Top 10 things to do in Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea

Tropical rainforest, great scenery and diverse cultures. An adventurous, rarely visited travel destination where caution is advised.

Papua New Guinea is a country.

Papua New Guinea (PNG; /ˈpæpə njuː ˈɡɪniː/ PAP-pə-new-GHIN-ee; Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. 848 languages are listed for the country, of which 12 have no known living speakers. Most of the population of over 7 million people live in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages. It is also one of the most rural, as only 18 per cent of its people live in urban centres. The country is one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior.

Strong growth in Papua New Guinea's mining and resource sector has led to the country's becoming the sixth fastest-growing economy in the world as of 2011. Many people in the country live in extreme poverty when measured in terms of money, with about one-third of the population living on less than US$1.25 per day.

At the local level, the majority of the population still live in strong customary societies and - while social life is overlaid with traditional religious cosmologies and modern practices, including conventional primary education - customary subsistence-based agriculture remains fundamental. These societies and clans are explicitly acknowledged within the nation's constitutional framework. The Papua New Guinea Constitution expresses the wish for "traditional villages and communities to remain as viable units of Papua New Guinean society" and for active steps to be taken in their continuing importance to local and national community life.

At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975 following 70 years of Australian administration. It became a separate Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.

Overall rating: 4.1
Country
Typical length of visit: 4 days

Top 10 things to do in Papua New Guinea

Wewak

Wewak
Wewak is the capital of the East Sepik province of Papua New Guinea. It is located on the northern coast of the island of New Guinea. It is the largest ...

Madang

Madang
Madang is the capital of Madang Province and is a town with a population of 27,420 on the north coast of Papua New Guinea. It was first settled by the ...

Kavieng

Kavieng
Kavieng is the capital of the Papua New Guinean province of New Ireland and the largest town on the island of the same name. The town is located at Balgai ...

Goroka

Goroka
Goroka is the capital of the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. It is a town of approximately 19,000 people , 1600m above sea level. It has an airport ...

Manus Island

Manus Island
Manus Island is part of Manus Province in northern Papua New Guinea and is the largest island of the Admiralty Islands. It is the fifth largest island in Papua New ...

Lae

Lae
Lae, is the capital of Morobe Province and is the second-largest city in Papua New Guinea. It is located at the start of the Highlands Highway, which is the main ...

Rabaul

Rabaul
Rabaul is a township in East New Britain province, on the island of New Britain, in the country of Papua New Guinea. New Britain is an island about 60 kilometres ...

Mount Hagen

Mount Hagen
Mount Hagen is third largest city in Papua New Guinea, with a population of 46,250. It is the capital of the Western Highlands Province and is located in the large ...

Alotau

Alotau
Alotau is the capital of Milne Bay Province, in the south-east of Papua New Guinea. It is located on the northern shore of Milne Bay.The town is located within the ...

Kiunga

Kiunga
Kiunga may mean:Places:Kiunga, Kenya, and the nearby Kiunga Marine National ReserveKiunga, Papua New GuineaFish:the genus Kiunga ...

Bougainville Island

Bougainville Island
Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. This region is also known as Bougainville Province or the North Solomons. Its land ...

Eastern Highlands Province

Eastern Highlands Province
Eastern Highlands is a highlands province of Papua New Guinea. The provincial capital is Goroka. The province covers an area of 11,157 km², and has a population of 579,825 . The ...

Daru

Daru
Daru is the former capital of the Western Province of Papua New Guinea. The township is entirely located on an island that goes by the same name, which is located ...

Peace Valley Park

Peace Valley Park
Peace Valley Park is a 1,500 acre park located near Doylestown, Pennsylvania. It is part of the Bucks County Park System. The park surrounds Lake Galena, a 365-acre lake created ...

Port Moresby

Port Moresby
Port Moresby is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea. It is located on the shores of the Gulf of Papua, on the southeastern coast of the Papuan ...

Western Highlands Province

Western Highlands Province
Western Highlands is a province of Papua New Guinea. The provincial capital is Mount Hagen. The province covers an area of 4,299 km², and there are 362,850 inhabitants , making the ...

Morobe Province

Morobe Province
Morobe Province is a province on the northern coast of Papua New Guinea. The provincial capital, and largest city, is Lae. The province covers 33,705 km², with a population of 674,810 ...

Popondetta

Popondetta
Popondetta is the capital of Oro Province in Papua New Guinea.In 1951 the town became the focus of relief efforts after nearby Mount Lamington erupted and killed 4,000 people.Popondetta is ...

Western Province

Western Province
Western Province or West Province may refer to:Western Province, CameroonWestern Province, RwandaWestern Province Western Province Western Province Western Province, Sri LankaWestern Province, ZambiaWestern Province , a division of the Victorian ...