thoroughbred horse breeding facility in Tully, Kildare, County Kildare, Ireland. It was formally established by incorporation on 11 April 1946 under the National Stud ...

Mount Juliet Golf Course

Mount Juliet Golf Course
The Mount Juliet Hotel & Golf Course is situated in Mount Juliet Estate Thomastown, County Kilkenny, Ireland.HistoryThe Mount Juliet Estate was named by the Earl of Carrick ...

Lahinch Golf Club

Lahinch Golf Club
Lahinch Golf Club is a world renowned links golf course in the village of Lahinch on the northwest coast of County Clare, in northern Munster, Ireland. It is situated approximately ...

Lewes Castle

Lewes Castle
Lewes Castle stands at the highest point of Lewes, East Sussex, England on an artificial mound constructed with chalk blocks. It was originally called Bray Castle.HistoryThe first ...

Ardara

Ardara
Ardara may refer to:Ardara, Sardinia, a comune in the Province of Sassari in the Italian region Sardinia.Ardara, County Donegal, a small town in County Donegal, Ireland.Ardara Road Halt railway station ...

Armagh County Museum

Armagh County Museum
The Armagh County Museum is a museum in Armagh, County Armagh, Northern Ireland. Located on the edge of the tree-lined Mall in the centre of Armagh city, the museum is ...

Armagh Planetarium

Armagh Planetarium
Armagh Planetarium is a planetarium located in Armagh, Northern Ireland close to the city centre and neighbouring Armagh Observatory in approximately fourteen acres of landscaped grounds known as the Armagh ...

Ballyconnell

Ballyconnell
Ballyconnell is a town in County Cavan, Ireland. It is situated on the N87 national secondary road at the junction of four townlands Annagh, Cullyleenan, Doon and Derryginny in the ...

Beamish & Crawford Brewery

Beamish & Crawford Brewery
Beamish may refer to:Beamish , a nonsense word from the 1872 poem "Jabberwocky" by Lewis CarrollBeamish Stout, an Irish stoutBeamish, County Durham, a village in EnglandBeamish Museum, an open-air museum ...

Belfast Wheel

Belfast Wheel
The Belfast Wheel was a 60-metre tall transportable Ferris wheel installation in the centre of Belfast, Northern Ireland, in the grounds on the east side of Belfast City Hall.

Belturbet

Belturbet
Belturbet is a town in County Cavan, Republic of Ireland. It lies on the N3 road, around 14 km north of Cavan town and 123 km from Dublin. It is also located ...

Blacklion & Around

Blacklion & Around
Blacklion is a border village in west County Cavan, Ireland. It is situated on the N16 national primary road, just across the border from the County Fermanagh village of Belcoo.

Bruckless

Bruckless
Bruckless is a small village in southwest Donegal, Ireland, with a population of around 200. It lies on the N56 national secondary road which links it to Donegal Town 20 km ...

Buncrana

Buncrana
Buncrana Crana" is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. It is beside Lough Swilly on the Inishowen peninsula, 23 kilometres northwest of Derry and 43 kilometres north of Letterkenny. In ...

Carndonagh

Carndonagh
Carndonagh on the Inishowen peninsula in County Donegal, Ireland. The town lies close to the shores of Trawbeaga Bay. Carndonagh is the site of the Donagh Cross, which belonged to ...

Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity

Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity
The Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore located in Barronstrand Street, Waterford City, Ireland.HistoryThe ...

Clonony Castle

Clonony Castle
Clonony is a hamlet in County Offaly, Ireland, on the R357 regional road. Located between the River Brosna and the Grand Canal, it is noted for its late medieval tower ...

Cloverhill

Cloverhill
Cloverhill or Clover Hill is an unincorporated community located at the intersection of the boundaries of East Amwell and Raritan townships in Hunterdon County and Hillsborough Township in Somerset County, ...

Culdaff & Around

Culdaff & Around
Culdaff is a village on the Inishowen peninsula of County Donegal, Ireland. Popular for its beach and housing, it attracts people from all over Ireland. It has a population of ...

Dunfanaghy & Around

Dunfanaghy & Around
Dunfanaghy . Before the Plantation, Dunfanaghy was part of the territory of the McGinley clan, a clan of the Cineál Luidhdheach, a branch of the greater Cineál Chonaill. The McGinley ...

Dungloe

Dungloe
An Clochán Liath is a Gaeltacht town in County Donegal, Ireland. It is the main town in The Rosses and the largest in the Donegal Gaeltacht. Dungloe developed as a ...

Dunlewey & Around

Dunlewey & Around
Dunlewey or Dunlewy, officially known by its Irish name Dún Lúiche, is a small Gaeltacht village in the Gweedore area of County Donegal, Ireland. It sits in the Poisoned Glen, ...

