Top 10 things to do in Mozambique

Mozambique

Relax on the stunningly beautiful beaches and reefs or get into the backcountry and do some exploring.

Mozambique is a country.

Mozambique (/moʊzæmˈbiːk/ or /mɔːzæmˈbiːk/), officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique, pronounced: [ʁɛˈpublikɐ di musɐ̃ˈbiki]), is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. It is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city is Maputo (previously called Lourenço Marques before independence).

Between the 1st and 5th centuries AD, Bantu-speaking peoples migrated from farther north and west. Swahili, and later also Arab, commercial ports existed along the coasts until the arrival of Europeans. The area was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal from 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections and has remained a relatively stable presidential republic since.

Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, aluminium and petroleum production, is growing. The country's tourism sector is also growing. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment. Portugal, Brazil, Spain and Belgium are also among the country's most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country ranks among the lowest in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality, and average life expectancy.

The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half of the population. Common native languages include Swahili, Makhuwa and Sena. The country's population of around 24 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people. The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. Mozambique is a member of the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Southern African Development Community, and an observer at La Francophonie.

Overall rating: 4.7
Country
Typical length of visit: 4 days

Top 10 things to do in Mozambique

Nacala

Nacala
Nacala, also known as Cidade de Nacala or Nacala-Porto is on the northern coast of Mozambique is the deepest natural port on the east coast of Africa. It serves as ...

Inhassoro

Inhassoro
Inhassoro is a small fishing port in Inhassoro District of Inhambane Province in Mozambique. The town has about 43,000 inhabitants and is located on the Indian Ocean coast along the ...

Nampula

Nampula
Nampula is the capital city of Nampula Province in Mozambique. It has a population of 471,717 making it the third largest city in Mozambique after Maputo and Beira. It is ...

Xai-Xai

Xai-Xai
Xai-Xai is a city in the south of Mozambique. Until 1975, the city was named João Belo. It is the capital of Gaza Province. As of 2007 it has a ...

Pemba

Pemba
Pemba may refer to:PlacesPemba Island, in TanzaniaPemba, Mozambique, the capital of Cabo Delgado ProvincePemba, Zambia, a small town ...

Inhambane

Inhambane
Inhambane, Terra de Boa Gente is a city located in southern Mozambique, lying on Inhambane Bay, 470 km northeast of Maputo. It is the capital of the Inhambane Province and according ...

Vilankulo

Vilankulo
Vilankulo is a coastal town in Mozambique, lying in the Vilanculos District of Inhambane Province. Vilankulo is named after local tribal chief Gamala Vilankulo Mukoke, and some of the "bairros" ...

Beira

Beira
Beira can refer to:Beira , the mother to all the gods and goddesses in the Celtic mythology of ScotlandBeira, Azores, a small village on São Jorge Island.Beira , the name ...

Maputo

Maputo
Maputo, known as Lourenço Marques before independence, is the capital and largest city of Mozambique. It is known as the City of Acacias, in reference to acacia trees commonly found ...

Tete, Mozambique

Tete, Mozambique
Tete is the capital city of Tete Province in Mozambique. It is located on the Zambezi River, and is the site of two of the four bridges crossing the river ...

Tofo

Tofo
Praia do Tofo or simply Tofo is a small town in southeastern Mozambique. The town lies on the Indian Ocean coast, on Ponto do Barra peninsula in Inhambane Province, Jangamo ...

Matola

Matola
Matola is the largest suburb of the Mozambique capital, Maputo, and adjacent to it to the west. It is the nation's second most populated place. Matola is the capital of ...

Ponta do Ouro

Ponta do Ouro
Ponta do Ouro is a town in the extreme south of Mozambique, lying on the Mozambique Channel south of Maputo and just north of the border with South Africa. It ...

Inhaca Island

Inhaca Island
Inhaca Island is a subtropical island of Mozambique off the East African coast.The 52 km2 island separates Maputo Bay to the west from the Indian Ocean off its eastern shores. The ...

Bazaruto Island

Bazaruto Island
Bazaruto is a sandy island located approximately 80 kilometres southeast of the mouth of the Save River, Mozambique . It is the largest island in the Bazaruto Archipelago and in ...

Limpopo National Park

Limpopo National Park
The Limpopo National Park was born when the status of Coutada 16 Wildlife Utilisation Area in Gaza Province, Mozambique, was changed from a hunting concession to a protected area. It ...

Chimoio

Chimoio
Chimoio is the capital of Manica Province in Mozambique. It is the fifth-largest city in Mozambique.Chimoio's name under Portuguese administration was Vila Pery. Vila Pery developed under Portuguese rule as ...

Lichinga

Lichinga
Lichinga is the capital city of Niassa Province of Mozambique. It lies on the Lichinga Plateau at an altitude of 1360 metre, east of Lake Niassa . The town was ...

Quirimbas National Park

Quirimbas National Park
The Quirimbas National Park is a protected area in the Cabo Delgado Province of Mozambique, encompassing the southern part of the Quirimbas Islands.LocationThe park was established in ...

Maxixe

Maxixe
Maxixe can refer to:Maxixe , a Brazilian danceMaxixe, Mozambique, a city in MozambiqueMaxixe , a deep-blue variety of berylCucumis anguria, a vegetable ...

Ibo

Ibo
Ibo may refer to:Peopleİbrahim Tatlıses, a Kurdish pop-folk singer also known as "Ibo"Ibo Bonilla, a Costa Rican sculptor and architectIgbo people, a Nigerian ethnic group formerly known ...

Maputo Bay

Maputo Bay
Maputo Bay , formerly Delagoa Bay, Baía da Lagoa is an inlet of the Indian Ocean on the coast of Mozambique, between 25° 40' and 26° 20' S, with a ...

Nampula Province

Nampula Province
Nampula is a province of northern Mozambique. It has an area of 79,010 km² and a population of 3,985,613 .Nampula is the capital of the province.HistoryUnder Portuguese rule ...

Cabo Delgado Province

Cabo Delgado Province
Cabo Delgado is the northernmost province of Mozambique. It has an area of 77,867 km² and a population of 1,650,270 . As well as bordering the neighboring country of Tanzania, it ...

Inhambane

Inhambane
Inhambane, Terra de Boa Gente is a city located in southern Mozambique, lying on Inhambane Bay, 470 km northeast of Maputo. It is the capital of the Inhambane Province and according ...

Maputo Province

Maputo Province
Maputo is a province of Mozambique; the province excludes the city of Maputo . The province has an area of 22,693 km² and a population of 1,205,709 .GeographyMaputo ...

Tete Province

Tete Province
Tete is a province of Mozambique. It has an area of 98,417 km² and a population of 1,783,967 .Tete is the capital of the province. The Cahora Bassa Dam is situated ...

Cobue

Cobue
Cobue is a small lake-side town in Niassa Province, in north-west Mozambique. It is located on the shore of Lake Niassa.Cobue serves as the gateway to Mozambique from Malawi. It ...