Top 10 things to do in Cyprus

Cyprus

The third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, and a member state of the European Union.

Cyprus is a country.

Cyprus (i/ˈsaɪprəs/; Greek: Κύπρος [ˈcipros]; Turkish: Kıbrıs [ˈkɯbɾɯs]), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea.[e] Cyprus is the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, and a member state of the European Union. It is located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt and east of Greece.

The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC. At a strategic location in the Middle East, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great. Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Roman Empire, the Byzantines, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 1571 and 1878 (de jure until 1914).

Cyprus was placed under British administration on 4 June 1878 (formally annexed by Britain on 5 November 1914, in response to the Ottoman government's decision to join World War I on the side of the Central Powers) until it was granted independence in 1960, becoming a member of the Commonwealth in 1961. In 1963, the 11-year intercommunal violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots started, which almost sparked a war in 1964 between Turkey and Greece. This was avoided through the last minute intermediation of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. Ten years later, on 15 July 1974, the Cypriot coup d'état was staged by Greek Cypriot nationalists and elements of the Greek military junta with the aim of achieving Enosis (union of Cyprus with Greece). Turkey, as one of the three "Guarantor States" in Cyprus (together with the United Kingdom and Greece) according to the Treaty of Guarantee (1960), used the Enosis attempt as a pretext to invade the northern portion of the island five days later, on 20 July 1974. Turkish forces remained in Cyprus after the cease-fire, resulting in the effective partitioning of the island, an objective of Turkey since 1955. The intercommunal violence, attempted coup by Greek forces and subsequent Turkish invasion led to the displacement of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots, and the establishment in 1983 of a separate Turkish Cypriot political entity in the north. These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute.

The Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the island of Cyprus and its surrounding waters, according to international law, except for the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, administered as Sovereign Base Areas. However, the Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts; the area under the effective control of the Republic, comprising about 59% of the island's area, and the Turkish-controlled area in the north, calling itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and recognised only by Turkey, covering about 36% of the island's area. The international community considers the northern part of the island as territory of the Republic of Cyprus illegally occupied by Turkish forces.

Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. With an advanced, high-income economy and a very high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the Eurozone.

Overall rating: 4.6
Country
Typical length of visit: 4 days

Top 10 things to do in Cyprus

Protaras

Protaras
Protaras is a predominantly tourist resort which comes under the administrative jurisdiction of Paralimni Municipality in Cyprus. In ancient times, where Protaras is now located, stood the old city-state of ...

Ayia Napa

Ayia Napa
Ayia Napa is a resort at the far eastern end of the southern coast of Cyprus.EtymologyThe name Ayia Napa is derived from a Venetian-era monastery of the ...

Pervolia

Pervolia
Pervolia is a village located in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, 16 km west of Larnaca.HistoryIn the very ancient years, Pervolia used to be the rest place ...

Argaka

Argaka
Argaka is a village in the Paphos District of Cyprus, located 7 km northeast of Polis Chrysochous. ...

Limassol

Limassol
Limassol or Lemesos is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and capital of the eponymous district. Limassol is the second largest city in Cyprus, with an urban population ...

Larnaca

Larnaca
Larnaca is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and the capital of the eponymous district. It is the third-largest city in the country, after Nicosia and Limassol, with ...

Pissouri

Pissouri
Pissouri is a village located in Limassol’s district, Cyprus , between Limassol and Paphos. Pissouri’s administrative area is the third biggest in Limassol District. The main settlement of Pissouri is ...

Paralimni

Paralimni
Paralimni is a town situated in the southeast of Cyprus, slightly inland, within the Famagusta District. Since the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus, it has increased in size and status, ...

Polis

Polis
Polis , plural poleis literally means city in Greek. It can also mean citizenship and body of citizens. In modern historiography, polis is normally used to indicate the ancient Greek ...

Paphos

Paphos
Paphos /ˈpæfɒs/ is a coastal city in the southwest of Cyprus and the capital of Paphos District. In antiquity, two locations were called Paphos: Old Paphos and New Paphos. The ...

Platres

Platres
Platres is a mountainous village in Cyprus. It is located on the southern slopes of the Troödos Mountains and is one of the Krasochoria . Platres is the largest Troodos ...

Pegeia

Pegeia
Pegeia is a town in the Paphos District of Cyprus. Pegeia is situated mainly on the steep slopes of the coastal hills inland from Coral Bay, at the southern end ...

Kiti, Cyprus

Kiti, Cyprus
Kiti is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, located 11 km southwest of Larnaca.ClimateThe climate in this area is described by the Köppen Climate Classification ...