Enniscrone

Enniscrone
Enniscrone – also spelt Inniscrone and officially named Inishcrone – is a small seaside town in County Sligo, Ireland. Its sandy beach, tourist campsite, and golf course all attract a ...

Greencastle

Greencastle
Greencastle may refer to:In the United States:Greencastle, Indiana, a cityGreencastle, KentuckyGreencastle, Missouri, a cityGreencastle, Pennsylvania, a boroughGreencastle, West Virginia, an unincorporated communityGreencastle, Kanawha County, West Virginia, an unincorporated communityOn the ...

Gweedore & Around

Gweedore & Around
Gweedore is an Irish-speaking parish located on the Atlantic coast of County Donegal, Ireland. Gweedore stretches some 16 miles from Meenaclady in the north to Crolly in the south and ...

Inch Abbey

Inch Abbey
Inch Abbey is a large, ruined monastic site 0.75 miles north-west of Downpatrick, County Down, Northern Ireland, on the north bank of the River Quoile in a hollow between two ...

Lifford

Lifford
Lifford is the county town of County Donegal, Ireland. It is the administrative capital of the county and the seat of Donegal County Council, although the town of Letterkenny is ...

Listowel Castle

Listowel Castle
The last bastion against Queen Elizabeth I in the First Desmond Rebellion, Listowel Castle was built in the 15th century and was the last fortress of the Geraldines to be ...

Lough Oughter & Killykeen Forest Park

Lough Oughter & Killykeen Forest Park
Lough Oughter is a lake, or complex of lakes, in County Cavan covering approximately 8931 hectares. It is on the River Erne, and forms the southern part of the Lough ...

Lyric Theatre

Lyric Theatre
Lyric Theatre or Lyric Theater may refer to:AustraliaLyric Theatre, Sydney, within The Star casino in Sydney, New South WalesLyric Theatre, part of the Queensland Performing Arts Centre, ...

Museum of Free Derry

Museum of Free Derry
The Museum of Free Derry is a museum located in Derry, Northern Ireland that focuses on the 1960s civil rights era known as The Troubles and the Free Derry Irish ...

Rathmelton

Rathmelton
Ramelton is a town in County Donegal, Ireland. Its population is 1,212 .Ramelton is situated at the mouth of the River Lennon, 11 km north of Letterkenny and 4 km east of ...

Riverstown

Riverstown
Riverstown, historically called Ballyederdaowen , is a village in County Sligo, Ireland. It is located at a bridging point of the River Unshin , about 19 km south of Sligo town ...

Rossnowlagh

Rossnowlagh
Rossnowlagh is a seaside village in south County Donegal, Ireland. It is about 8.5 km north of Ballyshannon and 16.0 km southwest of Donegal Town. The area's 3 km long beach is popular ...

Strandhill

Strandhill
Strandhill or occasionally Larass is a coastal village and townland in County Sligo, Ireland. The old name appears to be Ros Dragnige .LocationStrandhill is situated at the ...

The Steam Museum

The Steam Museum
There are many steam museums around the world.Powerhouse Museum in SydneyOntario Agricultural Museum in Milton, OntarioSteam Era in Milton, OntarioHamilton Museum of Steam and Technology in Hamilton, OntarioPallot Heritage Steam ...

Tí Chulainn

Tí Chulainn
Tí Chulainn is a cultural, events and accommodation centre located in Mullaghbawn in South Armagh, in Northern Ireland. The centre is maintained by a not-for-profit local community group, Tí Chulainn ...

Waterworld

Waterworld
Waterworld is a 1995 American post-apocalyptic science fiction action film directed by Kevin Reynolds and co-written by Peter Rader and David Twohy. It was based on Rader's original 1986 screenplay ...

Dickens World

Dickens World
Dickens World is a themed attraction located at Chatham Dockyard in Kent, England. After a soft opening in April, Dickens World officially opened to the public on 25 May 2007.

Bateman's

Bateman's
Bateman's is a 17th-century house located in Burwash, East Sussex, England. Author Rudyard Kipling lived in Bateman's from 1902 to his death in 1936. His wife left the house to ...

Bleak House

Bleak House
Bleak House, a novel by Charles Dickens, was first published as a serial between March 1852 and September 1853, and is considered to be one of Dickens' finest novels, containing ...

Caragh Lake

Caragh Lake
Caragh Lake is a large and scenic lake in County Kerry, Ireland.Caragh Lake railway station was on the Great Southern and Western Railway line which ran from Farranfore to Valentia ...

Church of King Charles the Martyr

Church of King Charles the Martyr
The Church of King Charles the Martyr is a Church of England parish church in Royal Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England. It is a Grade I listed building.HistoryIn ...

