Mongolia > Mörön
Mörön is a town in Mongolia.
Mörön is the administrative center of Khövsgöl Aimag in northern Mongolia. Before 1933, Khatgal had been the Aimag capital.
Mörön has a hospital, a museum, a theatre, a post office, several schools and kindergartens, as well as one of the biggest outdoor markets in the country. The town has its own power station. Additionally, it was connected to the Mongolian central power grid in 2004. The town has a paved road connecting to Mongolia's capital city Ulaanbaatar since December 2014.History
The settlement stems from the Möröngiin Khuree monastery, which had been founded in 1809/11 on the banks of the Delgermörön river. By the beginning of the 20th century, the monastery had grown to a population of about 1300 lamas, but was destroyed in 1937. A small new monastery was erected on the western edge of the town in the 1990s.Airport
The Mörön Airport has two runways, one paved and one gravel. It is served by regular flights from and to Ulan Bator. Some flights to the western aimags may stop over.Notable buildings
- There were 60 temples and monasteries in Mörön at the end of the 19th century. Möröngiin Chüree Khiid Monastery in which about 2500 monks were living was the most important one. It was famous for its Tsam dances. In 1937, however, the monasteries and temples of Mörön were all destroyed by order of the then president Khorloogiin Choibalsan, like everywhere in Mongolia. Danzadardscha Khiid, a small new monastery, was built in a traditional style in the western part of Mörön in June 1990, and 40 monks are living there. Several stupas and a tall Buddha statue were built around it as well.
- The municipal theatre and the post office are on the southern and southwestern edges of the large Central Square. Opposite, the Town Hall which was built in a typical socialist style, is worth a look as well. In the middle of the square, an equestrian statue was erected as a monument for Chingunjav, the leader of a local rebellion against the Qing dynasty, in 2010. This statue replaced an older monument for Davaadorj .
- The monument for Davaadorj, a Mongolian border guard from Khövsgöl who was killed in a skirmish on the Khovd/Xinjiang border in 1948, has been moved to the compound of the border troops, around 300 m northeast of the Central Square.
- Another sightworthy memorial was erected in front of the airport: Khainzangiin Gelenkhüü , a Buddhist monk who tried to fly with wings made of sheep leather near the town of Jargalant in the 1930s.
- The Aimag Museum, founded in 1949, is half-way between the Central Square and the Wrestlers' Stadium. It shows about 4000 objects, e.g., are traditional clothes and other items of minorities living in Khövsgöl Aimag.
- The Wrestlers' Stadium is an interesting modern building in the eastern part of the town. In front of it, a memorial was erected to honour three famous wrestlers stemming from Mörön. A special park for children was laid out opposite the stadium.
Gelenkhüü Memorial in front of the airport
Central Square with Chingunjav Memorial
Danzadardscha Khiid Monastery
Buddha statue at the monastery