Tala, Cyprus

Tala, Cyprus
Tala is a large suburban village 6 km north of Paphos, Cyprus. Many non-Cypriots have moved here permanently or have a summer home in Tala. Ayios Neofytos Monastery is 1 km north.Tala ...

Chloraka

Chloraka
Chloraka is a Village in the Paphos District of Cyprus, located 3 km north of Paphos. The town is host to Akritas Chlorakas a Cypriot Second Division football team. ...

Kakopetria

Kakopetria
Kakopetria is a Town in Cyprus located 55 kilometers southwest of the capital, Nicosia, on the north facing foothills of the Troodos Mountains. It stands at an altitude of 667 ...

Lefkara

Lefkara
Lefkara is a village on the island of Cyprus famous for its lace, known as lefkaritika in and silver handicrafts. The village takes its name from the white of its ...

Omodos

Omodos
Omodos is a village in the Troödos Mountains of Cyprus. It is also located in the Limassol District of Cyprus and is 80 kilometers from the city of Nicosia. The ...

Kathikas

Kathikas
Kathikas is one of the Laona villages in the Paphos District of Cyprus. It is situated on a plateau 23 kilometers north of Paphos. It has an altitude of ...

Kalopanagiotis

Kalopanagiotis
Kalopanagiotis is a village in the Nicosia District of Cyprus, located 3 km north of Moutoullas. This picturesque village with its traditional architecture, its cobbled streets and footpaths, chapels and ...

Kouklia

Kouklia
Kouklia is a village in the Paphos District, about 16 kilometres from the city of Paphos on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. The village is built in the area of ...

Germasogeia

Germasogeia
Germasogeia is an eastern suburb of Limassol and a municipality in the Limassol District of Cyprus. As of 2011, Germasogeia had a population of 13,421. Its current mayor is Andreas ...

Tombs of the Kings

Tombs of the Kings
There are a number of sites known as the Tombs of the Kings:Tombs of the Kings, Paphos, CyprusTombs of the Kings, Jerusalem, IsraelThe Valley of the Kings in Egypt was ...

Larnaca Salt Lake

Larnaca Salt Lake
Larnaca Salt Lake is a complex network of four salt lakes of different sizes to the west of the city of Larnaca. The largest is lake Aliki, followed by lake ...

Oroklini

Oroklini
Oroklini , or less commonly Voroklini , is a village in Larnaca District, Cyprus, to the north-east of Larnaca. Its population in 2011 was 6,134.Oroklini is the site of protected ...

Hala Sultan Tekke

Hala Sultan Tekke
Hala Sultan Tekke or the Mosque of Umm Haram is a Muslim shrine on the west bank of Larnaca Salt Lake, near Larnaca, Cyprus. Umm Haram was the Islamic prophet ...

Coral Bay, Cyprus

Coral Bay, Cyprus
Coral Bay is a popular tourist resort in the Peyia municipality 6 km North of the city of Paphos.The coast to the north and to the south of Coral Bay is ...

Agros, Cyprus

Agros, Cyprus
Agros is a village built on the Troödos Mountains, in the region of Pitsilia, in southwest Cyprus, which has built amphitheatrically among high mountains at an altitude of 1100 metres with ...

Stavrovouni Monastery

Stavrovouni Monastery
Stavrovouni Monastery is a Greek Orthodox monastery which stands on the top of a hill called Stavrovouni in Cyprus; it is sometimes simply known as Stavrovouni. The monastery is one ...

Kato Paphos Archaeological Park

Kato Paphos Archaeological Park
Paphos Archaeological Park is located in Paphos, southwest Cyprus. It is situated near Paphos Harbour. Its sites and monuments date from prehistoric times through the Middle Ages. ...

Pedoulas

Pedoulas
Pedoulas is a village in the Nicosia District of Cyprus, located 4 km south of Moutoullas. The town has a famous St. Michael church. ...

Church of Saint Lazarus, Larnaca

Church of Saint Lazarus, Larnaca
The Church of Saint Lazarus , is a late-9th century church in Larnaca, Cyprus. It belongs to the Church of Cyprus, an autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church.The Church of Saint Lazarus ...

Aphrodite Hills

Aphrodite Hills
Aphrodite Hills is a coastal resort in the Paphos district, Cyprus. It is named after the goddess Aphrodite and the resort is only one mile away from Aphrodite's Rock.The resort ...

Troodos Mountains

Troodos Mountains
Troodos is the largest mountain range in Cyprus, located in roughly the center of the island. Troodos' highest peak is Mount Olympus at 1,952 meters, which hosts four ski slopes. ...

Paphos Castle

Paphos Castle
Paphos Castle is located on the edge of Paphos harbour. Paphos Castle is situated at an elevation of 3 m. It was originally built as a Byzantine fort to protect ...