Claddagh

Claddagh
Claddagh is an area close to the centre of Galway city, where the Corrib River meets Galway Bay. It was formerly a fishing village, just outside the old city walls. ...

Clifden Castle

Clifden Castle
Clifden Castle is a ruined manor house west of the town of Clifden in the Connemara region of County Galway, Ireland. It was built circa 1818 for John D'Arcy, the ...

Creevykeel

Creevykeel
Creevykeel Court Tomb is one of the better examples of a court tomb in Ireland. The monument is located on the foothills of Tievebaun Mountain close to the sea near ...

Cruises Street

Cruises Street
Cruises Street is the main shopping street of Limerick, Ireland. The street takes its name from Cruises Royal Hotel, the once well known Limerick landmark that stood where Cruises Street ...

Dunbeg Fort

Dunbeg Fort
Dunbeg Fort is a promontory fort built in the Iron Age near the modern village of Ventry in County Kerry, Ireland.LocationDunbeg Fort is located on a rocky ...

Enniscorthy Castle

Enniscorthy Castle
Enniscorthy Castle is situated in Enniscorthy, County Wexford. The current castle was originally built in the 16th century and houses the Wexford County Museum.HistoryThe first castle was ...

Fore Abbey

Fore Abbey
Fore Abbey is the old Benedictine Abbey ruin, situated to the north of Lough Lene in County Westmeath, Ireland.Fore village, is situated within a valley between two hills: the Hill ...

Guildford Museum

Guildford Museum
Guildford Museum is the main museum is in the town of Guildford, Surrey, England. The museum is on Quarry Street, a narrow road lined by pre-1900 cottages running just off ...

Hermitage

Hermitage
Hermitage or The Hermitage may refer to:ReligionHermitage , a place of religious seclusionPeopleRobbyn Hermitage, Canadian badminton playerPlacesAustraliaThe Hermitage ...

Herstmonceux

Herstmonceux
Herstmonceux is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. The parish includes Herstmonceux Castle, the village of Cowbeech and a number of smaller hamlets.

Japanese Gardens

Japanese Gardens
The Hayward Japanese Gardens, located near downtown Hayward, are the oldest Japanese gardens in California designed along traditional lines. They are maintained by the Hayward Area Recreation and Park District ...

Killary Harbour

Killary Harbour
Killary Harbour/An Caoláire Rua is a fjard located in the west of Ireland in the heart of Connemara which forms a natural border between counties Galway and Mayo. It is ...

Knappogue Castle

Knappogue Castle
Knappogue Castle is a tower house, built in 1467 and expanded in the mid-19th century, located in the parish of Quin, County Clare, Ireland. It has been restored and is ...

Knockmealdown Mountains

Knockmealdown Mountains
The Knockmealdown Mountains is a mountain range located on the border of counties Tipperary and Waterford in Ireland, running east and west between the two counties. The highest peak ...

Laracor

Laracor
Laracor is a civil parish which is located in Co Meath in Ireland. ...

Mount Melleray Abbey

Mount Melleray Abbey
Mount Melleray Abbey is a Cistercian Trappist monastery in Ireland, founded in 1833. It is situated on the slopes of the Knockmealdown Mountains, near Cappoquin, Diocese of Waterford. It is ...

O'Brien's Castle

O'Brien's Castle
Dough Castle is a ruined castle at Lahinch in County Clare, western Ireland. It was built by the O'Connors in 1306 and in 1584 it was held by the family ...

O'Connell Street

O'Connell Street
O'Connell Street is Dublin's main thoroughfare. It measures 49 m in width at its southern end, 46 m at the north, and is 500 m in length. During the 17th century it was ...

Pantiles

Pantiles
The Pantiles is a Georgian colonnade in the town of Royal Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England. Formerly known as The Walks and the Parade, it leads from the well that gave ...

Parke's Castle

Parke's Castle
Rising three storeys tall, in an idyllic setting on the banks of Lough Gill, in County Leitrim, Ireland, Parke’s Castle is a plantation era castle. In 1610 Roger Parke completed ...

Piper's Stones

Piper's Stones
The Piper's Stones or the Athgreany stone circle is a bronze age stone circle at Athgreany, County Wicklow. It sits on a low hillock overlooking the N81, 2km south of ...

Poulaphouca Reservoir

Poulaphouca Reservoir
Poulaphouca Reservoir, officially Pollaphuca , is an active reservoir and area of wild bird conservation in west County Wicklow, Ireland. It is also known locally as "Blessington Lakes".

Rossbeigh

Rossbeigh
Rossbeigh is a beach, approximately 1.6 km from the village of Glenbeigh, in County Kerry, Ireland. It is on the Ring of Kerry on the Iveragh Peninsula.Rossbeigh is part of the ...

