World > American Samoa
An unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Independent State of Samoa.
American Samoa is a country.
American Samoa (i/əˈmɛrɨkən səˈmoʊ.ə/; Samoan: Amerika Sāmoa, [aˈmɛɾika ˈsaːmʊa]; also Amelika Sāmoa or Sāmoa Amelika) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa.
American Samoa consists of five main islands and two coral atolls. The largest and most populous island is Tutuila, with the Manuʻa Islands, Rose Atoll, and Swains Island also included in the territory. American Samoa is part of the Samoan Islands chain, located west of the Cook Islands, north of Tonga, and some 300 miles (500 km) south of Tokelau. To the west are the islands of the Wallis and Futuna group.
The 2010 census showed a total population of 55,519 people. The total land area is 199 square kilometers (76.8 sq mi), slightly more than Washington, D.C. American Samoa is the southernmost territory of the U.S. and one of two U.S. territories (with Jarvis Island) south of the Equator. Tuna and tuna products are the main exports, and the main trading partner is the United States.
During the 1918 flu pandemic, the 12th governor of American Samoa John Martin Poyer quarantined the territory to stop the spread of the pandemic entering American Samoa. Because of his actions, no deaths occurred making American Samoa one of the few places in the world to have prevented a single death during the outbreak.
American Samoa is noted for having the highest rate of military enlistment of any US state or territory.
American Samoans are bilingual and can fluently speak English and Samoan or Gagana Fa'asāmoa. This is the same language spoken in Independent Samoa.