MS Zenobia

MS Zenobia
MS Zenobia was a Swedish built Challenger-class RO-RO ferry launched in 1979 that capsized and sank close to Larnaca, Cyprus, in June 1980 on her maiden voyage. She now rests ...

Anogyra

Anogyra
Anogyra is a village in the Limassol District of Cyprus, located 7 km north of Avdimou. The 20th Pastelli Festival in Anogyra will take place on September 13th, 2014, as ...

Khirokitia

Khirokitia
Khirokitia is an archaeological site on the island of Cyprus dating from the Neolithic age. It has been listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1998.The site is ...

Minthis Hills

Minthis Hills
Minthis Hills is a resort close to Tsada village in the south west district of Paphos, Cyprus.ConceptMinthis Hills is a development on Cyprus. The resort of Minthis ...

Liopetri

Liopetri
Liopetri is a village in southern Famagusta District, in Cyprus. It is close to the communities of Frenaros, Sotira, Avgorou and Xylofagou . In 2011, Liopetri had a population of ...

GSZ Stadium

GSZ Stadium
GSZ Stadium or Gymnastic Club Zenon Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Larnaca, Cyprus. Usually it is referred as the 'neo GSZ Stadium' to distinguish it from the old GSZ ...

Pafiako Stadium

Pafiako Stadium
The Pafiako Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Paphos, the stadium holds 9,394 people. It has a full size running track around the outside of its football and rugby playing ...

Deryneia

Deryneia
Deryneia is a large village in the island of Cyprus. It is located at the east side of the island, 2 km south of the city of Famagusta . The population ...

Skarinou

Skarinou
Skarinou is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, located 4 km west of Kofinou. ...

Mount Olympus

Mount Olympus
Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece and the second highest mountain in the Balkans. It is located in the Olympus Range on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia, ...

Pentakomo

Pentakomo
Pentakomo is a village in the Limassol District of Cyprus, located 5 km east of Pyrgos. ...

Frenaros

Frenaros
Frenaros is a village in the Famagusta District of Cyprus. In 2011, it had a population of 4,298.Notable peopleEleftheria Eleftheriou, singer and actress ...

Monagroulli

Monagroulli
Monagroulli is a village in the Limassol District of Cyprus, located 3 km northeast og Moni and 6 km southwest of Asgata. ...

Erimi

Erimi
Erimi is a village lying partly in the Limassol District of Cyprus and partly in the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. It has a population of 1,432 according ...

Kissonerga

Kissonerga
Kissonerga is a village in South West Cyprus, about 5 miles north of Paphos, in a region notable for the cultivation of banana plantations, an area known as the Ktima ...

Mazotos

Mazotos
Mazotos is a village 22 km away from Larnaca in Cyprus, close to the sea.The community today numbers about 1,200 predominantly Greek speaking Cypriots but with about 350 expatriates who are ...

Parekklisia

Parekklisia
Parekklisia is a town in the Limassol District of Cyprus, located northeast of Agios Tychonas. As a village near the sea, it was first inhabited in the Early Aceramic Neolithic ...

Alaminos, Cyprus

Alaminos, Cyprus
Alaminos is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, east of Larnaca. In 1960, prior to the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, it had 564 inhabitants, with a roughly equal ...

Ypsonas

Ypsonas
Ypsonas is one of the largest villages in the Limassol District of Cyprus and is located about 7 kilometres west of Limassol city. The southern part of the village is ...

Panagia, Cyprus

Panagia, Cyprus
Panayia or Pano Panayia is a mountainous picturesque village in Cyprus, located at an altitude of 900m in the Paphos mountain range,at the outskirts of Paphos forest and 35 minutes ...

Kalavasos

Kalavasos
Kalavasos is a village in the Larnaca District of Cyprus, located 6 km north of Zygi. In its vicinity, there are copper mines.HistoryKalavasos has been a settlement since ...

Zygi

Zygi
Zygi is a small village on the south coast of Cyprus, between Limassol and Larnaca. Before 1974, Zygi had a mixed Greek- and Turkish-Cypriot population.The Evangelos Florakis Navy Base explosion ...

Mesa Geitonia

Mesa Geitonia
Mesa Geitonia is a municipality of Cyprus, located in the district of Limassol, 2 km north of the city center. ...

Strovolos

Strovolos
Strovolos is a municipality of Nicosia. With a population of nearly 70,000, it is the second biggest municipality in Cyprus, after Limassol, and the biggest municipality of Nicosia. It was ...

Aradippou

Aradippou
Aradippou is a town and municipality in Cyprus, located on the outskirts of the city of Larnaca. It was established in 1986 following a referendum of local residents. It has ...