Rosslare Harbour

Rosslare Harbour
The village of Rosslare Harbour grew up to serve the needs of the harbour of the same name , first developed in 1906 by the Great Western Railway and the ...

Round Tower

Round Tower
Round tower may refer to:Types of towerA type of fortified tower with a circular floor planIrish round tower, a type of early mediaeval stone towerBroch, a type ...

Round Tower

Round Tower
Round tower may refer to:Types of towerA type of fortified tower with a circular floor planIrish round tower, a type of early mediaeval stone towerBroch, a type ...

Salmon Weir Bridge

Salmon Weir Bridge
The River Corrib in the west of Ireland flows from Lough Corrib through Galway to Galway Bay. The river is among the shortest in Europe, with only a length of ...

Salthill

Salthill
Salthill is a seaside area in the City of Galway in the west of Ireland. Lying within the townland of Lenaboy , it attracts many tourists all year round. There ...

Silken Thomas

Silken Thomas
Thomas FitzGerald, 10th Earl of Kildare , also known as Silken Thomas , was a leading figure in 16th-century Irish history.LifeThomas Fitzgerald was born in London in ...

Skellig Michael

Skellig Michael
Skellig Michael , or Great Skellig , is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, 11.6 km west of the Iveragh Peninsula in County Kerry, Ireland. A Christian monastery was founded on ...

Slane Hill

Slane Hill
Slane is a village in County Meath, in Ireland. The village stands on a steep hillside on the left bank of the River Boyne at the intersection of the N2 ...

St. Aidan's Cathedral

St. Aidan's Cathedral
St. Aidan's Cathedral is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Ferns. It is located in Enniscorthy, County Wexford, in Ireland. It was built in 1843 and was ...

St. Anne's Park

St. Anne's Park
St Anne's Park is a public park within Dublin City Council, situated between Raheny and Clontarf, both suburbs on the northside of Dublin, Ireland.The park, the second largest municipal park ...

St. Columba's

St. Columba's
St Columba's may refer to:ChurchesCathedral of St. Eunan and St Columba, Letterkenny, IrelandSt Columba's-by-the-Castle, Edinburgh, ScotlandSt. Columba's Cathedral, Oban, ScotlandSt. Columba's Chapel St Columba's Church, Chester, EnglandSt ...

Staigue Fort

Staigue Fort
Staigue or Staig is a partly ruined stone ringfort three miles west of Sneem, on the Iveragh peninsula in County Kerry, Ireland. The fort is thought to have been built ...

Summerhill

Summerhill
Summerhill or Summer Hill may refer to:AustraliaSummer Hill, New South Wales, a suburb of SydneySummerhill, Tasmania, a suburb of LauncestonCanadaSummerhill, Toronto, Ontario, a neighbourhoodSummerhill ...

Swiss Cottage

Swiss Cottage
Swiss Cottage is a district of the London Borough of Camden in London. It is located 3.25 miles north-northwest of Charing Cross. It is centred on the junction of Avenue ...

Timoleague Abbey

Timoleague Abbey
Timoleague Friary is a Franciscan friary located in Timoleague, County Cork, Ireland. It dates from about 1300.Timoleague FriaryInterior of churchBell towerWindow of church ...

Wisley

Wisley
Wisley is a village and civil parish in Surrey, England between Cobham and Woking, in the Borough of Guildford. It is the home of the Royal Horticultural Society's Wisley Garden. ...

Yellow Steeple

Yellow Steeple
St. Mary's Abbey in Trim, County Meath, Ireland is a former Augustinian Abbey dedicated to the Blessed Virgin. The abbey was situated on the north bank of the River Boyne, ...

Belturbet Railway Station

Belturbet Railway Station
Belturbet was the former terminus station of both the 4¼ mile Ballyhaise to Belturbet branch of the Great Northern Railway line and of the Cavan and Leitrim Railway. For many ...

Corleggy

Corleggy
Corleggy Cheeses is an Irish farmhouse making a selection of cheese in County Cavan. Started by Silke Cropp in 1985 using milk from her own herd of goat; today Corleggy ...

Donegal County Museum

Donegal County Museum
Donegal County Museum is a county museum, officially recognised by the Government of Ireland as the best in the country. Located on High Road in Letterkenny, the building opened to ...

Maritime Museum

Maritime Museum
A maritime museum is a museum specializing in the display of objects relating to ships and travel on large bodies of water. A subcategory of maritime museums are naval museums, ...

St. Eunan's Cathedral

St. Eunan's Cathedral
St Eunan's Cathedral may refer to:The Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. Eunan and St. Columba in Letterkenny, County Donegal, Ireland.The Anglican St Eunan's Cathedral, Raphoe in Donegal ...