Geroskipou

Geroskipou
Geroskipou is a coastal town in Cyprus, east of Paphos. Its current population is approximately 7,000 and it is the second largest municipality in the Paphos District. Yeroskipou, with its ...

Lakatamia

Lakatamia
Lakatamia is a southwestern suburb of Nicosia, Cyprus. In 2011, it had a population of 38,345.Due to the expansion of the Nicosia urban area, Lakatamia has grown from two small ...

Latsia

Latsia
Latsia , once a small village on the south east outskirts of Nicosia, Cyprus, is today one of the largest and most populous suburbs of the city. It hosts the ...

Engomi

Engomi
Engomi is a suburb and municipality of the Cypriot capital Nicosia. In 2011, it had a population of 18,010. Of these, 14,254 were citizens of Cyprus.It is a mainly residential ...

Kyrenia Castle

Kyrenia Castle
Kyrenia Castle , at the east end of the old harbour in Kyrenia is a 16th-century castle built by the Venetians over a previous Crusader fortification. Within its walls lies ...

Büyük Han

Büyük Han
Buyuk Han is the largest caravansarai on the island of Cyprus and is considered to be one of the finest buildings on the island. Located in North Nicosia, Northern Cyprus, ...

Selimiye Mosque

Selimiye Mosque
The Selimiye Mosque is an Ottoman imperial mosque, which is located in the city of Edirne, Turkey. The mosque was commissioned by Sultan Selim II, and was built by architect ...

Nicosia

Nicosia
Nicosia (/ˌnɪkəˈsiːə/ NIK-ə-SEE-ə; Greek: Λευκωσία [lefkoˈsi.a]; Turkish: Lefkoşa [lefˈkoʃa]; Armenian: Նիկոսիա Nigosia) is the capital and largest city on the island of Cyprus, as well as its main business centre. ...

north cyprus

north cyprus
Northern Cyprus , officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus , is a self-declared state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus. Recognised only by Turkey, Northern ...

Salamis

Salamis
Salamis may refer toSalamis , a nymph in Greek mythologySalamis , a genus of butterfly in the family NymphalidaeSalamis Island in the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea, near Athens, ...

Bellapais Abbey

Bellapais Abbey
Bellapais Abbey, or "The Abbey of Peace" , is the ruin of a monastery built by Canons Regular in the 13th century on the northern side of the small village ...

Limassol Castle

Limassol Castle
The medieval Limassol Castle is situated near the old harbour in the heart of the historical centre of the city of Limassol. The castle as it appears today is a ...

Cyprus Museum

Cyprus Museum
The Cyprus Museum is the oldest and largest archaeological museum in Cyprus.The museum houses artefacts discovered during numerous excavations on the island. The museum is home to the most extensive ...

Ayios Ioannis

Ayios Ioannis
Agios Ioannis may refer to the following places or churchesCyprusAgios Ioannis , a village near Kato PyrgosAgios Ioannis Malountas, a village near MalountaAgios Ioannis, Limassol, a village ...

Byzantine Museum

Byzantine Museum
The Byzantine and Christian Museum is situated at Vassilissis Sofias Avenue in Athens, Greece. It was founded in 1914 and houses more than 25,000 exhibits with rare collections of pictures, ...

Byzantine Museum

Byzantine Museum
The Byzantine and Christian Museum is situated at Vassilissis Sofias Avenue in Athens, Greece. It was founded in 1914 and houses more than 25,000 exhibits with rare collections of pictures, ...

Cyprus Wine Museum

Cyprus Wine Museum
Erimi is a village lying partly in the Limassol District of Cyprus and partly in the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. It has a population of 1,432 according ...

Ethnographic Museum

Ethnographic Museum
Ethnographic Museum may refer to:Ethnographic Museum, AnkaraEthnographic Museum BaselEthnographic Museum Ethnographic Museum Ethnographic Museum of KrakówMuseum of Ethnography, SwedenEthnographic Museum of TripoliNational Museum of Ethnography, WarsawEthnographic Museum, Zagreb ...

Famagusta Gate

Famagusta Gate
The Famagusta Gate is a gate in the Nicosia walls, Cyprus. It is the chief gate of the city: the Porta Giuliana, or "di sotto" of Fra Stefano Lusignano's " ...

Leventis Municipal Museum of Nicosia

Leventis Municipal Museum of Nicosia
The Leventis Municipal Museum of Nicosia in Nicosia, Cyprus, is home to an extensive collection of Cypriot works include archaeological artifacts, costumes, photographs, medieval pottery, maps and engravings, jewels, and ...

Municipal Gardens

Municipal Gardens
An urban park, also known as a municipal park or a public park, public open space or municipal gardens , is a park in cities and other incorporated places to ...